WOEXP: 483 - Sad versus neutral
 
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Sad versus neutral. Recalling of powerful and personal autobiographical emotional episodes invoking sadness versus recalling emotionally neutral life episodes. WOEXP: 483.

Mario Pelletier; Alain Bouthillier; Johanne Levesque; Serge Carrier; Claude Breault; Vincent Paquette; Boualem Mensour; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Gilles Beaudoin; Pierre Bourgouin; Mario Beauregard. Separate neural circuits for primary emotions? Brain activity during self-induced sadness and happiness in professional actors. NeuroReport 14(8):1111-1116, 2003. PMID: 12821792. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000075421.59944.69. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 157.

Emotion - Sadness
WOEXT: 288.

Modality:fMRI
Measured variable: BOLD
Tracer:
Scanner: Siemens, Magnetom Vision 1.5T
Number of subjects: 9

Asymmetry: -0.49219 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-38 48 -10 Left orbitofrontal      
-50 33 -8 Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex      
6 58 0 Right medial prefrontal cortex      
-6 58 -1 Left medial prefrontal cortex      
36 50 -10 Right orbitofrontal      
2 -33 -26 Right pons      
-4 -34 -23 Left pons      
-48 6 -26 Left anterior temporal pole      

corner cube of volume 483 (Sad versus neutral)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Sad versus neutral. Recalling of powerful and personal autobiographical emotional episodes invoking sadness versus recalling emotionally neutral life episodes. WOEXP: 483.
Mario Pelletier; Alain Bouthillier; Johanne Levesque; Serge Carrier; Claude Breault; Vincent Paquette; Boualem Mensour; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Gilles Beaudoin; Pierre Bourgouin; Mario Beauregard. Separate neural circuits for primary emotions? Brain activity during self-induced sadness and happiness in professional actors. NeuroReport 14(8):1111-1116, 2003. PMID: 12821792. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000075421.59944.69. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 157.

+2: 0.86386 Happy versus neutral. Recalling of powerful and personal autobiographical emotional episodes invoking happiness versus recalling emotionally neutral life episodes. WOEXP: 484.
Mario Pelletier; Alain Bouthillier; Johanne Levesque; Serge Carrier; Claude Breault; Vincent Paquette; Boualem Mensour; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Gilles Beaudoin; Pierre Bourgouin; Mario Beauregard. Separate neural circuits for primary emotions? Brain activity during self-induced sadness and happiness in professional actors. NeuroReport 14(8):1111-1116, 2003. PMID: 12821792. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000075421.59944.69. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 157.

+3: 0.52257 Happy versus sad. Recalling of powerful and personal autobiographical emotional episodes invoking happiness versus recalling sad episodes. WOEXP: 486.
Mario Pelletier; Alain Bouthillier; Johanne Levesque; Serge Carrier; Claude Breault; Vincent Paquette; Boualem Mensour; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Gilles Beaudoin; Pierre Bourgouin; Mario Beauregard. Separate neural circuits for primary emotions? Brain activity during self-induced sadness and happiness in professional actors. NeuroReport 14(8):1111-1116, 2003. PMID: 12821792. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000075421.59944.69. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 157.

+4: 0.45524 Pleasant words. Silent judgement of auditorily presented pleasant arousing words versus matched neutral words. WOEXP: 133.
Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

+5: 0.38645 Reflective self-awareness on physical appearance. Reflection on one's own physical appearance versus reflection on the physical appearance of a famous third person. WOEXP: 105.
Troels Kjaer; Markus Nowak; Hans Lou. Reflective Self-Awareness and Conscious States: PET Evidence for a Common Midline Parietofrontal Core. NeuroImage 17(2):1080, 2002. PMID: 12377180. WOBIB: 31.

+6: 0.38145 Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias versus neural cue. Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias where a centrally presented diamond on the screen indicated valid cues for a peripheral target and where the response was significantly faster versus nondirectional cues. Response was made by pushing a button.. WOEXP: 201.
D. M. Small; D. R. Gitelman; M. D. Gregory; A. C. Nobre; T. B. Parrish; M-M Mesulam. The posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex mediate the anticipatory allocation of spatial attention. NeuroImage 18(3):633-41, 2003. PMID: 12667840. WOBIB: 65.

+7: 0.37516 Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias versus without anticipatory bias. Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy with anticipatory bias where a centrally presented diamond on the screen indicated valid cues for a peripheral target and where the response was significantly faster versus trials where response was not significantly faster. Response was made by pushing a button.. WOEXP: 202.
D. M. Small; D. R. Gitelman; M. D. Gregory; A. C. Nobre; T. B. Parrish; M-M Mesulam. The posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex mediate the anticipatory allocation of spatial attention. NeuroImage 18(3):633-41, 2003. PMID: 12667840. WOBIB: 65.

