WOEXP: 402 - Tics during Tourette's syndrome
 
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Tics during Tourette's syndrome. Correlation with amount of tics while Tourette patients relaxed with closed eyes. WOEXP: 402.

E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

Disease - Tourette's syndrome
WOEXT: 430.

Modality:PET
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Water
Scanner: Siemens, 953B
Number of subjects: 6

Asymmetry: 0.30996 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-46 -12 28 Precentral gyrus      
-46 -4 20 Precentral gyrus      
-44 4 12 Middle frontal gyrus      
-32 40 20 Middle frontal gyrus      
-26 36 28 Superior frontal gyrus      
-32 32 24 Middle frontal gyrus      
-30 10 0 Claustrum/insula      
-38 26 16 Inferior frontal gyrus      
-22 2 0 Putamen      
-34 -32 40 Inferior parietal lobule      
-22 20 28 Anterior cingulate gyrus      
46 -8 28 Precentral gyrus      
36 -38 4 Adjacent caudate (tail), posterior insula      
46 -22 4 Superior temporal gyrus      
48 -36 8 Superior temporal gyrus      
38 -26 0 Insula      
38 4 8 Insula      
0 14 44 Medial frontal gyrus      
2 4 20 Adjacent anterior cingulate      
8 16 40 Anterior cingulate      
42 -28 28 Inferior parietal lobule      
4 12 16 Caudate (head)      
28 -24 44 Postcentral gyrus      
10 0 8 Anterior thalamus/caudate (head)      
34 -2 4 Claustrum/insula      

corner cube of volume 402 (Tics during Tourette's syndrome)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Tics during Tourette's syndrome. Correlation with amount of tics while Tourette patients relaxed with closed eyes. WOEXP: 402.
E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

+2: 0.59788 Distracted heat pain on left hand. 46 to 49 degrees Celsius hot stimuli on the thenar eminence of the left hand using a peltier thermode distracted by a visual motion task with silent counting of the number of partial coherent visual motion blocks versus distract 40 degrees warm stimuli. WOEXP: 189.
Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+3: 0.58706 Cold pain in left hand. Left hand immersed in cold circulating water with a temperature of 0-0.5 degrees Celsius while either fixating or engaged in a externally driven perceptual maze task versus immersion in 19 degrees Celsius water and fixating or performing the maze task. WOEXP: 184.
P. Petrovic; K. M. Petersson; P. H. Ghatan; S. Stone-Elander; M. Ingvar. Pain-related cerebral activation is altered by a distracting cognitive task. Pain 85(1-2):19-30, 2000. PMID: 10692599. WOBIB: 58.

+4: 0.53606 Painful stimulation of the left hand. Painful stimulation of the left hand by laser. WOEXP: 34.
X. Xu; H. Fukuyama; S. Yazawa; T. Mima; T. Hanakawa; Y. Magata; M. Kanda; N. Fujiwara; K. Shindo; T. Nagamine; H. Shibasaki. Functional localization of pain perception in the human brain studied by PET. NeuroReport 8(2):555-559, 1997. PMID: 9080447. WOBIB: 13.

+5: 0.52838 Attended heat pain on left hand. 46 to 49 degrees Celsius hot stimuli on the thenar eminence of the left hand using a peltier thermode versus 40 degrees warm stimuli. WOEXP: 188.
Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+6: 0.50472 Cold pain on right foot. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot versus rest with attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 263.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+7: 0.50171 Auditory oddball. Frequent 1000Hz tones interrupted by infrequent oddball 1500Hz tones which should result in button press. WOEXP: 53.
Silvina Horovitz; Pawel Skudlarski; John Gore. Correlations and dissociations between BOLD signal and P300 amplitude in an auditory oddball task: a parametric approach to combining fMRI and ERP. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 20(4):319, 2002. PMID: 12165350. WOBIB: 19.

+8: 0.49936 Mildly depressed cancer patients. Cancer patients that might be mildly depressed versus patients with chronic hepatitis. WOEXP: 293.
M. Tashiro; F. D. Juengling; M. J. Reinhardt; I. Brink; S. Hoegerle; M. Mix; K. Kubota; K. Yamaguchi; M. Itoh; H. Sasaki; E. Moser; E. U. Nitzsche. Reproducibility of PET brain mapping of cancer patients. Psychooncology 9(2):157-63, 2000. PMID: 10767753. WOBIB: 92.

