WOEXP: 36 - Divided attention versus focused attention
 
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Divided attention versus focused attention. Either attend to both ears or attend to left or right ear and press a button when the target stimulus appeared. WOEXP: 36.

K. Hugdahl; Ian Law; S. Kyllingsbaek; K. Bronnick; Anders Gade; Olaf B. Paulson. Effects of attention on dichotic listening: an 15O-PET study. Human Brain Mapping 10(2):87-97, 2000. PMID: 10864233. WOBIB: 14.

Cognition,Attention - Divided
Perception,Audition - Consonant-vowel
Perception,Audition - Music
WOEXT: 567.

Modality:PET
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Water
Scanner: GE Medical Systems, Advance
Number of subjects: 12

Asymmetry: 0.37500 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
61 -19 1 Right superior and middle temporal gyrus      
50 -3 -27 Right temporal pole      
-55 -4 -5 Left superior and middle temporal gyrus      

corner cube of volume 36 (Divided attention versus focused attention)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Divided attention versus focused attention. Either attend to both ears or attend to left or right ear and press a button when the target stimulus appeared. WOEXP: 36.
K. Hugdahl; Ian Law; S. Kyllingsbaek; K. Bronnick; Anders Gade; Olaf B. Paulson. Effects of attention on dichotic listening: an 15O-PET study. Human Brain Mapping 10(2):87-97, 2000. PMID: 10864233. WOBIB: 14.

+2: 0.63593 Language perception during free viewing. Subjective experience of language perception during free viewing and hearing of a James Bond movie. WOEXP: 383.
Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. Functional brain mapping during free viewing of natural scenes. Human Brain Mapping 21(2):75-85, 2004. PMID: 14755595. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10153. WOBIB: 123.

+3: 0.62262 Vocal stimuli versus bells, human non-vocal sounds, enveloped white noise and scrampled voices. Voices, including speech such as isolated words, connected speech in several languages and non-speech such as laughs, sighs and coughs versus non-vocal sounds including various bells, human non-vocal sounds (e.g., finger snaps and hand claps), white noise modulated with the amplitude envelope of vocal sounds, and scrampled voices. WOEXP: 142.
P. Belin; Robert J. Zatorre; P. Lafaille; P. Ahad; B. Pike. Voice-selective areas in human auditory cortex. Nature 403(6767):309-312, 2000. PMID: 10659849. DOI: 10.1038/35002078. WOBIB: 42.

+4: 0.62185 Voice versus non-vocal sounds. Voices, including speech such as isolated words, connected speech in several languages and non-speech such as laughs, sighs and coughs versus non-vocal sounds including animal cries, mechanical sounds. WOEXP: 141.
P. Belin; Robert J. Zatorre; P. Lafaille; P. Ahad; B. Pike. Voice-selective areas in human auditory cortex. Nature 403(6767):309-312, 2000. PMID: 10659849. DOI: 10.1038/35002078. WOBIB: 42.

+5: 0.56949 Nonautobiographical episodic memory retrieval. Listening to sentences that contained episodic information from an third-person autobiography versus eyes closed. WOEXP: 207.
G. R. Fink; H. J. Markowitsch; M. Reinkemeier; T. Bruckbauer; J. Kessler; W. D. Heiss. Cerebral representation of one's own past: neural networks involved in autobiographical memory. Journal of Neuroscience 16(13):4275-82, 1996. PMID: 8753888. WOBIB: 68.

+6: 0.55811 Frequency-filtered vocal versus non-vocal. Vocal versus non-vocal sounds. Sounds were either in their original form or frequency-filtered with a band-pass filter. WOEXP: 143.
P. Belin; Robert J. Zatorre; P. Lafaille; P. Ahad; B. Pike. Voice-selective areas in human auditory cortex. Nature 403(6767):309-312, 2000. PMID: 10659849. DOI: 10.1038/35002078. WOBIB: 42.

+7: 0.49825 Spatial neglect. Lesions in patients with spatial neglect after infarct of hemorrhage versus infarct and hemorrhage patients without spatial neglect. WOEXP: 410.
Hans-Otto Karnath; Monika Fruhmann Berger; Wilhelm Kuker; Chris Rorden. The Anatomy of Spatial Neglect based on Voxelwise Statistical Analysis: A Study of 140 Patients. Cerebral Cortex 14(10):1164-1172, 2004. PMID: 15142954. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhh076. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 133.

