WOROI: 4 - Cingulate gyrus
 
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WOROI: 4 - Cingulate gyrus

Abbreviation: Cg
Abbreviation: CgG

Variation: Cingulate gyri
Variation: Gyrus cinguli
Variation: Gyrus cingularis
Variation: Cingulate cortex

External databases

MeSH UID: D006179
BrainInfo: 141
Wikipedia: Cingulate cortex
ICBM Label: 27

Taxonomy

ParentsSiblingsChildren
Limbic lobe
Limbic gyrus
  Posterior cingulate gyrus
Anterior cingulate gyrus
Middle cingulate gyrus
Left cingulate gyrus
Right cingulate gyrus
Retrospenial cortex

Talairach coordinates

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy WOBIB WOEXP
-12 17 34 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 2 5
-2 16 20 Left cingulate gyrus 4 9
2 21 20 Right cingulate gyrus 4 9
-2 15 19 Left cingulate gyrus 4 10
4 19 18 Right cingulate gyrus 4 10
-4 20 40 Cingulate gyrus/sulcus 12 31
-12 17 27 Cingulate gyrus/cingulum 12 31
-4 19 38 Cingulate gyrus/sulcus 12 32
-13 18 30 Cingulate gyrus/cingulum 12 32
-6 17 29 Left caudal cingulate gyrus 17 50
-4 8 35 Left caudal cingulate gyrus 17 50
-4 2 42 Left caudal cingulate gyrus 17 50
-1 -4 43 Cingulate gyrus 19 53
6 -29 38 Right posterior cingulate gyrus and precuneus 21 66
14 -6 37 Cingulate gyrus 22 67
2 41 9 Anterior cingulate gyrus 31 105
14 23 30 Anterior cingulate gyrus 31 105
2 41 7 Anterior cingulate gyrus 31 108
9 -53 14 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 32 109
4 -53 14 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 32 110
2 -40 40 Posterior cingulate gyrus 35 117
52 -30 20 Right postcentral gyrus/posterior cingulate gyrus 35 119
-4 -36 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 41 135
0 15 32 Anterior cingulate gyrus 41 136
-4 29 26 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 41 137
-4 -35 29 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 41 137
-4 -35 40 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 41 138
0 -26 29 Posterior cingulate gyrus 41 140
5 -13 40 Cingulate gyrus 45 148
-9 -20 41 Cingulate gyrus 45 148
-2 -48 20 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 49 164
-3 12 40 Anterior cingulate gyrus 57 182
-3 12 40 Anterior cingulate gyrus 57 183
-12 12 31 Anterior cingulate gyrus 57 183
-9 -33 46 Posterior cingulate gyrus 57 183
6 17 29 Right anterior cingulate gyrus 60 186
-9 12 32 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 60 186
0 -17 28 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 60 186
6 20 28 Right anterior cingulate gyrus 60 187
-6 7 35 Left middle cingulate gyrus 60 187
9 20 34 Right anterior cingulate gyrus 60 188
-3 20 31 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 60 188
3 23 31 Right anterior cingulate gyrus 60 189
6 9 35 Right middle cingulate gyrus 60 189
-1 27 -9 Cingulate gyrus 62 193
3 -53 15 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 71 223
0 12 31 Anterior cingulate gyrus 72 225
-3 -39 37 Posterior cingulate gyrus 72 225
0 9 31 Anterior cingulate gyrus 72 226
-12 -18 34 Posterior cingulate gyrus 72 226
0 12 40 Anterior cingulate gyrus 72 227
3 -27 28 Posterior cingulate gyrus 72 227
-4 -53 25 Posterior cingulate gyrus 78 243
-4 32 24 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 262
-8 18 19 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 262
0 22 17 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 262
-2 22 17 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 264
10 26 17 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 264
12 30 24 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 265
-6 21 27 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 265
-12 2 31 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 266
12 30 22 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 267
