|We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the
representation pattern for repetitive voluntary finger movements in the
primary motor cortex (M1) and the supplementary motor area (SMA) of
humans||I. Indovina; J. N. Sanes. On somatotopic representation centers for finger movements in human
primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area.
NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1027-34, 2001.
| Within the primary motor cortex, a hand region was preferentially
active in the task in which the stimulus was painful heat||P. A. Gelnar; B. R. Krauss; P. R. Sheehe; N. M. Szeverenyi; A. V. Apkarian. A comparative fMRI study of cortical representations for thermal painful,
vibrotactile, and motor performance tasks.
NeuroImage 10(4):460-82, 1999.
| Electrodermal activity was positively related to rCBF
in the left primary motor cortex (MI, Brodmann's Area 4) and bilaterally
in the anterior (Areas 24 and 32) and posterior cingulate cortex (Area
23)||M. Fredrikson; T. Furmark; M. T. Olsson; Håkan Fischer; J. Andersson; B. Langstrom. Functional neuroanatomical correlates of electrodermal activity: a
positron emission tomographic study.
Psychophysiology 35(2):179-85, 1998.
| Cerebral blood flow (CBF) increases
just below the threshold for statistical significance were seen in the
contralateral sensorimotor cortex [primary motor cortex (M1)/primary
somatosensory cortex (S1)]||K. L. Casey; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; R. A. Koeppe. Comparison of human cerebral activation pattern during cutaneous warmth,
heat pain, and deep cold pain.
Journal of Neurophysiology 76(1):571-81, 1996.
| RESULTS: Brain regions in which activity was significantly correlated with tic occurrence in the group included medial and lateral premotor cortices, anterior cingulate cortex, dorsolateral-rostral prefrontal cortex, inferior parietal cortex, putamen, and caudate, as well as primary motor cortex, the Broca's area, superior temporal gyrus, insula, and claustrum||E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome.
Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000.