+8: 0.47075 Listening to voices. Listening to familiar and unfamiliar voices with right index finger button presses for indication of interrupting checkerboard patterns versus viewing familiar and unfamiliar faces also with button pressing. WOEXP: 199.
N. J. Shah; J. C. Marshall; O. Zafiris; A. Schwab; Karl Zilles; H. J. Markowitsch; G. R. Fink. The neural correlates of person familiarity. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study with clinical implications. Brain 124(Pt 4):804-15, 2001. PMID: 11287379. WOBIB: 64.

+9: 0.45726 Chords. Chords simulation: standard sequence versus deviant sequence. WOEXP: 22.
M. Tervaniemi; S. V. Medvedev; K. Alho; S. V. Pakhomov; M. S. Roudas; T. L. Van Zuijen; R. Naatanen. Lateralized automatic auditory processing of phonetic versus musical information: a PET study. Human Brain Mapping 10(2):74-79, 2000. PMID: 10864231. WOBIB: 9.

+10: 0.43774 Auditory change. Change between two sounds, running water and croaking frogs versus change in visual or tactile stimuli. WOEXP: 454.
J. Downar; A. P. Crawley; D. J. Mikulis; K. D. Davis. A multimodal cortical network for the detection of changes in the sensory environment. Nature Neuroscience 3(3):277-283, 2000. PMID: 10700261. DOI: 10.1038/72991. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 148.

+11: 0.41638 Attention to consonant-vowels versus attention to musical instruments. Attend to sound and press a button when the target stimulus appeared. WOEXP: 41.
K. Hugdahl; Ian Law; S. Kyllingsbaek; K. Bronnick; Anders Gade; Olaf B. Paulson. Effects of attention on dichotic listening: an 15O-PET study. Human Brain Mapping 10(2):87-97, 2000. PMID: 10864233. WOBIB: 14.

+12: 0.41078 Phonemes. Phonemes simulation: standard sequence versus deviant sequence. WOEXP: 21.
M. Tervaniemi; S. V. Medvedev; K. Alho; S. V. Pakhomov; M. S. Roudas; T. L. Van Zuijen; R. Naatanen. Lateralized automatic auditory processing of phonetic versus musical information: a PET study. Human Brain Mapping 10(2):74-79, 2000. PMID: 10864231. WOBIB: 9.

+13: 0.39729 Unpredictable preferred drinking. Interaction between drinking of preferred one of juice or water and drinking at unpredictable intervals versus drinking preferred at predictable intervals on unpreferred at unpredictable intervals. WOEXP: 335.
G. S. Berns; Samuel M. McClure; G. Pagnoni; P. R. Montague. Predictability modulates human brain response to reward. Journal of Neuroscience 21(8):2793-8, 2001. PMID: 11306631. WOBIB: 107.

+14: 0.39527 Color matching. Color matching with colored random polygons presented serially in pairs on a screen with response by left or right mouse button press versus color matching. WOEXP: 254.
Claus Bundesen; Axel Larsen; Soren Kyllingsbaek; Olaf B. Paulson; Ian Law. Attentional effects in the visual pathways: a whole-brain PET study. Experimental Brain Research 147(3):394-406, 2002. PMID: 12428147. DOI: 10.1007/s00221-002-1243-1. WOBIB: 81.

+15: 0.39523 Deactivations in romantic love. Viewing of colored pictures of three friends of the same sex as their loved partner versus viewing pictures of the faces of boy- or girlfriend (loved once). WOEXP: 177.
Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.

+16: 0.37816 Silent reading of proper words versus pseudowords. Silent reading of visually presented proper words versus silent reading of pseudowords. WOEXP: 398.
Andrea Mechelli; Karl J. Friston; Cathy J. Price. The effects of presentation rate during word and pseudoword reading: a comparison of PET and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2():145-156, 2000. PMID: 11506654. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564000. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11189. WOBIB: 129.

+17: 0.36697 Spatial neglect. Patients with spatial neglect and right brain damage from infarct or hemorrhage versus right brain damage patients without spatial neglect. WOEXP: 185.
Hans-Otto Karnath; S. Ferber; M. Himmelbach. Spatial awareness is a function of the temporal not the posterior parietal lobe. Nature 411(6840):950-3, 2001. PMID: 11418859. DOI: 10.1038/35082075. WOBIB: 59.

+18: 0.36112 Encoding of word-paires with difficult distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an difficult distraction task where a joystick should be moved to randomly placed positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 489.
Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

+19: 0.32283 Speech rate positive correlation. Positive correlation with word rate during overt fluent speech about whatever come to mind when viewing Rorschach inkblot plates. WOEXP: 577.
Tilo T. J. Kircher; Michael J. Brammer; S. C. R. Williams; Philip K. McGuire. Lexical retrieval during fluent speech production: an fMRI study. NeuroReport 11(18):4093-4096, 2000. PMID: 11192634. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 183.