-6 27 26 Anterior cingulate gyrus 83 267
0 28 30 Left cingulate gyrus 88 280
-4 -24 28 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 88 280
10 0 35 Right cingulate gyrus 89 286
-16 21 36 Anterior cingulate gyrus 92 293
16 0 39 Anterior cingulate gyrus 92 293
14 -53 21 Posterior cingulate gyrus 92 293
-14 -51 23 Posterior cingulate gyrus 92 293
-6 -58 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, left 98 306
14 -50 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, right 98 306
-3 44 4 Anterior cingulate gyrus, left 98 307
14 -56 20 Posterior cingulate gyrus, right 98 307
3 -61 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, right 98 307
-14 -56 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus, left 98 307
-6 -9 34 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 99 310
-4 -15 34 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 99 310
-10 -32 40 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 104 323
-12 -38 9 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 107 336
0 -43 28 Cingulate gyrus 116 349
1 4 41 Right cingulate gyrus 116 350
2 13 42 Right cingulate gyrus 116 353
-2 -43 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 116 353
1 -33 29 Right cingulate gyrus 116 354
4 -50 10 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 116 355
19 13 40 Right anterior cingulate gyrus 116 356
1 25 17 Cingulate gyrus 116 358
-9 -1 42 Left cingulate gyrus 116 359
8 7 24 Right cingulate gyrus 116 359
-4 -11 43 Left cingulate gyrus 116 361
-2 -51 42 Left cingulate gyrus 116 361
-22 20 28 Anterior cingulate gyrus 130 402
6 -44 8 Posterior cingulate gyrus 130 403
-10 44 -4 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 138 426
3 -33 37 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
3 -44 42 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
3 -72 20 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
3 -56 15 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 437
6 -25 42 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 438
-6 -36 31 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 143 438
6 -72 15 Right posterior cingulate gyrus 143 439
0 -61 20 Posterior cingulate gyrus 143 439
0 -47 28 Posterior cingulate gyrus 147 451
24 44 -9 Right orbital gyrus/superior frontal gyrus/medial frontal gyrus/anterior cingulate gyrus 152 469
3 42 15 Anterior cingulate gyrus 154 474
0 -37 20 Bilateral posterior cingulate gyrus 155 475
-15 -56 9 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 155 478
-4 -50 27 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 501
-1 -50 28 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 502
-8 -55 11 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 503
-4 -42 11 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 504
-5 -32 46 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 505
-4 -55 29 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 506
-2 -55 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 507
-1 -55 39 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 508
-11 -55 29 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 165 509
-4 31 26 Cingulate gyrus 172 528
0 32 -12 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 174 533
0 32 -12 Right anterior cingulate gyrus 174 533
-1 18 35 Left anterior cingulate gyrus 176 538
-5 25 35 Left cingulate gyrus 176 539
1 37 6 Left cingulate gyrus 176 539
9 36 18 Right cingulate gyrus 176 539
4 20 36 Cingulate gyrus 179 562
-8 25 26 Cingulate gyrus 179 562
-18 -14 36 Left cingulate gyrus 182 574
-14 2 24 Left cingulate gyrus 182 574
-18 -16 40 Left cingulate gyrus 182 575
-4 24 32 Left cingulate gyrus 182 575
-4 -56 24 Left posterior cingulate gyrus 185 585

