WOEXP: 579 - Immediate reward
 
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Immediate reward. Choice with immediate reward available with selections visual presented and choices made by pressing one of two buttons versus with no immediate reward available. WOEXP: 579.

Samuel M. McClure; David I. Laibson; George Loewenstein; Jonathan D. Cohen. Separate Neural Systems Value Immediate and Delayed Monetary Rewards. Science 306(5695):503-507, 2004. PMID: 15486304. DOI: 10.1126/science.1100907. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 184.


WOEXT: 562.

Modality:fMRI
Measured variable: BOLD
Tracer:
Scanner: Siemens, Allegra 3T
Number of subjects: 14

Asymmetry: -0.62500 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-8 46 -6 Medial orbitofrontal cortex      
6 8 -4 Ventral striatum      
-26 -37 -5 Left posterior hippocampus      
0 43 9 Medial prefrontal cortex      
-8 -26 31 Posterior cingulate cortex      

corner cube of volume 579 (Immediate reward)

[ PNG | VRML (75Kb) ]

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Immediate reward. Choice with immediate reward available with selections visual presented and choices made by pressing one of two buttons versus with no immediate reward available. WOEXP: 579.
Samuel M. McClure; David I. Laibson; George Loewenstein; Jonathan D. Cohen. Separate Neural Systems Value Immediate and Delayed Monetary Rewards. Science 306(5695):503-507, 2004. PMID: 15486304. DOI: 10.1126/science.1100907. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 184.

+2: 0.55563 Case versus semantic. Decision based on the case of the letters in the word with right hand button press versuswhether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete. WOEXP: 551.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+3: 0.50426 Negative affect, study 1. Correlation between resting state blood flow and Negative Affect as the self-rated factor for irritability, anxiety and anger measured by Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. WOEXP: 460.
David H. Zald; Dorothy L. Mattson; Jose V. Pardo. Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4):2450-2454, 2002. PMID: 11842195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042457199. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 150.

+4: 0.48457 Case judgment versus pseudoword syllable counting. Case judgment of letters from visually presented words with button press versus counting the number of syllables in a visually presented pseudoword. WOEXP: 557.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+5: 0.47555 Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias versus neural cue. Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias where a centrally presented diamond on the screen indicated valid cues for a peripheral target and where the response was significantly faster versus nondirectional cues. Response was made by pushing a button.. WOEXP: 201.
D. M. Small; D. R. Gitelman; M. D. Gregory; A. C. Nobre; T. B. Parrish; M-M Mesulam. The posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex mediate the anticipatory allocation of spatial attention. NeuroImage 18(3):633-41, 2003. PMID: 12667840. WOBIB: 65.

+6: 0.46011 Associative encoding of novel associations versus associative encoding of familiar association. Generate of a sentence containing three visually displayed words that had not been seen in the same context before versus generating a sentence with words that had been seen in context before. WOEXP: 438.
Nicola M. Hunkin; Andrew R. Mayes; Lloyd J. Gregory; Amanda K. Nicholas; Julia A. Nunn; Michael J. Brammer; Edward T. Bullmore; Steven C. R. Williams. Novelty-related activation within the medial temporal lobes. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1456-1464, 2002. PMID: 11931949. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 143.

+7: 0.44158 Negative affect, study 2. Correlation between resting state blood flow and Negative Affect as the self-rated factor for irritability, anxiety and anger measured by Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. WOEXP: 461.
David H. Zald; Dorothy L. Mattson; Jose V. Pardo. Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4):2450-2454, 2002. PMID: 11842195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042457199. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 150.

+8: 0.42604 Warmth on left arm. 43 degrees warm stimuli on six separate sites on the left volar forearm versus 36 degrees stimuli. WOEXP: 318.
K. L. Casey; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; R. A. Koeppe. Comparison of human cerebral activation pattern during cutaneous warmth, heat pain, and deep cold pain. Journal of Neurophysiology 76(1):571-81, 1996. PMID: 8836245. WOBIB: 102.

