WOEXP: 409 - Happy recitation in non-religious subjects
 
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Happy recitation in non-religious subjects. Happy recitation of a German children's nursery rhyme with eyes closed in non-religious subjects. WOEXP: 409.

N. P. Azari; J. Nickel; G. Wunderlich; M. Niedeggen; H. Hefter; L. Tellmann; H. Herzog; P. Stoerig; D. Birnbacher; Rüdiger J. Seitz. Neural correlates of religious experience. European Journal of Neuroscience 13(8):1649-52, 2001. PMID: 11328359. DOI: 10.1046/j.0953-816x.2001.01527.x. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 132.

Emotion - Happiness
WOEXT: 314.

Modality:PET
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Butanol
Scanner: Siemens, ECAT EXACT HR
Number of subjects: 6

Asymmetry: -0.50000 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-20 -9 -18 Left amygdala      

corner cube of volume 409 (Happy recitation in non-religious subjects)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Happy recitation in non-religious subjects. Happy recitation of a German children's nursery rhyme with eyes closed in non-religious subjects. WOEXP: 409.
N. P. Azari; J. Nickel; G. Wunderlich; M. Niedeggen; H. Hefter; L. Tellmann; H. Herzog; P. Stoerig; D. Birnbacher; Rüdiger J. Seitz. Neural correlates of religious experience. European Journal of Neuroscience 13(8):1649-52, 2001. PMID: 11328359. DOI: 10.1046/j.0953-816x.2001.01527.x. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 132.

+2: 0.98076 Happy faces correlated with extraversion. Categorization of happy face correlated with extraversion NEO personality trait. WOEXP: 482.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+3: 0.77966 Ambiguous threat. Faces displaying ambiguous threat by anger face with averted gaze and fear faces with direct gaze versus anger faces with direct gaze and fear faces with averted gaze. WOEXP: 277.
Reginald B. J. Adams; Heather L. Gordon; Abigail A. Baird; Nalini Ambady; Robert E. Kleck. Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 300(5625):1536, 2003. PMID: 12791983. DOI: 10.1126/science.1082244. WOBIB: 86.

+4: 0.73598 Successful verbal encoding of initial items in a list. Verbal encoding of subsequently remembered words which are in the initial part of the list versus forgotten initial items. WOEXP: 436.
B. A. Strange; L. J. Otten; Oliver Josephs; Michael D. Rugg; Raymond J. Dolan. Dissociable human perirhinal, hippocampal, and parahippocampal roles during verbal encoding. Journal of Neuroscience 22(2):523-528, 2002. PMID: 11784798. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 142.

+5: 0.68661 Memory retrieval with personal relevance and temporal specificity. Interaction between memory retrieval of temporal specificity and person relevance versus nontemporal and nonpersonal memory retrieval and sets of word listening. WOEXP: 244.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+6: 0.66588 Fearful faces. Categorization of fearful face versus happy faces. WOEXP: 481.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+7: 0.65535 Controls versus London taxi drivers. Gray matter volume in controls not driving taxi versus London taxi drivers with extensive navigation experience versus controls. WOEXP: 197.
Eleanor A. Maguire; D. G. Gadian; I. S. Johnsrude; C. D. Good; J. Ashburner; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith. Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97(8):4398-403, 2000. PMID: 10716738. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.070039597. WOBIB: 63.

+8: 0.64502 75% fearful faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% fearful grey-scale faces with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 220.
Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.

+9: 0.64316 Sniffing. 1.5s sniffing of non-odorized clean air to the instructions on a screen. WOEXP: 494.
Noam Sobel; V. Prabhakaran; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; R. L. Goode; Edith V. Sullivan; John D. E. Gabrieli. Sniffing and smelling: separate subsystems in the human olfactory cortex. Nature 392(6673):282-286, 1998. PMID: 9521322. DOI: 10.1038/32654. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 162.

+10: 0.63094 Unpleasant emotion. Viewing of unpleasant pictures, such as frightening animals, mutilated bodies, human violence versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 295.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.

+11: 0.54367 Thalamic stimulation for pain relief. Thalamic stimulation in the left ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (-7, -20, +2) for facial pain relief versus after stimulation an still with no pain. WOEXP: 195.
Ron C. Kupers; J. M. Gybels; Albert Gjedde. Positron emission tomography study of a chronic pain patient successfully treated with somatosensory thalamic stimulation. Pain 87(3):295-302, 2000. PMID: 10963909. WOBIB: 62.

+12: 0.52935 Successful verbal encoding of "list" body words. Verbal encoding of subsequently remembered words from the body of a list of words versus attempted encoding of forgotten words. WOEXP: 434.
B. A. Strange; L. J. Otten; Oliver Josephs; Michael D. Rugg; Raymond J. Dolan. Dissociable human perirhinal, hippocampal, and parahippocampal roles during verbal encoding. Journal of Neuroscience 22(2):523-528, 2002. PMID: 11784798. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 142.

+13: 0.45569 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with old words versus new. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 567.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+14: 0.42334 Basic level object naming versus domain level object naming. Silent object naming on the "basic" level from visually presented colored pictures versus "domain" level object naming. WOEXP: 445.
L. K. Tyler; E. A. Stamatakis; P. Bright; K. Acres; S. Abdallah; J. M. Rodd; H. E. Moss. Processing objects at different levels of specificity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16(3):351-362, 2004. PMID: 15072671. DOI: 10.1162/089892904322926692. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 145.