Summary

  x     y     z   Description
-7 -10 29 Mean coordinate in left hemisphere
8 -8 24 Mean coordinate in right hemisphere
6 -9 26 Mean coordinate with ignored left/right
0 -72 -12 Minimum coordinate with ignored left/right
52 44 46 Maximum coordinate with ignored left/right
7 33 12 Standard deviation with ignored left/right
corner cube of WOROI: 4 - Cingulate gyrus

Text contexts

On the left side, activation of the middle frontal gyrus, superior frontal gyrus, superior precentral gyrus, thalamus and the caudal part of the anterior cingulate gyrus was seen, while on the right side we found activation in the supramarginal gyrus, mesencephalon and insulaS. Nour; Claus Svarer; J. K. Kristensen; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Cerebral activation during micturition in normal men. Brain 123 ( Pt 4):781-9, 2000. PMID: 10734009. WOBIB: 17.
Specifically, recall of previously memorized words from temporal cues was associated with activity in the basal forebrain, right middle frontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, and posterior cingulate gyrus, whereas their recall from person cues was associated with activity in the left insula, right middle frontal gyrus, and posterior cingulate gyrusToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
Deactivations were observed in the posterior cingulate gyrus and in the amygdala and were right-lateralized in the prefrontal, parietal and middle temporal corticesAndreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.
Painful thermal stimulation of either hand elicited significant activity over a large network of brain regions, including insula, inferior frontal gyrus, cingulate gyrus, secondary somatosensory cortex, cerebellum, and medial frontal gyrus (corrected P < 0Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.
In the 46 degrees C experiment, positive signal changes were found in the frontal gyri, anterior and posterior cingulate gyrus, thalamus, motor cortex, somatosensory cortex (SI and SII), supplementary motor area, insula, and cerebellumL. R. Becerra; H. C. Breiter; M. Stojanovic; S. Fishman; A. Edwards; A. R. Comite; R. G. Gonzalez; D. Borsook. Human brain activation under controlled thermal stimulation and habituation to noxious heat: an fMRI study. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 41(5):1044-57, 1999. PMID: 10332889. WOBIB: 72.
The anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) is part of a neural network implicated in attention-demanding tasks, such as the experience of painU. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.
Contrary to some earlier studies, the posterior cingulate gyrus and some frontal areas were deactivated in both emotionsS. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.
During presentation of happy facial expressions, we detected a signal increase predominantly in the left anterior cingulate gyrus, bilateral posterior cingulate gyri, medial frontal cortex and right supramarginal gyrus, brain regions previously implicated in visuospatial and emotion processing tasksMary L. Phillips; E. T. Bullmore; R. Howard; P. W. Woodruff; I. C. Wright; Steven C. R. Williams; A. Simmons; C. Andrew; M. Brammer; Anthony S. David. Investigation of facial recognition memory and happy and sad facial expression perception: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 83(3):127-38, 1998. PMID: 9849722. WOBIB: 98.
Cortically, rCBF increased in the left anterior and posterior cingulate gyrus, the left primary somatosensory cortex, the left premotor cortex and bilaterally in parietal areasM. Fredrikson; G. Wik; Håkan Fischer; J. Andersson. Affective and attentive neural networks in humans: a PET study of Pavlovian conditioning. NeuroReport 7(1):97-101, 1995. PMID: 8742426. WOBIB: 99.
The group showed significant positive correlations between symptom intensity and blood flow in the right inferior frontal gyrus, caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus and thalamus, and the left hippocampus and posterior cingulate gyrusPhilip K. McGuire; C. J. Bench; C. D. Frith; I. M. Marks; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; R. J. Dolan. Functional anatomy of obsessive-compulsive phenomena. British Journal of Psychiatry 164(4):459-468, 1994. PMID: 8038933. WOBIB: 104.
The results from the group analysis documented that permanent amnesia is associated with hypometabolism in the thalamus, posterior cingulate cortex, and mesial prefrontal cortex (near the anterior cingulate gyrus), bilaterally, as well as in the left supramarginal and middle temporal gyriA. M. Aupee; B. Desgranges; F. Eustache; C. Lalevee; V. de la Sayette; F. Viader; J. C. Baron. Voxel-based mapping of brain hypometabolism in permanent amnesia with PET. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1164-73, 2001. PMID: 11352622. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0762. WOBIB: 119.