+9: 0.42154 Happy versus sad. Recalling of powerful and personal autobiographical emotional episodes invoking happiness versus recalling sad episodes. WOEXP: 486.
Mario Pelletier; Alain Bouthillier; Johanne Levesque; Serge Carrier; Claude Breault; Vincent Paquette; Boualem Mensour; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Gilles Beaudoin; Pierre Bourgouin; Mario Beauregard. Separate neural circuits for primary emotions? Brain activity during self-induced sadness and happiness in professional actors. NeuroReport 14(8):1111-1116, 2003. PMID: 12821792. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000075421.59944.69. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 157.

+10: 0.39263 Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias versus without anticipatory bias. Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias where a centrally presented diamond on the screen indicated valid cues for a peripheral target and where the response was significantly faster versus trials where response was not significantly faster. Response was made by pushing a button.. WOEXP: 202.
D. M. Small; D. R. Gitelman; M. D. Gregory; A. C. Nobre; T. B. Parrish; M-M Mesulam. The posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex mediate the anticipatory allocation of spatial attention. NeuroImage 18(3):633-41, 2003. PMID: 12667840. WOBIB: 65.

+11: 0.39112 Normals versus posttraumatic stress disporder. Normals versus posttraumatic stress disorder patients during traumatic memory recall through script-driven imagery. WOEXP: 533.
Ruth A Lanius; Peter C. Williamson; Maria C. Densmore; Kristine Boksman; Madhulika A. Gupta; R. W. Neufeld; Joseph S. Gati; Ravi S. Menon. Neural Correlates of Traumatic Memories in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Functional MRI Investigation. The American Journal of Psychiatry 158(11):1920-1922, 2001. PMID: 11691703. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 174.

+12: 0.38897 Happiness versus sadness from films and recall. Happiness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving a joyous romantic reconciliation and recalling happy autobiographical memories from scripts versus viewing sadness film clips and recalling sad autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 549.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+13: 0.38717 Intelligence and gray matter volume positive correlation. Full-scale intellegence measured with either Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised correlated with gray matter volume. WOEXP: 563.
Sophia Frangou; Xavier Chitins; Steven C. R. Williams. Mapping IQ and gray matter density in healty young people. NeuroImage 23(8):800-805, 2004. PMID: 15528081. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.05.027. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 180.

+14: 0.38262 Increase due to hypnosis versus rest and mental imagery. Increases due to hypnosis versus rest and mental imagery. During warmth and hot pain the thenar surface of the right hand. WOEXP: 239.
M. E. Faymonville; S. Laureys; C. Degueldre; G. DelFiore; A. Luxen; G. Franck; M. Lamy; P. Maquet. Neural mechanisms of antinociceptive effects of hypnosis. Anesthesiology 92(5):1257-67, 2000. PMID: 10781270. WOBIB: 76.

+15: 0.38254 Resting. Resting with eyes closed versus conjunction between nine different cognitive task: visuomotor, verb generation, mental calculation, listening to language stimuli, visual mental imagery, perceptual matching, self-paced movement. WOEXP: 229.
B. Mazoyer; L. Zago; E. Mellet; S. Bricogne; O. Etard; O. Houde; F. Crivello; M. Joliot; L. Petit; N. Tzourio-Mazoyer. Cortical networks for working memory and executive functions sustain the conscious resting state in man. Brain Research Bulletin 54(3):287-298, 2001. PMID: 11287133. WOBIB: 74.

+16: 0.38118 Correlation with speed during navigation and movement. Correlation with speed of virtual movement in navigation and movement in a virtual town. WOEXP: 131.
Eleanor A. Maguire; N. Burgess; J. G. Donnett; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith; J. O'Keefe. Knowing where and getting there: a human navigation network. Science 280(5365):921-4, 1998. PMID: 9572740. WOBIB: 38.

+17: 0.37687 Reflective self-awareness on physical appearance. Reflection on one's own physical appearance versus reflection on the physical appearance of a famous third person. WOEXP: 105.
Troels Kjaer; Markus Nowak; Hans Lou. Reflective Self-Awareness and Conscious States: PET Evidence for a Common Midline Parietofrontal Core. NeuroImage 17(2):1080, 2002. PMID: 12377180. WOBIB: 31.

