WOROI: 65 - Parahippocampal gyrus
 
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WOROI: 65 - Parahippocampal gyrus

The ICBM label for the parahippocampal gyrus is the same as the one for the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus.

Abbreviation: PHG
Abbreviation: Gh

Variation: Parahippocampal
Variation: Parahippocampal cortex
Variation: Parahippocampus
Variation: Gyrus parahippocampi
Variation: Gyrus parahippocampalis

External databases

MeSH UID: D020534
CoCoMac: SA00-PH GM-PHC R00-PHC
ICBM Label: 18

Taxonomy

ParentsSiblingsChildren
Limbic lobe
Medial occipito-temporal gyrus
Limbic gyrus
Medial temporal lobe
  Entorhinal cortex
Left parahippocampal gyrus
Right parahippocampal gyrus
Ambiens gyrus
Subsplenial gyrus
Periamygdaloid cortex

Talairach coordinates

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy WOBIB WOEXP
-32 -26 -22 Parahippocampal gyrus 22 67
-32 -26 -21 Parahippocampal gyrus 22 68
18 -55 -4 Parahippocampal gyrus 22 69
36 -28 -17 Right parahippocampal gyrus 29 96
-36 -26 -19 Left parahippocampal gyrus 29 96
12 -10 -20 Right parahippocampal gyrus 49 161
-26 -32 -8 Left parahippocampal gyrus 49 164
26 0 -20 Right parahippocampal gyrus 49 165
-26 -35 -12 Left parahippocampal gyrus 50 168
-26 -35 -16 Left parahippocampal gyrus 50 169
-30 -36 -13 Left parahippocampal gyrus 78 243
44 -25 -2 Right parahippocampal gyrus 82 258
28 -7 -27 Right parahippocampal gyrus 82 258
-18 -46 6 Left parahippocampal gyrus 82 260
-30 -20 -16 Left parahippocampal gyrus 93 295
-19 -47 -4 Temporal, parahippocampal gyrus 106 330
-32 -26 -17 Left parahippocampal gyrus 142 435
-23 -39 -13 Left parahippocampal gyrus 143 438
-23 -36 -7 Left parahippocampal gyrus 143 438
-31 -4 -26 Left parahippocampal gyrus 149 458
-37 -10 -29 Left parahippocampal gyrus 149 459
35 -1 -29 Right parahippocampal gyrus 149 459

Summary

  x     y     z   Description
-28 -30 -14 Mean coordinate in left hemisphere
28 -18 -17 Mean coordinate in right hemisphere
28 -26 -15 Mean coordinate with ignored left/right
12 -55 -29 Minimum coordinate with ignored left/right
44 0 6 Maximum coordinate with ignored left/right
7 15 9 Standard deviation with ignored left/right
corner cube of WOROI: 65 - Parahippocampal gyrus

Text contexts

Finally, left parahippocampal gyrus, left anterolateral temporal cortex, and posterior cingulate cortex were involved in memory retrieval irrespective of person or timeE. A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.
Increases in activity when the tones were unpredictable were seen in the inferior and superior temporal lobe bilaterally, the right parahippocampal gyrus and right parietal cortexS. J. Blakemore; G. Rees; C. D. Frith. How do we predict the consequences of our actions? A functional imaging study. Neuropsychologia 36(6):521-9, 1998. PMID: 9705062. WOBIB: 82.
Unpleasant was distinguished from neutral or pleasant emotion by activation of the bilateral occipito-temporal cortex and cerebellum, and left parahippocampal gyrus, hippocampus and amygdala (P < 0Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.
Areas preferentially active during encoding (relative to retrieval) included left superior frontal cortex, medial frontal cortex, left superior temporal cortex, posterior cingulate, left parahippocampal gyrus, and left inferior frontal gyrusK. B. McDermott; J. G. Ojemann; Steven E. Petersen; J. M. Ollinger; A. Z. Snyder; E. Akbudak; T. E. Conturo; Marcus E. Raichle. Direct comparison of episodic encoding and retrieval of words: an event-related fMRI study. Memory 7(5-6):661-78, 1999. PMID: 10659091. WOBIB: 106.

Text count

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