+15: 0.38806 Increased activity during REM sleep. REM sleep versus slow-wave sleep or wakefull-state. WOEXP: 300.
P. Maquet; J. Peters; J. Aerts; G. Delfiore; C. Degueldre; A. Luxen; G. Franck. Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. Nature 383(6596):163-6, 1996. PMID: 8774879. WOBIB: 96.

+16: 0.38144 Sadness from films. Sadness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving grieving a friend who committed suicide by hanging versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 544.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+17: 0.37845 Passive versus active. Hypothesis generation and testing group versus hypothesis generation group. Passive state with simulus versus active states in connection with visual information processing task: same-different discrimination, visual search, spatial attention, language, memory, cross-modal imagery. Areas where changes where seen in the combined hypothesis generation and testing group but not in the hypothesis generation group alone. WOEXP: 532.
Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.

+18: 0.37355 Sexual arousal - female. Sexual arousal by viewing erotic film excerpts. WOEXP: 10.
Sherif Karama; Andre R. Lecours; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Pierre Bourgouin; Gilles Beaudoin; Sven Joubert; Mario Beauregard. Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts. Human Brain Mapping 16(1):1-13, 2002. PMID: 11870922. WOBIB: 4.

+19: 0.36273 Fearful body expression. Viewing videos og fearful whole-body expressions versus viewing emotionally neural action. WOEXP: 471.
Nouchine Hadjikhani; Beatrice de Gelder. Seeing fearful body expressions activates the fusiform cortex and amygdala. Current Biology 13(24):2201-2205, 2003. PMID: 14680638. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2003.11.049. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 153.

+20: 0.35407 Smelling. Smelling birhinally to eight different odorants versus smelling to odourless cotton wand. WOEXP: 487.
Robert J. Zatorre; Marilyn Jones-Gotman; Alan C. Evans; Ernst Meyer. Functional localization and lateralization of human olfactory cortex. Nature 360(6402):339-340, 1992. PMID: 1448149. DOI: 10.1038/360339a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 158.

+21: 0.35163 Sexual arousal - male. Sexual arousal by viewing erotic film excerpts. WOEXP: 9.
Sherif Karama; Andre R. Lecours; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Pierre Bourgouin; Gilles Beaudoin; Sven Joubert; Mario Beauregard. Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts. Human Brain Mapping 16(1):1-13, 2002. PMID: 11870922. WOBIB: 4.

+22: 0.32975 Memory retrieval. Memory retrieval of temporal, nontemporal, person relevant and irrelevant memories by listening to statements and responding with key press versus listening sets of words and pressing a button depending on number of syllables in last word. WOEXP: 243.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+23: 0.32576 Happiness from films. Happiness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving a joyous romantic reconciliation versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 543.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+24: 0.31749 Meditation versus resting. Yoga Nidra: Combined meditative stages. WOEXP: 71.
Hans C. Lou; Troels W. Kjaer; Lars Friberg; G. Wildschiodtz; Sĝren Holm; Markus Nowak. A 15O-H2O PET study of meditation and the resting state of normal consciousness. Human Brain Mapping 7(2):98-105, 1999. PMID: 9950067. WOBIB: 22.

+25: 0.31305 Episodic memory retrieval versus semantic. Episodic memory retrieval by judging visually sentences with a yes/no response using right fingers versus semantic knowledge retrieval. WOEXP: 374.
Stefan Zysset; Oswald Huber; Evelyn Ferstl; D. Y. von Cramon. The anterior frontomedian cortex and evaluative judgment: an fMRI study. NeuroImage 15(4):983-91, 2002. PMID: 11906238. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1008. WOBIB: 121.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.04432 Nonconscious encoding of face-word associations. Nonconscious encoding of brief visual presented face-word pairs where the words indicated occupation versus nonconscious viewing of faces. WOEXP: 467.
Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

-2: -0.04313 Feign digit memory impairment. Feigning memory impairment in digit memory versus accurate recall. WOEXP: 124.
Tatia M. C. Lee; Ho-Ling Liu; Li-Hai Tan; Chetwyn C. H. Chan; Srikanth Mahankali; Ching-Mei Feng; Jinwen Hou; Peter T. Fox; Jia-Hong Gao. Lie detection by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Human Brain Mapping 15(3):157-64, 2002. PMID: 11835606. WOBIB: 37.

-3: -0.04025 Visuospatial 2-back, Pittsburgh site. Viewing of dots in one of four displayed boxes with button pressing for indicating where the dot occured two trials back versus pressing buttons in zero-back. WOEXP: 355.
B. J. Casey; Jonathan D. Cohen; K. O'Craven; Richard J. Davidson; W. Irwin; C. A. Nelson; D. C. Noll; X. Hu; M. J. Lowe; B. R. Rosen; C. L. Truwitt; P. A. Turski. Reproducibility of fMRI results across four institutions using a spatial working memory task. NeuroImage 8(3):249-261, 1998. PMID: 9758739. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 116.

-4: -0.03904 Skill learning: Early mirror-reading versus late mirror-reading. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 45.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-5: -0.03829 Spatial intelligence. Mismatch in a high-g intelligence task determining the odd one of four displayed drawings with indication by button press with middle and index fingers of the two hands versus a similar task with lower g. WOEXP: 339.
John Duncan; Rüdiger J. Seitz; J. Kolodny; D. Bor; H. Herzog; A. Ahmed; F. N. Newell; H. Emslie. A neural basis for general intelligence. Science 289(5478):457-60, 2000. PMID: 10903207. WOBIB: 110.

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