+18: 0.37043 Unpleasant words. Silent judgement of auditorily presented unpleasant arousing words versus matched neutral words. WOEXP: 132.
Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

+19: 0.36653 Passive versus active, hypothesis generation group. Passive state with simulus versus active states in connection with visual information processing task: same-different discrimination, visual search, spatial attention, language, memory, cross-modal imagery. hypothesis generation group. WOEXP: 530.
Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.

+20: 0.36254 Deactivation in amusement film viewing versus neutral film viewing. Passive viewing of 2.5 minute emotional film clips. WOEXP: 280.
S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

+21: 0.35566 Subject 3: Answering self-reflective questions versus answering semantic questions. Self-reflective and semantic yes/no questions posed through headphones were answered with button press. WOEXP: 56.
Sterling C. Johnson; Leslie C. Baxter; Lana S. Wilder; James G. Pipe; Joseph E. Heiserman; George P. Prigatano. Neural correlates of self-reflection. Brain 125(Pt 8):1808-14, 2002. PMID: 12135971. WOBIB: 20.

+22: 0.35309 Chronic facial pain versus no pain after thalamic stimulation. Chronic pain in the right side of the face versus no pain after thalamic stimulation in the left ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (-7, -20, +2). WOEXP: 193.
Ron C. Kupers; J. M. Gybels; Albert Gjedde. Positron emission tomography study of a chronic pain patient successfully treated with somatosensory thalamic stimulation. Pain 87(3):295-302, 2000. PMID: 10963909. WOBIB: 62.

+23: 0.35190 Mentalizing versus rule solving. Playing a computer-based version of "stone, paper, scissor" while believing the opponent was an other human versus playing while believing the opponent was a computer with a fixed rule-based algorithm. WOEXP: 218.
Helen L. Gallagher; Anthony I. Jack; Andreas Roepstorff; Christopher D. Frith. Imaging the intentional stance in a competitive game. NeuroImage 16(3 Pt 1):814-21, 2002. PMID: 12169265. WOBIB: 70.

+24: 0.35171 Obsessive-compulsive disorder severity. Correlation with obsessive-compulsive disorder severity in patients before and after treatment with paroxetine. WOEXP: 388.
Elsebet S. Hansen; Steen Hasselbalch; Ian Law; Tom G. Bolwig. The caudate nucleus in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Reduced metabolism following treatment with paroxetine: a PET study. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 5(1):1-10, 2002. PMID: 12057027. DOI: doi:10.1017/S1461145701002681. WOBIB: 125.

+25: 0.35121 Semantic versus syllable counting via case judgment. Decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete with right hand response button press versus syllable counting with case judgment as double subtracted. WOEXP: 558.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.07124 Spatial intelligence. Mismatch in a high-g intelligence task determining the odd one of four displayed drawings with indication by button press with middle and index fingers of the two hands versus a similar task with lower g. WOEXP: 339.
John Duncan; Rüdiger J. Seitz; J. Kolodny; D. Bor; H. Herzog; A. Ahmed; F. N. Newell; H. Emslie. A neural basis for general intelligence. Science 289(5478):457-60, 2000. PMID: 10903207. WOBIB: 110.

-2: -0.06788 Activation in sadness film viewing versus neutral film viewing. Passive viewing of 2.5 minute emotional film clips. WOEXP: 282.
S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

-3: -0.06547 Skill learning: Early mirror-reading versus late mirror-reading. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 45.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-4: -0.06486 Silent reading of pseudowords versus rest. Silent reading of visually pseudowords versus resting. WOEXP: 396.
Andrea Mechelli; Karl J. Friston; Cathy J. Price. The effects of presentation rate during word and pseudoword reading: a comparison of PET and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2():145-156, 2000. PMID: 11506654. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564000. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11189. WOBIB: 129.

-5: -0.06439 Silent reading of proper words versus rest. Silent reading of visually presented proper words versus resting. WOEXP: 395.
Andrea Mechelli; Karl J. Friston; Cathy J. Price. The effects of presentation rate during word and pseudoword reading: a comparison of PET and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2():145-156, 2000. PMID: 11506654. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564000. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11189. WOBIB: 129.

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