WOEXP: 488 - Encoding of word-paires with easy distractor
 
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Encoding of word-paires with easy distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an easy distraction task where a joystick should be moved to completely predictable positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 488.

Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

Cognition,Memory - Encoding
Cognition,Memory - Verbal
WOEXT: 518.

Modality:PET/MRI
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Water
Scanner: CTI, 953B
Number of subjects: 6

Asymmetry: -0.93750 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-56 0 -4 Left superior temporal      
-2 28 28 Left anterior cingulate      
-31 34 8 Left prefrontal      
-2 -62 12 Retrosplenial      

corner cube of volume 488 (Encoding of word-paires with easy distractor)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Encoding of word-paires with easy distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an easy distraction task where a joystick should be moved to completely predictable positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 488.
Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

+2: 0.60332 Encoding of word-paires with difficult distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an difficult distraction task where a joystick should be moved to randomly placed positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 489.
Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

+3: 0.47950 Attended heat pain on left hand. 46 to 49 degrees Celsius hot stimuli on the thenar eminence of the left hand using a peltier thermode versus 40 degrees warm stimuli. WOEXP: 188.
Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+4: 0.45487 Theory of mind stories versus 'physical' stories. Story comprehension during silent reading and question answering of visually presented stories necessitating the attribution of mental states versus reading of stories requiring no attribution of mental states. WOEXP: 520.
Paul C. Fletcher; F Happe; Uta Frith; S. C. Baker; Raymond J. Dolan; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Chris D. Frith. Other minds in the brain: a functional imaging study of "theory of mind" in story comprehension. Cognition 57(2):109-128, 1995. PMID: 8556839. DOI: 10.1016/0010-0277(95)00692-R. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 170.

+5: 0.44404 Associative encoding of familiar associations versus associative encoding of novel associations. Generate of a sentence containing three visually displayed words that had been seen in the same context before versus generating a sentence with words that had not been seen in context before. WOEXP: 439.
Nicola M. Hunkin; Andrew R. Mayes; Lloyd J. Gregory; Amanda K. Nicholas; Julia A. Nunn; Michael J. Brammer; Edward T. Bullmore; Steven C. R. Williams. Novelty-related activation within the medial temporal lobes. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1456-1464, 2002. PMID: 11931949. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 143.

+6: 0.44369 Silent word generation. Silent word generation without articulation from a given category or proper names or objects versus relax and attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 262.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+7: 0.43161 Cold pain on right foot masked by silent word reading. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot with an and mask from silent word reading versus rest with attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 264.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+8: 0.42587 Semantic verbal fluency versus rest. Generate words covertly without articulation cued with a broad category, such as animals, fruits and kitchen utensils. WOEXP: 581.
Eraldo Paulesu; Ben Goldacre; Paola Scifo; Stefano F. Cappa; Maria Carla Gilardi; Isabella Castiglioni; Daniela Perani; Frruccio Fazio. Functional heterogeneity of left inferior frontal cortex as revealed by fMRI. NeuroReport 8(8):2011-2017, 1997. PMID: 9223094. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 185.

+9: 0.41526 Item-related memory during semantic retrieval with word for living versus nonliving things. Semantic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was refering to a living or nonliving thing with right hand button response for living versus nonliving things. WOEXP: 571.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+10: 0.40102 Listening to familiar voices and viewing familiar faces. Listening to familiar voices and viewing familiar faces with right index finger button presses for indication of interruption task versus listening to unfamiliar voices and viewing unfamiliar faces also with button pressing. WOEXP: 200.
N. J. Shah; J. C. Marshall; O. Zafiris; A. Schwab; Karl Zilles; H. J. Markowitsch; G. R. Fink. The neural correlates of person familiarity. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study with clinical implications. Brain 124(Pt 4):804-15, 2001. PMID: 11287379. WOBIB: 64.

+11: 0.39778 Cued recall of familiar people. Group analysis. Auditory cued recall of immediate family members, such as spouse, parents, children, siblings, versus auditory cued recall of unfamiliar people. WOEXP: 290.
R. J. Maddock; A. S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Remembering familiar people: the posterior cingulate cortex and autobiographical memory retrieval. Neuroscience 104(3):667-76, 2001. PMID: 11440800. WOBIB: 90.

+12: 0.38702 Auditory threat-related presented words, subject b. Auditory presentation of threat-related words versus emotionally neutral words. WOEXP: 503.
Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore. Activation of left posterior cingulate gyrus by the auditory presentation of threat-related words: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 75(1):1-14, 1997. PMID: 9287369. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 165.

+13: 0.36391 Silent word reading while cold pain on right foot. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot and silent word reading versus rest with attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 265.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+14: 0.36326 Early phase heat pain. 50 degrees Celsius heat on the left volar forearm starting at the scanning onset versus 40 degrees warm stimulus. WOEXP: 298.
K. L. Casey; T. J. Morrow; J. Lorenz; S. Minoshima. Temporal and spatial dynamics of human forebrain activity during heat pain: analysis by positron emission tomography. Journal of Neurophysiology 85(2):951-9, 2001. PMID: 11160525. WOBIB: 95.