+8: 0.36666 Decreased activity during REM sleep. Slow-wave sleep or wakefull-state versus REM sleep. WOEXP: 301.
P. Maquet; J. Peters; J. Aerts; G. Delfiore; C. Degueldre; A. Luxen; G. Franck. Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. Nature 383(6596):163-6, 1996. PMID: 8774879. WOBIB: 96.

+9: 0.35235 Chronic facial pain versus no pain after thalamic stimulation. Chronic pain in the right side of the face versus no pain after thalamic stimulation in the left ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (-7, -20, +2). WOEXP: 193.
Ron C. Kupers; J. M. Gybels; Albert Gjedde. Positron emission tomography study of a chronic pain patient successfully treated with somatosensory thalamic stimulation. Pain 87(3):295-302, 2000. PMID: 10963909. WOBIB: 62.

+10: 0.35234 Categorization of artefacts. Categorization of visually presented artefacts versus categorization of natural objects, naming of artefacts and pattern discrimination. WOEXP: 114.
Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. The role of action knowledge in the comprehension of artefacts--a PET study. NeuroImage 15(1):143-52, 2002. PMID: 11771982. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2002.0969. WOBIB: 34.

+11: 0.35228 Semantic versus syllable counting via case judgment. Decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete with right hand response button press versus syllable counting with case judgment as double subtracted. WOEXP: 558.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+12: 0.35067 Case versus semantic. Decision based on the case of the letters in the word with right hand button press versuswhether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete. WOEXP: 551.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+13: 0.34679 Verbal intelligence. Mismatch in a high-g intelligence task determining the odd one of four displayed letter sets with indication by button press with middle and index fingers of the two hands versus a similar task with lower g. WOEXP: 340.
John Duncan; Rüdiger J. Seitz; J. Kolodny; D. Bor; H. Herzog; A. Ahmed; F. N. Newell; H. Emslie. A neural basis for general intelligence. Science 289(5478):457-60, 2000. PMID: 10903207. WOBIB: 110.

+14: 0.33959 Interaction between category (artefact versus natural) and task type (categorization versus naming). Object naming and categorization of visually presented artefacts and natural objects. WOEXP: 115.
Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. The role of action knowledge in the comprehension of artefacts--a PET study. NeuroImage 15(1):143-52, 2002. PMID: 11771982. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2002.0969. WOBIB: 34.

+15: 0.33529 Sad versus sad. Recalling of powerful and personal autobiographical emotional episodes invoking sadness versus recalling happy episodes. WOEXP: 485.
Mario Pelletier; Alain Bouthillier; Johanne Levesque; Serge Carrier; Claude Breault; Vincent Paquette; Boualem Mensour; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Gilles Beaudoin; Pierre Bourgouin; Mario Beauregard. Separate neural circuits for primary emotions? Brain activity during self-induced sadness and happiness in professional actors. NeuroReport 14(8):1111-1116, 2003. PMID: 12821792. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000075421.59944.69. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 157.

+16: 0.33373 Evaluative judgment versus episodic memory retrieval. Evaluative judgment from visually sentences with a yes/no response using right fingers versus episodic memory retrieval. WOEXP: 378.
Stefan Zysset; Oswald Huber; Evelyn Ferstl; D. Y. von Cramon. The anterior frontomedian cortex and evaluative judgment: an fMRI study. NeuroImage 15(4):983-91, 2002. PMID: 11906238. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1008. WOBIB: 121.

+17: 0.33260 Warmth on left arm. 43 degrees warm stimuli on six separate sites on the left volar forearm versus 36 degrees stimuli. WOEXP: 318.
K. L. Casey; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; R. A. Koeppe. Comparison of human cerebral activation pattern during cutaneous warmth, heat pain, and deep cold pain. Journal of Neurophysiology 76(1):571-81, 1996. PMID: 8836245. WOBIB: 102.

+18: 0.33123 Visual artefact object. Decision or categorization of visual artefact. WOEXP: 5.
Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. Categorization and category effects in normal object recognition: a PET study. Neuropsychologia 38(13):1693-703, 2000. PMID: 11099727. WOBIB: 2.

