WOEXP: 532 - Passive versus active. Hypothesis generation and testing group versus hypothesis generation group
 
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Passive versus active. Hypothesis generation and testing group versus hypothesis generation group. Passive state with simulus versus active states in connection with visual information processing task: same-different discrimination, visual search, spatial attention, language, memory, cross-modal imagery. Areas where changes where seen in the combined hypothesis generation and testing group but not in the hypothesis generation group alone. WOEXP: 532.

Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.


WOEXT: 537.

Modality:PET
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Water
Scanner: PETT VI
Number of subjects: 132

Asymmetry: 0.69824 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
1 -43 56 Parietal lobe     12
51 -39 42 Parietal lobe     11
15 29 48 Right frontal lobe     12
-39 41 18 Left frontal lobe     12
-35 -13 2 Left insula     11
39 -11 4 Right insula     10
21 55 14 Right frontal lobe     12
-35 13 -12 Left frontal lobe     12
27 15 -14 Right frontal lobe     15
49 -15 -18 Right temporal lobe     14
51 -33 -12 Right temporal lobe     11
47 -55 16 Right temporal lobe     11
-25 -27 -10 Left temporal lobe     10
-21 -9 -22 Left amygdala     19

corner cube of volume 532 (Passive versus active. Hypothesis generation and testing group versus hypothesis generation group)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Passive versus active. Hypothesis generation and testing group versus hypothesis generation group. Passive state with simulus versus active states in connection with visual information processing task: same-different discrimination, visual search, spatial attention, language, memory, cross-modal imagery. Areas where changes where seen in the combined hypothesis generation and testing group but not in the hypothesis generation group alone. WOEXP: 532.
Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.

+2: 0.46841 75% fearful faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% fearful grey-scale faces with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 220.
Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.

+3: 0.45372 Memory retrieval with personal relevance and temporal specificity. Interaction between memory retrieval of temporal specificity and person relevance versus nontemporal and nonpersonal memory retrieval and sets of word listening. WOEXP: 244.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+4: 0.43297 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with old words versus new. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 567.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+5: 0.40891 Thalamic stimulation for pain relief. Thalamic stimulation in the left ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (-7, -20, +2) for facial pain relief versus after stimulation an still with no pain. WOEXP: 195.
Ron C. Kupers; J. M. Gybels; Albert Gjedde. Positron emission tomography study of a chronic pain patient successfully treated with somatosensory thalamic stimulation. Pain 87(3):295-302, 2000. PMID: 10963909. WOBIB: 62.

+6: 0.40882 Happy faces correlated with extraversion. Categorization of happy face correlated with extraversion NEO personality trait. WOEXP: 482.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+7: 0.40615 London taxi drivers. Gray matter volume in London taxi drivers with extensive navigation experience versus controls. WOEXP: 196.
Eleanor A. Maguire; D. G. Gadian; I. S. Johnsrude; C. D. Good; J. Ashburner; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith. Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97(8):4398-403, 2000. PMID: 10716738. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.070039597. WOBIB: 63.

+8: 0.38761 Fearful faces. Categorization of fearful face versus happy faces. WOEXP: 481.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+9: 0.37908 Controls versus London taxi drivers. Gray matter volume in controls not driving taxi versus London taxi drivers with extensive navigation experience versus controls. WOEXP: 197.
Eleanor A. Maguire; D. G. Gadian; I. S. Johnsrude; C. D. Good; J. Ashburner; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith. Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97(8):4398-403, 2000. PMID: 10716738. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.070039597. WOBIB: 63.

+10: 0.37845 Happy recitation in non-religious subjects. Happy recitation of a German children's nursery rhyme with eyes closed in non-religious subjects. WOEXP: 409.
N. P. Azari; J. Nickel; G. Wunderlich; M. Niedeggen; H. Hefter; L. Tellmann; H. Herzog; P. Stoerig; D. Birnbacher; Rüdiger J. Seitz. Neural correlates of religious experience. European Journal of Neuroscience 13(8):1649-52, 2001. PMID: 11328359. DOI: 10.1046/j.0953-816x.2001.01527.x. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 132.