+9: 0.49307 Silent word reading while cold pain on right foot. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot and silent word reading versus rest with attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 265.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+10: 0.49205 Visuospatial 0-back, Pittsburgh site. Viewing of dots in one of four displayed boxes with button pressing for indicating where the dot appears versus viewing dots in alternating boxes. WOEXP: 359.
B. J. Casey; Jonathan D. Cohen; K. O'Craven; Richard J. Davidson; W. Irwin; C. A. Nelson; D. C. Noll; X. Hu; M. J. Lowe; B. R. Rosen; C. L. Truwitt; P. A. Turski. Reproducibility of fMRI results across four institutions using a spatial working memory task. NeuroImage 8(3):249-261, 1998. PMID: 9758739. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 116.

+11: 0.47854 Heat pain on left hand. Heat pain on dorsal surface of the left hand with and without a Stroop task versus warm. WOEXP: 312.
Brent A. Vogt; Stuart Derbyshire; Anthony K. Jones. Pain processing in four regions of human cingulate cortex localized with co-registered PET and MR imaging. European Journal of Neuroscience 8(7):1461-73, 1996. PMID: 8758953. WOBIB: 100.

+12: 0.47067 Painful stimulation of the left foot. Painful stimulation of the left foot by laser. WOEXP: 35.
X. Xu; H. Fukuyama; S. Yazawa; T. Mima; T. Hanakawa; Y. Magata; M. Kanda; N. Fujiwara; K. Shindo; T. Nagamine; H. Shibasaki. Functional localization of pain perception in the human brain studied by PET. NeuroReport 8(2):555-559, 1997. PMID: 9080447. WOBIB: 13.

+13: 0.45649 Romantic love. Viewing of colored pictures of the faces of boy- or girlfriend (loved once) versus viewing of colored pictures of three friends of the same sex as their loved partner. WOEXP: 176.
Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.

+14: 0.44875 Late phase heat pain. 50 degrees Celsius heat on the left volar forearm starting 40 seconds prior to the scanning onset versus 40 degrees warm stimulus. WOEXP: 299.
K. L. Casey; T. J. Morrow; J. Lorenz; S. Minoshima. Temporal and spatial dynamics of human forebrain activity during heat pain: analysis by positron emission tomography. Journal of Neurophysiology 85(2):951-9, 2001. PMID: 11160525. WOBIB: 95.

+15: 0.44029 Heat pain - female. 50 degrees heat pain on the left forearm of females versus 40 degrees stimulus. WOEXP: 368.
P. E. Paulson; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; K. L. Casey. Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of cerebral activation during noxious heat stimulation in humans. Pain 76(1-2):223-9, 1998. PMID: 9696477. WOBIB: 118.

+16: 0.43724 Familiar faces. Viewing familiar faces an indicating success with a button press versus viewing unfamiliar faces. WOEXP: 305.
Mary L. Phillips; E. T. Bullmore; R. Howard; P. W. Woodruff; I. C. Wright; Steven C. R. Williams; A. Simmons; C. Andrew; M. Brammer; Anthony S. David. Investigation of facial recognition memory and happy and sad facial expression perception: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 83(3):127-38, 1998. PMID: 9849722. WOBIB: 98.

+17: 0.43659 Novelty seeking. Positive correlation with novelty seeking as assessed with the Japanese version of the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory. WOEXP: 457.
Motoaki Sugiura; Ryuta Kawashima; Manabu Nakagawa; Ken Okada; Tachio Sato; Ryoi Goto; Kazunori Sato; Shuichi Ono; Torsten Schormann; Karl Zilles; Hiroshi Fukuda. Correlation between human personality and neural activity in cerebral cortex. NeuroImage 11(5 Pt 1):541-546, 2000. PMID: 10806039. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2000.0564. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 149.

