Neuroanatomical correlates of externally and internally generated human emotion

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Paper (help)
Neuroanatomical correlates of externally and internally generated human emotion
Authors: Eric M. Reiman, Richard D. Lane, Geoffrey L . Ahern, Gary E. Scwartz, Richard J. Davidson, Karl J. Friston, Lang-Sheng Yun, Kewei Chen
Citation: American Journal of Psychiatry 154 (7): 918-925. 1997 July
Database(s): PubMed (PMID/9210741)
DOI: Define doi.
Link(s): http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/abstract/154/7/918
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Format: BibTeX Template from PMID
Extract: Talairach coordinates from linked PDF: CSV-formated wiki-formated

Neuroanatomical correlates of externally and internally generated human emotion reports a positron emission tomography study with human subjects watching emotional film.

In addition to three emotionally neutral films three silent color feature film with happiness, sadness and disgust were shown just before and during the PET scan. These film were related to films from Resting frontal brain asymmetry predicts affective responses to films.[1]

Contents

[edit] Subjects

Subject group #1 (help)
Healthy females
Subjects/♂/♀: 12 / 0 / 12
Age: 23.3 ±3.2 (–)
Handedness: Right
Nationality: define nationality
Approval: define approval
Databases:

Group 1 of 12 right-handed healthy females with 0 males and 12 females were included in the study. The group had a mean age of 23.3.

A screening procedure was setup to get unmedicated female subjects likely responding intensely to the emotional stimuli. The subjects score above average on the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire and had average score on the Affect Intensity Measure.

One subject (of original 13 subjects) had withdrawn from the PET study.

[edit] Scanning

MRI Scanning (help)
Mode: aMRI
Scanner: General Electric Signa 1.5T
Type: T1-weighted Spoiled-gradient recalled acquisition

(TR=33ms, TE=5ms, FA=30°)

Slices: 128 (thickness=1.5mm ) oriented Horizontal
Size: FOV=24mm matrix=256x192
Laboratory: missing laboratory

For aMRI T1-weighted Spoiled-gradient recalled acquisition scans were acquired with a 1.5T General Electric Signa.

PET Scanning (help)
Scanner: Siemens ECAT 951/31
Radiotracer: Oxygen-15 Water
Laboratory: missing laboratory

Using the radiotracer Oxygen-15-Water PET scans were acquired with a Siemens ECAT 951/31.


[edit] Results

The PET image was transformed to the 1988 Talairach atlas. A threshold on P=0.005 uncorrected was used corresponding to z=2.58. If an area in the opposite hemisphere were significant then the threshold was lowered to P=0.05 uncorrected corresponding z=1.65.

[edit] Film-generated emotion

Table 1 with 13 coordinates

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
Coordinate search
Plot
1 Medial prefrontal cortex 9 0 50 28 2.93 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
2 Thalamus -6 -14 0 3.11 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
3 Thalamus 10 -18 0 2.54 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
4 Occipitotemporoparietal cortex 19, 21, 22, 37, 39 -46 -52 12 5.12 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
5 Occipitotemporoparietal cortex 19, 21, 22, 37, 29 48 -42 8 5.67 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
6 Anterior temporal cortex 21, 28, 38 -34 4 -16 5.40 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
7 Anterior temporal cortex 21, 28, 38 42 10 20 7.06 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
8 Amygdala -24 -4 -12 4.18 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
9 Amygdala 16 -4 -12 4.06 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
10 Hypothalamus 0 -6 -12 4.03 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
11 Midbrain 2 -20 -4 3.15 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
12 Lateral cerebellum -38 -66 -16 3.51 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
13 Lateral cerebellum 34 -52 -20 4.14 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available

[edit] Recall-generated emotion

Table 2 with 7 coordinates

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
Coordinate search
Plot
1 Medial prefrontal cortex 9 2 42 28 2.54 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
2 Thalamus -16 -22 0 2.72 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
3 Thalamus 16 -18 0 2.88 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
4 Anterior insular cortex, claustrum, lateral putamen -34 18 0 2.58 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
5 Anterior insular cortex, claustrum, lateral putamen 44 14 0 2.41 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
6 Anterior temporal and orbitofrontal cortex 38, 47 -44 16 -16 2.87 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
7 Anterior temporal and orbitofrontal cortex 38, 47 44 22 -12 2.95 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available

[edit] Film-generated emotion versus recall generated

Table 3 with 11 coordinates

Anatomy
BA
x
y
z
No. vox
t
z
Coordinate search
Plot
1 Occipitotemporoparietal cortex 19, 21, 22 -38 -72 -4 3.61 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
2 Occipitotemporoparietal cortex 19, 21, 22 50 -58 -4 4.96 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
3 Anterior temporal cortex 21, 28, 38 -30 4 -20 3.10 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
4 Anterior temporal cortex 21, 28, 38 36 8 -20 4.40 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
5 Amygdala -28 -2 -16 3.84 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
6 Amygdala 22 -4 -16 3.50 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
7 Hippocampal formation -32 -12 -20 3.23 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
8 Hippocampal formation 34 -12 -16 3.65 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
9 Hypothalamus 0 -4 -12 3.56 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
10 Lateral cerebellum -34 -42 -24 3.20 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available
11 Lateral cerebellum 36 -42 -24 2.94 Brede Database Brede Wiki NeuroSynth SumsDB Not available

[edit] References

  1. A. J: Tomarken, R. J. Davidson, J. B. Henriques (1990). "Resting frontal brain asymmetry predicts affective responses to films". J Pers Soc Psychol 59: 791-801.
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