WOROI: 18 - Frontal lobe
 
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WOROI: 18 - Frontal lobe

The part of the brain (telencephalon) in front of the central sulcus not including the basal ganglia and the cingulate lobe. Tzourio-Mazoyer divides it into a lateral, medial and orbital surface.

Abbreviation: FL

Variation: Frontal cortex

External databases

MeSH UID: D005625
BrainInfo: 37
Wikipedia: Frontal lobe

Taxonomy

ParentsSiblingsChildren
Cerebral Cortex
  Prefrontal cortex
Medial frontal cortex
Brodmann area 9
Brodmann area 10
Brodmann area 11
Orbital gyri
Precentral gyrus
Inferior frontal gyrus
Superior frontal gyrus
Left frontal lobe
Right frontal lobe
Middle frontal gyrus
Gyrus rectus
Medial orbital area
Lateral orbital area
Brodmann area 4
Brodmann area 6
Brodmann area 12
Matelli-Luppino-Rizzolatti frontal area
Economo-Koskinas area FA
Economo-Koskinas area FB
Economo-Koskinas area FC
Economo-Koskinas area FD
Economo-Koskinas area FE
Economo-Koskinas area FF
Frontal operculum
Lateral surface of frontal lobe
Orbital surface of frontal lobe
Middle and inferior frontal gyri

Talairach coordinates

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy WOBIB WOEXP
10 6 48 Medial aspect of right frontal lobe 13 34
32 42 20 Lateral aspect of right frontal lobe 13 34
8 10 48 Medial aspect of right frontal lobe 13 35
40 16 12 Lateral aspect of right frontal lobe 13 35
26 34 -19 Right orbitofrontal lobe 88 283
-22 36 -18 Left orbitofrontal lobe 88 283
2 53 14 Right medial frontal lobe 89 286
-38 2 37 Left precentral gyrus/frontal lobe 128 393
51 15 34 Right precentral gyrus/frontal lobe 128 393
26 52 -8 Right frontal lobe 137 424
-29 29 40 Left lateral frontal lobe 173 530
-9 43 42 Left frontal lobe 173 530
11 43 44 Right frontal lobe 173 530
-17 63 18 Left frontal lobe 173 530
-1 55 10 Frontal lobe 173 530
-1 49 -6 Frontal lobe 173 530
-35 47 -6 Left frontal lobe 173 530
-3 19 -14 Frontal lobe 173 530
-27 27 40 Left lateral frontal lobe 173 531
-11 41 42 Left frontal lobe 173 531
5 49 36 Right frontal lobe 173 531
-15 55 26 Left frontal lobe 173 531
-19 57 8 Left frontal lobe 173 531
-1 47 -4 Frontal lobe 173 531
-33 45 -6 Left frontal lobe 173 531
3 31 -10 Frontal lobe 173 531
15 29 48 Right frontal lobe 173 532
-39 41 18 Left frontal lobe 173 532
21 55 14 Right frontal lobe 173 532
-35 13 -12 Left frontal lobe 173 532
27 15 -14 Right frontal lobe 173 532
11 6 54 Right frontal lobe, white matter 176 538
-35 8 23 Left frontal lobe, white matter 176 538
-34 48 11 Left frontal lobe, white matter 176 539
24 51 -6 Right frontal lobe, white matter 176 539

Summary

  x     y     z   Description
-21 38 13 Mean coordinate in left hemisphere
19 32 20 Mean coordinate in right hemisphere
20 35 16 Mean coordinate with ignored left/right
1 2 -19 Minimum coordinate with ignored left/right
51 63 54 Maximum coordinate with ignored left/right
14 18 23 Standard deviation with ignored left/right
corner cube of WOROI: 18 - Frontal lobe

Text contexts

Multiple brain areas, including bilateral secondary somatosensory cortices (SII) and insula, and the frontal lobe and thalamus contralateral to the stimulus side, were found to be involved in the response to painful stimulationX. Xu; H. Fukuyama; S. Yazawa; T. Mima; T. Hanakawa; Y. Magata; M. Kanda; N. Fujiwara; K. Shindo; T. Nagamine; H. Shibasaki. Functional localization of pain perception in the human brain studied by PET. NeuroReport 8(2):555-559, 1997. PMID: 9080447. WOBIB: 13.
In addition to the temporal lobe activations, there were activation tendencies in the left inferior frontal lobe, right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, left occipital lobe, and cerebellumK. Hugdahl; K. Bronnick; S. Kyllingsbaek; I. Law; Anders Gade; Olaf B. Paulson. Brain activation during dichotic presentations of consonant-vowel and musical instrument stimuli: a 15O-PET study. Neuropsychologia 37(4):431-40, 1999. PMID: 10215090. WOBIB: 26.
We find that sniffing, whether odorant is present or absent, induces activation primarily in the piriform cortex of the temporal lobe and in the medial and posterior orbito-frontal gyri of the frontal lobeNoam Sobel; V. Prabhakaran; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; R. L. Goode; Edith V. Sullivan; John D. E. Gabrieli. Sniffing and smelling: separate subsystems in the human olfactory cortex. Nature 392(6673):282-286, 1998. PMID: 9521322. DOI: 10.1038/32654. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 162.
In contrast, a smell, regardless of sniffing, induces activation mainly in the lateral and anterior orbito-frontal gyri of the frontal lobeNoam Sobel; V. Prabhakaran; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; R. L. Goode; Edith V. Sullivan; John D. E. Gabrieli. Sniffing and smelling: separate subsystems in the human olfactory cortex. Nature 392(6673):282-286, 1998. PMID: 9521322. DOI: 10.1038/32654. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 162.
In the present study, Positron Emission Tomography (PET) with H 2 15 O was used to further validate Stroop's test and the Verbal Fluency as measures of frontal lobe function; both tests were implemented as activation paradigms during scanning of normal middleaged individualsBarbara Ravnkilde; Poul Videbech; Raben Rosenberg; Albert Gjedde; Anders Gade. Putative Tests of Frontal Lobe Function: A PET-Study of Brain Activation During Stroop's Test and Verbal Fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 24(4):534-547, 2002. PMID: 12187466. DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.534.1033. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 176.

Text count

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