Highly religious participants recruit areas of social cognition in personal prayer

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Paper (help)
Highly religious participants recruit areas of social cognition in personal prayer
Authors: Uffe Schjødt, Hans Stødkilde-Jørgensen, Armin W. Geertz, Andreas Roepstorff
Citation: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 4 (2): 199+. 2009
Database(s): brainspell Neurosynth PubMed (PMID/19246473)
DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsn050.
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Extract:

Highly religious participants recruit areas of social cognition in personal prayer report a functional magnetic resonance imaging study on praying.

There is supplementary data to the study [1].

A related paper by the same authors is Rewarding prayers.

Contents

[edit] Subjects

Subject group #1 (help)
Young healthy volunteers
Subjects/♂/♀: 20 / 6 / 14
Age: 25.4 (21–32)
Nationality: Danish
Approval: Ethical Committee of Aarhus Amt
Databases:

Group 1 of 20 young healthy volunteers with 6 males and 14 females were included in the study. The Danish group had a mean age of 25.4 with a range from 21 to 32. The study on the human subjects was approved by the Ethical Committee of Aarhus Amt. The subjects where member of the the "Indre Mission" fraction within the Danish Lutheran Church which tends towards more orthodox view than mainstream Danish Church.

[edit] Results

[edit] Main effect of religious domain ( (the Lord's prayer + personal praying) – (nursery rhyme + making wishes to Santa Claus) )

No suprathreshold voxels [2]

[edit] Main effect of secular domain ( (nursery rhyme + making wishes to Santa Claus) – (the Lord's prayer + personal praying) )

Table 2, part 2 with 7 coordinates [3]

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
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Plot
1 Right lateral prefrontal cortex 10 48 34 30 481 5.73 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
2 Right superior temporal cortex 22 66 -36 12 91 5.57 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
3 Left lateral prefrontal cortex 46 -48 38 14 395 4.59 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
4 Left parieto-occipital cortex 7 -28 -70 32 152 3.97 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
5 Right supplementary premotor cortex 6 8 20 50 25 3.94 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
6 Right parietal cortex 40 40 -58 44 43 3.90 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
7 Right occipital cortex 18 20 -72 14 19 3.66 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available

[edit] Interaction

[4]

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
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t
z
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Entry not completed (help)

Anatomy
BA
x
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Entry not completed (help)

[edit] Personal praying vs. making wishes to Santa Claus

Table 4, part 1 with 4 coordinates [5].

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
Coordinate search
Plot
1 Left precuneus 7 -10 -60 32 527 4.71 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
2 Left temporo-parietal junction 39 -40 -54 24 286 4.68 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
3 Left temporopolar region 21 -46 6 -40 44 4.30 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
4 Left medial prefrontal cortex 9 -14 50 22 31 4.18 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
Entry not completed (help)

[edit] Making wishes to Santa Claus vs. personal praying


Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
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Plot
Entry not completed (help)

[edit] The Lord's prayer vs. personal praying


Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
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Entry not completed (help)

[edit] The Lord's prayer vs. nursery rhyme

No suprathreshold voxels

[edit] Nursery rhyme vs. the Lord's prayer

No suprathreshold voxels


[edit] Main effect of formalized speech act ((The Lord’s Prayer + Nursery Rhyme) - (Personal Praying + Making Wishes to Santa Claus))

Table 1, part 1 in supplementary material with 7 coordinates

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
Coordinate search
Plot
1 Right parietal cortex 40 58 -46 40 10651 5.80 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
2 Right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 10 44 42 22 11851 5.34 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
3 Left cerebellum -26 -66 -28 9855 4.75 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
4 Right posterior cingulate cortex 23 10 -20 32 2812 3.74 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
5 Left putamen -8 2 -8 250 3.39 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
6 Left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex 46 -50 42 8 289 3.24 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
7 Left posterior cingulate cortex 30 -32 -62 4 32 3.22 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available

[edit] Main effect of improvised speech act ((Personal Praying + Making Wishes to Santa Claus) - (The Lord’s Prayer + Nursery Rhyme ))

Table 1, part 2 in supplementary material with three coordinates

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
Coordinate search
Plot
1 Left suppl. motor area 6 -8 12 64 1852 4.87 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
2 Left precuneus 31 -8 -58 12 130 4.30 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
3 Left caudate nucleus -8 16 14 36 4.26 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available

[edit] Critique

  1. There is a "BA 60" in Table 2: Brodmann area 60! This must be a typo for Brodmann area 6
  2. The multiple correction is false discovery rate.
  3. What is "Right suppl. premotor cortex"? Supplementary motor area? Or Premotor cortex? Or both?
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