Graphical analysis followed by statistical parametric mapping (SPM96) revealed that H1-receptor rich regions such as cortices, cingulate gyrus and thalamus were regions where the BPs after ebastine were significantly higher than after (+)-chlorpheniramine (2 mg)M. Tagawa; M. Kano; N. Okamura; M. Higuchi; M. Matsuda; Y. Mizuki; H. Arai; R. Iwata; T. Fujii; S. Komemushi; T. Ido; M. Itoh; H. Sasaki; T. Watanabe; K. Yanai. Neuroimaging of histamine H1-receptor occupancy in human brain by positron emission tomography (PET): a comparative study of ebastine, a second-generation antihistamine, and (+)-chlorpheniramine, a classical antihistamine. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 52(5):501-509, 2001. PMID: 11736858. WOBIB: 127.
The citalopram-induced change in cerebral metabolism was positively correlated with age in the right precuneus, right paracentral lobule, and left middle temporal gyrus and negatively correlated with age in the left anterior cingulate gyrus, right inferior and middle frontal gyri, right insula, and right inferior parietal lobuleSara Goldberg; Gwenn S. Smith; Anna Barnes; Yilong Ma; Elisse Kramer; Kimberly Robeson; Margaret Kirshner; Bruce G. Pollock; David Eidelberg. Serotonin modulation of cerebral glucose metabolism in normal aging. Neurobiology of Aging 25(2):167-174, 2004. PMID: 14749134. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 138.
Empathic judgements also activated left anterior middle temporal and left inferior frontal gyri, while forgivability judgements activated posterior cingulate gyrusT. F. Farrow; Y. Zheng; I. D. Wilkinson; S. A. Spence; J. F. Deakin; N. Tarrier; P. D. Griffiths; P. W. Woodruff. Investigating the functional anatomy of empathy and forgiveness. NeuroReport 12(11):2433-2438, 2001. PMID: 11496124. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 147.
Thus, we predicted that ketamine would produce reduced activity in limbic and visual brain regions involved in emotion processing, and increased activity in dorsal regions of the prefrontal cortex and cingulate gyrus, both associated with cognitive processing and, putatively, with emotion regulationKathryn M. Abel; Matthew P. G. Allin; Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura; Anthony S. David; Chris Andrew; Steven C. R. Williams; Michael J. Brammer; Mary L. Phillips. Ketamine alters neural processing of facial emotion recognition in healthy men: an fMRI study. NeuroReport 14(3):387-391, 2003. PMID: 12634489. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000058031.29600.31. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 155.
However, with ketamine, neural responses were demonstrated to neutral expressions in visual cortex, cerebellum and left posterior cingulate gyrusKathryn M. Abel; Matthew P. G. Allin; Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura; Anthony S. David; Chris Andrew; Steven C. R. Williams; Michael J. Brammer; Mary L. Phillips. Ketamine alters neural processing of facial emotion recognition in healthy men: an fMRI study. NeuroReport 14(3):387-391, 2003. PMID: 12634489. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000058031.29600.31. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 155.
Threat-related words compared to neutral words activated left posterior cingulate gyrus in eight of 10 subjects with activation most prominent in the retrosplenial regionRichard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore. Activation of left posterior cingulate gyrus by the auditory presentation of threat-related words: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 75(1):1-14, 1997. PMID: 9287369. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 165.
RESULTS: PTSD subjects showed significantly less activation of the thalamus, the anterior cingulate gyrus (Brodmann's area 32), and the medial frontal gyrus (Brodmann's area 10/11) than did the comparison subjectsRuth A Lanius; Peter C. Williamson; Maria C. Densmore; Kristine Boksman; Madhulika A. Gupta; R. W. Neufeld; Joseph S. Gati; Ravi S. Menon. Neural Correlates of Traumatic Memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Functional MRI Investigation. The American Journal of Psychiatry 158(11):1920-1922, 2001. PMID: 11691703. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 174.
We found positive correlations between IQ and gray matter density in the orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate gyrus, the cerebellum, and thalamus and negative correlations in the caudate nucleusSophia Frangou; Xavier Chitins; Steven C. R. Williams. Mapping IQ and gray matter density in healty young people. NeuroImage 23(8):800-805, 2004. PMID: 15528081. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.05.027. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 180.

Text count

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Roi -> Alphabetic | Hammers | Tzourio-Mazoyer | Svarer | Top | Functional areas | Brodmann areas ]
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