+20: 0.31284 Activation in sadness film viewing versus neutral film viewing. Passive viewing of 2.5 minute emotional film clips. WOEXP: 282.
S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

+21: 0.31169 Decreases in self-paced button press while listening to tones. Decreases in self-paced button presses with the thumb of the right hand versus no movement. Both condition when listening to tones. WOEXP: 257.
S. J. Blakemore; Geraint Rees; C. D. Frith. How do we predict the consequences of our actions? A functional imaging study. Neuropsychologia 36(6):521-9, 1998. PMID: 9705062. WOBIB: 82.

+22: 0.28622 Consonant-vowels versus simple tones. Detection of target consonant-vowel by pressing a button during dichotic presentation with consonant-vowels and musical instruments. WOEXP: 87.
K. Hugdahl; K. Bronnick; S. Kyllingsbaek; I. Law; Anders Gade; Olaf B. Paulson. Brain activation during dichotic presentations of consonant-vowel and musical instrument stimuli: a 15O-PET study. Neuropsychologia 37(4):431-40, 1999. PMID: 10215090. WOBIB: 26.

+23: 0.27214 Group: Answering self-reflective questions versus answering semantic questions. Self-reflective and semantic yes/no questions posed through headphones were answered with button press. WOEXP: 65.
Sterling C. Johnson; Leslie C. Baxter; Lana S. Wilder; James G. Pipe; Joseph E. Heiserman; George P. Prigatano. Neural correlates of self-reflection. Brain 125(Pt 8):1808-14, 2002. PMID: 12135971. WOBIB: 20.

+24: 0.26909 Activation in sadness film viewing versus amusement film viewing. Passive viewing of 2.5 minute emotional film clips. WOEXP: 284.
S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

+25: 0.25949 Distracted heat pain on left hand. 46 to 49 degrees Celsius hot stimuli on the thenar eminence of the left hand using a peltier thermode distracted by a visual motion task with silent counting of the number of partial coherent visual motion blocks versus distract 40 degrees warm stimuli. WOEXP: 189.
Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.07307 Memory retrieval. Memory retrieval of visually presented barcodes retained in 4, 6 or 8 seconds in a delayed non-matching-to-sample task where the non-target is selected by pressing one of three buttons. WOEXP: 433.
Greig I. de Zubicaray; Katie McMahon; Stephen J. Wilson; Santhi Muthiah. Brain activity during the encoding, retention, and retrieval of stimulus representations. Learning & Memory 8(5):243-251, 2001. PMID: 11584070. DOI: 10.1101/lm.40301. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 141.

-2: -0.06369 Attention to moving dots by detecting changes versus no attention to moving dots. 250 white dots moved radially from the fixation point in the middle of the screen in random directions towards the border of the screen. WOEXP: 77.
Christian Büchel; Oliver Josephs; Geraint Rees; R. Turner; C. D. Frith; Karl J. Friston. The functional anatomy of attention to visual motion. A functional MRI study. Brain 121 ( Pt 7):1281-94, 1998. PMID: 9679780. WOBIB: 24.

-3: -0.06029 Resting. Resting with eyes closed versus conjunction between nine different cognitive task: visuomotor, verb generation, mental calculation, listening to language stimuli, visual mental imagery, perceptual matching, self-paced movement. WOEXP: 229.
B. Mazoyer; L. Zago; E. Mellet; S. Bricogne; O. Etard; O. Houde; F. Crivello; M. Joliot; L. Petit; N. Tzourio-Mazoyer. Cortical networks for working memory and executive functions sustain the conscious resting state in man. Brain Research Bulletin 54(3):287-298, 2001. PMID: 11287133. WOBIB: 74.

-4: -0.05790 Visual orientation working memory updating. Maintenance and update of 3 oriented visual gratings in working memory from a series of 5 to 7 items and responding to a cue by pressing a key with either left or right hand versus maintenance and response with 3 items in working memory. WOEXP: 171.
L. Cornette; P. Dupont; E. Salmon; G. A. Orban. The neural substrate of orientation working memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 13(6):813-28, 2001. PMID: 11564325. DOI: 10.1162/08989290152541476. WOBIB: 51.

-5: -0.05788 Decreased activity during REM sleep. Slow-wave sleep or wakefull-state versus REM sleep. WOEXP: 301.
P. Maquet; J. Peters; J. Aerts; G. Delfiore; C. Degueldre; A. Luxen; G. Franck. Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. Nature 383(6596):163-6, 1996. PMID: 8774879. WOBIB: 96.

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