WOROI: 39 - Caudate nucleus
 
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WOROI: 39 - Caudate nucleus

Abbreviation: Cd
Abbreviation: NC

Variation: Caudate
Variation: Nucleus caudatus

External databases

MeSH UID: D002421
BrainInfo: 208
IBVD: Caudate
CoCoMac: BD77-CD BD77-Cd GM-Caud PRA87-Cd RTMB99-Cd RTMKBW98-Cd RTMKBW98-CD UDGM84-Cd
Wikipedia: Caudate nucleus
ICBM Label: 53

Taxonomy

ParentsSiblingsChildren
Striatum
Dorsal striatum
  Left caudate nucleus
Right caudate nucleus
Medial caudatus
Tail of caudate nucleus
Head of caudate nucleus
Body of caudate nucleus
Genu of caudate nucleus

Talairach coordinates

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy WOBIB WOEXP
-22 -1 22 Left caudate nucleus (dorsal head) 54 176
14 5 20 Right caudate nucleus (dorsal head) 54 176
-10 10 3 Left caudate nucleus 54 177
-14 14 16 Left caudate nucleus 68 210
24 11 16 Right caudate nucleus 76 233
6 14 9 Right caudate nucleus 76 235
-10 5 16 Left caudate nucleus 76 235
14 14 9 Right caudate nucleus 76 238
-20 -3 15 Left caudate nucleus 76 238
14 21 3 Right caudate nucleus 76 239
-18 24 10 Left caudate nucleus 76 239
16 12 7 Caudate nucleus 92 293
-20 -11 20 Caudate nucleus, left 98 308
34 -26 -4 Right caudate nucleus 104 323
8 22 1 Right caudate nucleus 116 359
10 12 -2 Right caudate nucleus 125 387
10 10 -4 Right caudate nucleus 125 388
7 0 20 Right caudate nucleus 155 478
0 0 20 Bilateral caudate nucleus 155 480
-19 5 17 Left caudate nucleus 180 564
16 12 13 Right caudate nucleus 180 564

Summary

  x     y     z   Description
-17 5 15 Mean coordinate in left hemisphere
14 9 7 Mean coordinate in right hemisphere
14 7 11 Mean coordinate with ignored left/right
0 -26 -4 Minimum coordinate with ignored left/right
34 24 22 Maximum coordinate with ignored left/right
7 12 9 Standard deviation with ignored left/right
corner cube of WOROI: 39 - Caudate nucleus

Text contexts

The activity was restricted to foci in the medial insula and the anterior cingulate cortex and, subcortically, in the caudate nucleus and the putamen, all bilaterallyAndreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.
Common findings in both studies were observed in the limbic structures, such as the anterior and posterior cingulate gyri, the basolateral frontal cortices, as well as in the basal ganglia (especially the caudate nucleus) and frontal cortexM. Tashiro; F. D. Juengling; M. J. Reinhardt; I. Brink; S. Hoegerle; M. Mix; K. Kubota; K. Yamaguchi; M. Itoh; H. Sasaki; E. Moser; E. U. Nitzsche. Reproducibility of PET brain mapping of cancer patients. Psychooncology 9(2):157-63, 2000. PMID: 10767753. WOBIB: 92.
Pleasant was also distinguished from neutral but not unpleasant emotion by activation of the head of the left caudate nucleus (P < 0Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.
The group showed significant positive correlations between symptom intensity and blood flow in the right inferior frontal gyrus, caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus and thalamus, and the left hippocampus and posterior cingulate gyrusPhilip K. McGuire; C. J. Bench; C. D. Frith; I. M. Marks; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; R. J. Dolan. Functional anatomy of obsessive-compulsive phenomena. British Journal of Psychiatry 164(4):459-468, 1994. PMID: 8038933. WOBIB: 104.
There was no difference in global cerebral metabolism before and after treatment whereas a post-treatment reduction in normalized rCMRglc was found in the right caudate nucleusElsebet S. Hansen; Steen Hasselbalch; Ian Law; Tom G. Bolwig. The caudate nucleus in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Reduced metabolism following treatment with paroxetine: a PET study. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 5(1):1-10, 2002. PMID: 12057027. DOI: doi:10.1017/S1461145701002681. WOBIB: 125.
Our results support hypotheses regarding a malfunction of the cortico-striato-thalamic system in the pathophysiology of OCD and particularly point to the caudate nucleus playing an important role for the therapeutic action of paroxetine in the treatment of OCDElsebet S. Hansen; Steen Hasselbalch; Ian Law; Tom G. Bolwig. The caudate nucleus in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Reduced metabolism following treatment with paroxetine: a PET study. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 5(1):1-10, 2002. PMID: 12057027. DOI: doi:10.1017/S1461145701002681. WOBIB: 125.
The results demonstrate that the right superior temporal cortex, the insula and subcortically putamen and caudate nucleus are the neural structures damaged significantly more often in patients with spatial neglectHans-Otto Karnath; Monika Fruhmann Berger; Wilhelm Kuker; Chris Rorden. The Anatomy of Spatial Neglect based on Voxelwise Statistical Analysis: A Study of 140 Patients. Cerebral Cortex 14(10):1164-1172, 2004. PMID: 15142954. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhh076. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 133.
We found positive correlations between IQ and gray matter density in the orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate gyrus, the cerebellum, and thalamus and negative correlations in the caudate nucleusSophia Frangou; Xavier Chitins; Steven C. R. Williams. Mapping IQ and gray matter density in healty young people. NeuroImage 23(8):800-805, 2004. PMID: 15528081. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.05.027. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 180.

Text count

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