+19: 0.32347 Covariation to anterior cingulate gyrus during self-reflection. . WOEXP: 108.
Troels Kjaer; Markus Nowak; Hans Lou. Reflective Self-Awareness and Conscious States: PET Evidence for a Common Midline Parietofrontal Core. NeuroImage 17(2):1080, 2002. PMID: 12377180. WOBIB: 31.

+20: 0.28754 Negative affect, study 2. Correlation between resting state blood flow and Negative Affect as the self-rated factor for irritability, anxiety and anger measured by Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule. WOEXP: 461.
David H. Zald; Dorothy L. Mattson; Jose V. Pardo. Brain activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with individual differences in negative affect. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4):2450-2454, 2002. PMID: 11842195. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.042457199. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 150.

+21: 0.27989 Subject 1: Answering self-reflective questions versus answering semantic questions. Self-reflective and semantic yes/no questions posed through headphones were answered with button press. WOEXP: 54.
Sterling C. Johnson; Leslie C. Baxter; Lana S. Wilder; James G. Pipe; Joseph E. Heiserman; George P. Prigatano. Neural correlates of self-reflection. Brain 125(Pt 8):1808-14, 2002. PMID: 12135971. WOBIB: 20.

+22: 0.27557 Subject 2: Answering self-reflective questions versus answering semantic questions. Self-reflective and semantic yes/no questions posed through headphones were answered with button press. WOEXP: 55.
Sterling C. Johnson; Leslie C. Baxter; Lana S. Wilder; James G. Pipe; Joseph E. Heiserman; George P. Prigatano. Neural correlates of self-reflection. Brain 125(Pt 8):1808-14, 2002. PMID: 12135971. WOBIB: 20.

+23: 0.27200 Subject 3: Answering self-reflective questions versus answering semantic questions. Self-reflective and semantic yes/no questions posed through headphones were answered with button press. WOEXP: 56.
Sterling C. Johnson; Leslie C. Baxter; Lana S. Wilder; James G. Pipe; Joseph E. Heiserman; George P. Prigatano. Neural correlates of self-reflection. Brain 125(Pt 8):1808-14, 2002. PMID: 12135971. WOBIB: 20.

+24: 0.27017 Smelling. Sniffing with the presence of an odorant and button response in accordance with instructions presented on a screen versus sniffing witout an odorant. WOEXP: 495.
Noam Sobel; V. Prabhakaran; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; R. L. Goode; Edith V. Sullivan; John D. E. Gabrieli. Sniffing and smelling: separate subsystems in the human olfactory cortex. Nature 392(6673):282-286, 1998. PMID: 9521322. DOI: 10.1038/32654. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 162.

+25: 0.26442 Case judgment versus syllable counting. Case judgment of letters from visually presented words with button press versus counting the number of syllables in a visually presented word. WOEXP: 553.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.08836 Alzheimer's disease versus healthy. Patients with Alzheimer's disease in mental resting state versus matched healthy controls. WOEXP: 291.
Gene E. Alexander; Kewei Chen; Pietro Pietrini; Stanley I. Rapoport; Eric M. Reiman. Longitudinal PET Evaluation of Cerebral Metabolic Decline in Dementia: A Potential Outcome Measure in Alzheimer's Disease Treatment Studies. American Journal of Psychiatry 159(5):738-45, 2002. PMID: 11986126. WOBIB: 91.

-2: -0.08452 Silent reading of proper words versus rest. Silent reading of visually presented proper words versus resting. WOEXP: 395.
Andrea Mechelli; Karl J. Friston; Cathy J. Price. The effects of presentation rate during word and pseudoword reading: a comparison of PET and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2():145-156, 2000. PMID: 11506654. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564000. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11189. WOBIB: 129.

-3: -0.07898 Item specific learning. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 46.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-4: -0.07793 Saccades. Reflexive saccades to a peripheral visual stimuli with return to center versus central fixation with no peripheral distraction. WOEXP: 418.
Ian Law; Claus Svarer; Sĝren Holm; Olaf B. Paulson. The activation pattern in normal humans during suppression, imagination and performance of saccadic eye movements. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 161(3):419-434, 1997. PMID: 9401596. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 135.

-5: -0.07598 Visually guided saccades. Visually guided saccadic eye movements by following an white spot on a screen unpredictably right and left jumping along the horizontal meridian versus central fixation. WOEXP: 150.
R. A. Berman; C. L. Colby; C. R. Genovese; J. T. Voyvodic; B. Luna; K. R. Thulborn; J. A. Sweeney. Cortical networks subserving pursuit and saccadic eye movements in humans: an FMRI study. Human Brain Mapping 8(4):209-25, 1999. PMID: 10619415. WOBIB: 46.

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