+18: 0.43640 Pseudoword syllable counting versus semantic judgment via case judgment. Syllable counting of visually presented pseudowords and button press with right hand versus decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete with case judgment as double subtraction. WOEXP: 561.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+19: 0.43613 Pseudoword syllable counting versus case judgment. Counting the number of syllables in a visually presented pseudoword versus decision based on the case of the letters in the word. WOEXP: 556.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+20: 0.41930 Encoding of word-paires with difficult distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an difficult distraction task where a joystick should be moved to randomly placed positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 489.
Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

+21: 0.41883 Generate word beginning with a given letter. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus simple repetition of heard word. WOEXP: 31.
E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

+22: 0.41675 Multimodal sensory change. Change between stimuli that are either visual, auditory or tactile. WOEXP: 456.
J. Downar; A. P. Crawley; D. J. Mikulis; K. D. Davis. A multimodal cortical network for the detection of changes in the sensory environment. Nature Neuroscience 3(3):277-283, 2000. PMID: 10700261. DOI: 10.1038/72991. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 148.

+23: 0.41622 Phonemic verbal fluency versus rest. Generate words covertly without articulation cued with a given letter. WOEXP: 582.
Eraldo Paulesu; Ben Goldacre; Paola Scifo; Stefano F. Cappa; Maria Carla Gilardi; Isabella Castiglioni; Daniela Perani; Frruccio Fazio. Functional heterogeneity of left inferior frontal cortex as revealed by fMRI. NeuroReport 8(8):2011-2017, 1997. PMID: 9223094. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 185.

+24: 0.41398 Rhyme judgement and nonlinear ('convex') response in rapid auditory processing. Conjunction between rhyme judgment of visually presented words pairs and nonlinear (reverse U-shaped) response as a function of compression/presentation speed of auditorily presented sentences that were to be determine semantically true with button press. WOEXP: 526.
Russell A. Poldrack; Elise Temple; Athanassios Protopapas; Srikantan Nagarajan; Paula Tallal; Michael Merzenich; John D. E. Gabrieli. Relations Between the Neural Bases of Dynamic Auditory Processing and Phonological Processing: Evidence from fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 13(5):687-697, 2001. PMID: 11506664. FMRIDCID: 2-2001-111KR. WOBIB: 171.

+25: 0.41316 Subliminal visual verbal stimulus versus supraliminar visual verbal stimulus. Short visual verbal with intended supraliminal (86ms) and intended subliminal (43ms) stimuli. WOEXP: 190.
Troels W. Kjaer; M. Nowak; K. W. Kjaer; A. R. Lou; Hans C. Lou. Precuneus-prefrontal activity during awareness of visual verbal stimuli. Consciousness and cognition 10(3):356-365, 2001. PMID: 11697869. DOI: 10.1006/ccog.2001.0509. WOBIB: 21.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.07709 Item specific learning. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 46.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-2: -0.07513 Robbery re-experience. Viewing of video showing a previously experienced bank-robbery versus viewing a neutral video with people walking in a park. WOEXP: 321.
Håkan Fischer; G. Wik; M. Fredrikson. Functional neuroanatomy of robbery re-experience: affective memories studied with PET. NeuroReport 7(13):2081-6, 1996. PMID: 8930963. WOBIB: 103.

-3: -0.07195 Resting (group II). Awake resting state with eyes closed versus goal-directed task. WOEXP: 179.
Marcus E. Raichle; A. M. MacLeod; A. Z. Snyder; W. J. Powers; D. A. Gusnard; Gordon L. Shulman. A default mode of brain function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98(2):676-82, 2001. PMID: 11209064. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.98.2.676. WOBIB: 55.

-4: -0.07069 Photographs and line drawings of houses versus faces and chairs. Conjunction between delayed match-to sample of gray-scale photographs and line drawings versus scrambled pictures and house versus faces and chairs, with matching choice indicated by pressing a button with the right of left thumb. WOEXP: 93.
A. Ishai; L. G. Ungerleider; A. Martin; J. V. Haxby. The representation of objects in the human occipital and temporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2:35-51, 2000. PMID: 11506646. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564055. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-1113D. WOBIB: 28.

-5: -0.07022 Mental transformation of size. One-back match-to-sample task with different sized line pattern versus matching of same size line patterns. WOEXP: 100.
A. Larsen; C. Bundesen; S. Kyllingsbaek; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Brain activation during mental transformation of size. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12(5):763-74, 2000. PMID: 11054919. WOBIB: 30.

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