WOROI: 35 - Basal Ganglia
 
Bib -> Asymmetry | Author | ICA | NMF | Novelty | Statistics | SVD | Title | WOBIB ]
 
 
Roi -> Alphabetic | Hammers | Tzourio-Mazoyer | Svarer | Top | Functional areas | Brodmann areas ]
 
 
[ Brede Database ]
 


WOROI: 35 - Basal Ganglia

Abbreviation: BG

External databases

BrainInfo: 206
IBVD: Basal Ganglia
Wikipedia: Basal Ganglia

Taxonomy

ParentsSiblingsChildren
Telencephalon
  Amygdala
Striatum
Globus pallidus
Claustrum
Lentiform nucleus
Corpus Striatum

Talairach coordinates

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy WOBIB WOEXP
24 -4 8 Right basal ganglia (putamen) 84 268
-26 -12 4 Left basal ganglia (globus pallidus) 84 270
24 -4 8 Right basal ganglia (putamen) 84 270
-20 -12 2 Left basal ganglia 137 424
27 0 0 Right basal ganglia 167 512
-21 0 0 Left basal ganglia 167 512

Summary

  x     y     z   Description
-22 -8 2 Mean coordinate in left hemisphere
25 -3 5 Mean coordinate in right hemisphere
24 -5 4 Mean coordinate with ignored left/right
20 -12 0 Minimum coordinate with ignored left/right
27 0 8 Maximum coordinate with ignored left/right
3 5 4 Standard deviation with ignored left/right
corner cube of WOROI: 35 - Basal Ganglia

Text contexts

Deduction activated areas near right brain homologues of left language areas in middle temporal lobe, inferior frontal cortex and basal ganglia, as well as right amygdala, but not spatial-visual areasL. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.
Common findings in both studies were observed in the limbic structures, such as the anterior and posterior cingulate gyri, the basolateral frontal cortices, as well as in the basal ganglia (especially the caudate nucleus) and frontal cortexM. Tashiro; F. D. Juengling; M. J. Reinhardt; I. Brink; S. Hoegerle; M. Mix; K. Kubota; K. Yamaguchi; M. Itoh; H. Sasaki; E. Moser; E. U. Nitzsche. Reproducibility of PET brain mapping of cancer patients. Psychooncology 9(2):157-63, 2000. PMID: 10767753. WOBIB: 92.
Prominent basal ganglia activation was demonstrated in this static force task, but not in a previous force task involving repetitive dynamic force pulsesC. Dettmers; R. N. Lemon; K. M. Stephan; G. R. Fink; Richard S. J. Frackowiak. Cerebral activation during the exertion of sustained static force in man. NeuroReport 7(13):2103-10, 1996. PMID: 8930968. WOBIB: 108.
This suggests that sustained exertion of a static force is an active process modulated, at least in part, by the basal gangliaC. Dettmers; R. N. Lemon; K. M. Stephan; G. R. Fink; Richard S. J. Frackowiak. Cerebral activation during the exertion of sustained static force in man. NeuroReport 7(13):2103-10, 1996. PMID: 8930968. WOBIB: 108.
Several neuroimaging studies of patients with OCD have pointed to basal ganglia and the frontal cortical regions being relevant for an understanding of the pathophysiology and therapy of OCDElsebet S. Hansen; Steen Hasselbalch; Ian Law; Tom G. Bolwig. The caudate nucleus in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Reduced metabolism following treatment with paroxetine: a PET study. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 5(1):1-10, 2002. PMID: 12057027. DOI: doi:10.1017/S1461145701002681. WOBIB: 125.
The medial temporal lobe (MTL) has been associated with declarative learning of flexible relational rules and the basal ganglia with implicit learning of stimulus-response mappingsMichael Rose; Hilde Haider; Cornelius Weiller; Christian Buchel. The Role of Medial Temporal Lobe Structures in Implicit Learning: An Event-Related fMRI Study. Neuron 36(6):1221-1231, 2002. PMID: 12495634. DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01105-4. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 167.
It remains an open question of whether MTL or basal ganglia are involved when learning flexible relational contingencies without awarenessMichael Rose; Hilde Haider; Cornelius Weiller; Christian Buchel. The Role of Medial Temporal Lobe Structures in Implicit Learning: An Event-Related fMRI Study. Neuron 36(6):1221-1231, 2002. PMID: 12495634. DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01105-4. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 167.
Implicit learning of the sequential regularities of the "hidden rule" activated the ventral perirhinal cortex, within the MTL, whereas learning the fixed stimulus-response associations activated the basal ganglia, indicating that the function of the MTL and the basal ganglia depends on the learned material and not necessarily on the participants' awarenessMichael Rose; Hilde Haider; Cornelius Weiller; Christian Buchel. The Role of Medial Temporal Lobe Structures in Implicit Learning: An Event-Related fMRI Study. Neuron 36(6):1221-1231, 2002. PMID: 12495634. DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01105-4. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 167.

Text count

Bib -> Asymmetry | Author | ICA | NMF | Novelty | Statistics | SVD | Title | WOBIB ]
Roi -> Alphabetic | Hammers | Tzourio-Mazoyer | Svarer | Top | Functional areas | Brodmann areas ]
[ Brede Database ]
Automatically constructed by Brede Toolbox through brede_roi_roi2html, 2006-10-05T15:27:25