+11: 0.37130 Decrease during public speaking for subjects with social phobia. Decrease in the interaction between public speaking to an audience about past experiences and subjects with social phobia versus privat speaking about past experience and subjects with no social phobia. WOEXP: 242.
M. Tillfors; T. Furmark; I. Marteinsdottir; Håkan Fischer; A. Pissiota; B. Langstrom; M. Fredrikson. Cerebral blood flow in subjects with social phobia during stressful speaking tasks: a PET study. American Journal of Psychiatry 158(8):1220-6, 2001. PMID: 11481154. WOBIB: 77.

+12: 0.37009 Silent reading of proper words versus pseudowords. Silent reading of visually presented proper words versus silent reading of pseudowords. WOEXP: 398.
Andrea Mechelli; Karl J. Friston; Cathy J. Price. The effects of presentation rate during word and pseudoword reading: a comparison of PET and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2():145-156, 2000. PMID: 11506654. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564000. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11189. WOBIB: 129.

+13: 0.35593 Nonconscious viewing of faces versus nonconscious encoding of face-word associations. Nonconscious viewing of faces versus nonconscious encoding of brief visual presented face-word pairs where the words indicated occupation. WOEXP: 468.
Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

+14: 0.35501 Successful verbal encoding of "list" body words. Verbal encoding of subsequently remembered words from the body of a list of words versus attempted encoding of forgotten words. WOEXP: 434.
B. A. Strange; L. J. Otten; Oliver Josephs; Michael D. Rugg; Raymond J. Dolan. Dissociable human perirhinal, hippocampal, and parahippocampal roles during verbal encoding. Journal of Neuroscience 22(2):523-528, 2002. PMID: 11784798. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 142.

+15: 0.33929 Sexual arousal - female. Sexual arousal by viewing erotic film excerpts. WOEXP: 10.
Sherif Karama; Andre R. Lecours; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Pierre Bourgouin; Gilles Beaudoin; Sven Joubert; Mario Beauregard. Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts. Human Brain Mapping 16(1):1-13, 2002. PMID: 11870922. WOBIB: 4.

+16: 0.32896 Self-attribution versus other-attribution. The subject moved a joystick, and a cursor on the screen was controlled by the subject using the joystick. WOEXP: 75.
Chlöé Farrer; Chris D. Frith. Experiencing oneself vs another person as being the cause of an action: the neural correlates of the experience of agency. NeuroImage 15(3):596-603, 2002. PMID: 11848702. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1009. WOBIB: 23.

+17: 0.32738 Tics during Tourette's syndrome. Correlation with amount of tics while Tourette patients relaxed with closed eyes. WOEXP: 402.
E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

+18: 0.32628 Deactivations in romantic love. Viewing of colored pictures of three friends of the same sex as their loved partner versus viewing pictures of the faces of boy- or girlfriend (loved once). WOEXP: 177.
Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.

+19: 0.32607 75% disgusted faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% computer-manipulated grey-scale faces with an expression of disgust and with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 222.
Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.

+20: 0.32579 Autobiographical episodic memory. Listening to sentences that contained first person autobiographical episodic infomation versus listening to third-person episodic memories. WOEXP: 209.
G. R. Fink; H. J. Markowitsch; M. Reinkemeier; T. Bruckbauer; J. Kessler; W. D. Heiss. Cerebral representation of one's own past: neural networks involved in autobiographical memory. Journal of Neuroscience 16(13):4275-82, 1996. PMID: 8753888. WOBIB: 68.

