WOROI: 12 - Forebrain
 
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WOROI: 12 - Forebrain


Variation: Proencephalon

External databases

MeSH UID: D016548
BrainInfo: 8

Taxonomy

ParentsSiblingsChildren
Brain
  Telencephalon
Diencephalon

Talairach coordinates

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy WOBIB WOEXP
-3 5 -5 Basal forebrain 32 109
-10 -3 -7 Left basal forebrain 39 132

Summary

  x     y     z   Description
-6 1 -6 Mean coordinate in left hemisphere
NaN NaN NaN Mean coordinate in right hemisphere
6 1 -6 Mean coordinate with ignored left/right
3 -3 -7 Minimum coordinate with ignored left/right
10 5 -5 Maximum coordinate with ignored left/right
5 5 1 Standard deviation with ignored left/right
corner cube of WOROI: 12 - Forebrain

Text contexts

Human lesion data indicate that the basal forebrain or orbitofrontal cortex, or both, as well as medial temporal and diencephalic structures, is important for normal memory and that its disruption causes the pure amnesic syndrome, in which episodic memory is grossly impaired while other kinds of memory remain preservedToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
Among these critical areas, functional imaging studies have so far failed to detect activation of the basal forebrain, although activation in the nearby orbitofrontal cortex has been reported during episodic memory retrievalToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
We employed positron emission tomography to elucidate the neural basis of episodic memory recall utilizing two types of time cues and successfully detected activity in the basal forebrain for the first timeToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
Specifically, recall of previously memorized words from temporal cues was associated with activity in the basal forebrain, right middle frontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, and posterior cingulate gyrus, whereas their recall from person cues was associated with activity in the left insula, right middle frontal gyrus, and posterior cingulate gyrusToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
Furthermore, percentage increases of regional blood flow in the basal forebrain were correlated with behavioral data of successful recallToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
Our results provide clear evidence that the human basal forebrain has a specific role in episodic memory recall, especially that from time-contextual informationToshikatsu Fujii; Jiro Okuda; Takashi Tsukiura; Hiroya Ohtake; Rina Miura; Reiko Fukatsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Ryuta Kawashima; Masatoshi Itoh; Hiroshi Fukuda; Atsushi Yamadori. The role of the basal forebrain in episodic memory retrieval: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 15(3):501-8, 2002. PMID: 11848693. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0995. WOBIB: 32.
We wished to determine whether there are differences in the spatial pattern and intensity of synaptic activity within the conscious human forebrain when different forms and intensities of innocuous and noxious thermal stimuli are experiencedK. L. Casey; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; R. A. Koeppe. Comparison of human cerebral activation pattern during cutaneous warmth, heat pain, and deep cold pain. Journal of Neurophysiology 76(1):571-81, 1996. PMID: 8836245. WOBIB: 102.
Furthermore, the unilateral cingulate activation indicates that this forebrain area, thought to regulate emotions, contains an unexpectedly specific representation of painJ. D. Talbot; S. Marrett; Alan C. Evans; Ernst Meyer; M. C. Bushnell; G. H. Duncan. Multiple representations of pain in human cerebral cortex. Science 251(4999):1355-8, 1991. PMID: 2003220. BrainMap: 5. WOBIB: 114.
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether gender differences exist in the forebrain cerebral activation patterns of the brain during pain perceptionP. E. Paulson; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; K. L. Casey. Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of cerebral activation during noxious heat stimulation in humans. Pain 76(1-2):223-9, 1998. PMID: 9696477. WOBIB: 118.

Text count

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