+15: 0.35797 Generate word beginning with given letter versus antonym generation. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus antonym word generation. WOEXP: 32.
E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

+16: 0.35742 Semantic fluency versus phonemic fluency. Generate words covertly without articulation cued with a broad category, such as animals, fruits and kitchen utensils versus cued with a letter. WOEXP: 584.
Eraldo Paulesu; Ben Goldacre; Paola Scifo; Stefano F. Cappa; Maria Carla Gilardi; Isabella Castiglioni; Daniela Perani; Frruccio Fazio. Functional heterogeneity of left inferior frontal cortex as revealed by fMRI. NeuroReport 8(8):2011-2017, 1997. PMID: 9223094. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 185.

+17: 0.35350 Unfair game offers. Unfair monetary offers from a human partner in an ultimatum game versus fair offers. WOEXP: 562.
Alan G. Sanfey; James K. Rilling; Jessica A. Aronson; Leigh E. Nystrom; Jonathan D. Cohen. The Neural Basis of Economic decision-Making in the Ultimatum Game. Science 300(5626):1755-1758, 2003. PMID: 12805551. DOI: 10.1126/science.1082976. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 179.

+18: 0.35226 Distracted heat pain on left hand. 46 to 49 degrees Celsius hot stimuli on the thenar eminence of the left hand using a peltier thermode distracted by a visual motion task with silent counting of the number of partial coherent visual motion blocks versus distract 40 degrees warm stimuli. WOEXP: 189.
Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+19: 0.35045 Generate word beginning with a given letter. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus simple repetition of heard word. WOEXP: 31.
E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

+20: 0.34794 Cold pain with silent word reading versus cold pain. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot distracted by silent word reading versus cold pain. WOEXP: 267.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+21: 0.34536 Threat-related words in panic disorder patients versus controls. Panic disorder patients listening to threat-related words and making silent judgment on the valence versus listening to neutral words and listening to threat-related words in control subjects. WOEXP: 514.
Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore; Shawn J. Kile; Amy S. Garrett. Brain regions showing increased activation by threat-related words in panic disorder. NeuroReport 14(3):325-328, 2003. PMID: 12634477. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 168.

+22: 0.34275 Attended heat pain on right hand. 46 to 49 degrees Celsius hot stimuli on the thenar eminence of the right hand using a peltier thermode versus 40 degrees warm stimuli. WOEXP: 186.
Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+23: 0.34104 Initial-consonant judgement. Initial-consonant judgement from chinese characters presented visually versus font size judgment. WOEXP: 529.
Wai Ting Soik; Zhen Jin; Paul Fletcher; Li Hai Tan. Distinct brain regions associated with syllable and phoneme. Human Brain Mapping 18(3):201-207, 2003. PMID: 12599278. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10094. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 172.

+24: 0.33895 Verbal fluency. Naming words beginning with a given letter while focusing on a cross on a screen versus reading color words. WOEXP: 539.
Barbara Ravnkilde; Poul Videbech; Raben Rosenberg; Albert Gjedde; Anders Gade. Putative Tests of Frontal Lobe Function: A PET-Study of Brain Activation During Stroop's Test and Verbal Fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 24(4):534-547, 2002. PMID: 12187466. DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.534.1033. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 176.

+25: 0.33718 Interaction between hypnosis and pain ratings in hot pain on right hand.. Interaction between hypnosis and increases due to pain rating in hot pain (typically 47 degrees) on the thenar surface of the right hand. WOEXP: 240.
M. E. Faymonville; S. Laureys; C. Degueldre; G. DelFiore; A. Luxen; G. Franck; M. Lamy; P. Maquet. Neural mechanisms of antinociceptive effects of hypnosis. Anesthesiology 92(5):1257-67, 2000. PMID: 10781270. WOBIB: 76.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.06323 Rest versus focused episodic memory. Rest with eyes closed versus recalling a personal event from the past and describing the event aloud. WOEXP: 412.
Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

-2: -0.06128 Tower of London task, fMRI block design model. Determing of the minimum number of moves in one to seven moves Tower of London task versus a zero moves Tower of London task. WOEXP: 440.
Ulrich Schall; Patrick Johnston; Jim Lagopoulos; Markus Juptner; Walter Jentzen; Renate Thienel; Alexandra Dittmann-Balcar; Stefan Bender; Philip B. Ward. Functional brain maps of Tower of London performance: a positron emission tomography and functional magnetic resonance imaging study. NeuroImage 20(2):1154-61, 2003. PMID: 14568484. DOI: 10.1016/S1053-8119(03)00338-0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 144.

-3: -0.05948 Covariation to precuneus during self-reflection. . WOEXP: 107.
Troels Kjaer; Markus Nowak; Hans Lou. Reflective Self-Awareness and Conscious States: PET Evidence for a Common Midline Parietofrontal Core. NeuroImage 17(2):1080, 2002. PMID: 12377180. WOBIB: 31.

-4: -0.05680 Silent reading of proper words versus rest. Silent reading of visually presented proper words versus resting. WOEXP: 395.
Andrea Mechelli; Karl J. Friston; Cathy J. Price. The effects of presentation rate during word and pseudoword reading: a comparison of PET and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2():145-156, 2000. PMID: 11506654. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564000. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11189. WOBIB: 129.

-5: -0.05395 Serotonin synthesis capacity, proportional scaling. Men versus women. Serotonin synthesis rate. WOEXP: 285.
H. Okazawa; M. Leyton; C. Benkelfat; S. Mzengeza; M. Diksic. Statistical mapping analysis of serotonin synthesis images generated in healthy volunteers using positron-emission tomography and alpha-[11C]methyl-L-tryptophan. Journal of Psychiatry Neuroscience 25(4):359-370, 2000. PMID: 11022401. WOBIB: 89.

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