+21: 0.32377 Rest versus focused episodic memory. Rest with eyes closed versus recalling a personal event from the past and describing the event aloud. WOEXP: 412.
Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

+22: 0.32295 Right index finger tapping. Right index finger tapping with eight different frequencies cused by a 500Hz sound versus no finger tapping. WOEXP: 510.
Morten Blinkenberg; Christian Bonde; Søren Holm; Claus Svarer; Jimmy Andersen; Olaf B. Paulson; Ian Law. Rate dependence of regional cerebral activation during performance of a repetitive motor task: a PET study. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 16(5):794-803, 1996. PMID: 8784224. DOI: 10.1097/00004647-199609000-00004. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 166.

+23: 0.31741 Implicit Learning of a hidden rule. Implicit learning of an abstract hidden structure in an sequency of visually presented digit and with button press response. WOEXP: 511.
Michael Rose; Hilde Haider; Cornelius Weiller; Christian Buchel. The Role of Medial Temporal Lobe Structures in Implicit Learning: An Event-Related fMRI Study. Neuron 36(6):1221-1231, 2002. PMID: 12495634. DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01105-4. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 167.

+24: 0.31670 100 Hz vibration on left forearm. 100 Hz vibration on ventral surface of the left forearm. WOEXP: 364.
R. C. Coghill; J. D. Talbot; A. C. Evans; Ernst Meyer; Albert Gjedde; M. C. Bushnell; G. H. Duncan. Distributed processing of pain and vibration by the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience 14(7):4095-108, 1994. PMID: 8027764. WOBIB: 117.

+25: 0.31019 Unpleasant emotion. Viewing of unpleasant pictures, such as frightening animals, mutilated bodies, human violence versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 295.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.07273 Photographs and line drawings of houses versus faces and chairs. Conjunction between delayed match-to sample of gray-scale photographs and line drawings versus scrambled pictures and house versus faces and chairs, with matching choice indicated by pressing a button with the right of left thumb. WOEXP: 93.
A. Ishai; L. G. Ungerleider; A. Martin; J. V. Haxby. The representation of objects in the human occipital and temporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2:35-51, 2000. PMID: 11506646. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564055. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-1113D. WOBIB: 28.

-2: -0.07022 Visuospatial stimulus, pooled data. Viewing of dots in one of four displayed boxes versus rest. WOEXP: 351.
B. J. Casey; Jonathan D. Cohen; K. O'Craven; Richard J. Davidson; W. Irwin; C. A. Nelson; D. C. Noll; X. Hu; M. J. Lowe; B. R. Rosen; C. L. Truwitt; P. A. Turski. Reproducibility of fMRI results across four institutions using a spatial working memory task. NeuroImage 8(3):249-261, 1998. PMID: 9758739. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 116.

-3: -0.06551 Intelligence in circle task. Mismatch in a high-g intelligence task determining the odd one of four displayed circles sets with indication by button press with middle and index fingers of the two hands versus a similar task with lower g. WOEXP: 341.
John Duncan; Rüdiger J. Seitz; J. Kolodny; D. Bor; H. Herzog; A. Ahmed; F. N. Newell; H. Emslie. A neural basis for general intelligence. Science 289(5478):457-60, 2000. PMID: 10903207. WOBIB: 110.

-4: -0.06514 Robbery re-experience. Viewing of video showing a previously experienced bank-robbery versus viewing a neutral video with people walking in a park. WOEXP: 321.
Håkan Fischer; G. Wik; M. Fredrikson. Functional neuroanatomy of robbery re-experience: affective memories studied with PET. NeuroReport 7(13):2081-6, 1996. PMID: 8930963. WOBIB: 103.

-5: -0.06379 Right hand grasping. Pick up a small cylinder with the thumb and index finger of the right hand and transfer it to an other area on a visible magnetic black board with beep sounds as movement cues versus holding a pair of tongs while visually fixating. WOEXP: 153.
K. Inoue; R. Kawashima; Motoaki Sugiura; A. Ogawa; T. Schormann; Karl Zilles; Hiroshi Fukuda. Activation in the ipsilateral posterior parietal cortex during tool use: a PET study. NeuroImage 14(6):1469-75, 2001. PMID: 11707103. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0942. WOBIB: 48.

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