WOEXP: 31 - Generate word beginning with a given letter
 
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Generate word beginning with a given letter. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus simple repetition of heard word. WOEXP: 31.

E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

Cognition,Language - Verbal fluency
WOEXT: 530.

Modality:fMRI
Measured variable: BOLD
Tracer:
Scanner: Bruker BioSpec 1 2.1-T
Number of subjects: 6

Asymmetry: -0.87500 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-19 38 46 Superior frontal gyrus/superior frontal sulcus      
-23 28 44 Middle frontal gyrus/superior frontal sulcus      
-46 24 18 Inferior frontal gyrus      
-4 20 40 Cingulate gyrus/sulcus      
4 17 27 Cingulate sulcus      
-12 17 27 Cingulate gyrus/cingulum      

corner cube of volume 31 (Generate word beginning with a given letter)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Generate word beginning with a given letter. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus simple repetition of heard word. WOEXP: 31.
E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

+2: 0.98042 Generate word beginning with given letter versus antonym generation. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus antonym word generation. WOEXP: 32.
E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

+3: 0.59766 Homophone judgement. Homophone judgement from chinese characters presented visually versus font size judgment. WOEXP: 528.
Wai Ting Soik; Zhen Jin; Paul Fletcher; Li Hai Tan. Distinct brain regions associated with syllable and phoneme. Human Brain Mapping 18(3):201-207, 2003. PMID: 12599278. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10094. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 172.

+4: 0.58467 Item-related memory during semantic retrieval with word for living versus nonliving things. Semantic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was refering to a living or nonliving thing with right hand button response for living versus nonliving things. WOEXP: 571.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+5: 0.51588 Interaction between hypnosis and pain ratings in hot pain on right hand.. Interaction between hypnosis and increases due to pain rating in hot pain (typically 47 degrees) on the thenar surface of the right hand. WOEXP: 240.
M. E. Faymonville; S. Laureys; C. Degueldre; G. DelFiore; A. Luxen; G. Franck; M. Lamy; P. Maquet. Neural mechanisms of antinociceptive effects of hypnosis. Anesthesiology 92(5):1257-67, 2000. PMID: 10781270. WOBIB: 76.

+6: 0.50890 Initial-consonant judgement. Initial-consonant judgement from chinese characters presented visually versus font size judgment. WOEXP: 529.
Wai Ting Soik; Zhen Jin; Paul Fletcher; Li Hai Tan. Distinct brain regions associated with syllable and phoneme. Human Brain Mapping 18(3):201-207, 2003. PMID: 12599278. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10094. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 172.

+7: 0.50112 Cold pain with silent word reading versus cold pain. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot distracted by silent word reading versus cold pain. WOEXP: 267.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+8: 0.48950 Names of famous people versus occupation of famous people. Retrieval and whispering of personal names of famous people from presented photographs of faces. WOEXP: 136.
Takashi Tsukiura; Toshikatsu Fujii; Reiko Fukatsu; Taisuke Otsuki; Jiro Okuda; Atsushi Umetsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Michio Tabuchi; Isao Yanagawa; Tatsuo Nagasaka; Ryuta Kawashima; Hiroshi Fukuda; Shoki Takahashi; Atsushi Yamadori. Neural basis of the retrieval of people's names: evidence from brain-damaged patients and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 14(6):922-37, 2002. PMID: 12191459. DOI: 10.1162/089892902760191144. FMRIDCID: 2-2002-112QC. WOBIB: 41.

+9: 0.48752 Silent word generation. Silent word generation without articulation from a given category or proper names or objects versus relax and attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 262.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+10: 0.47533 Mildly depressed cancer patients. Cancer patients that might be mildly depressed versus patients with chronic hepatitis. WOEXP: 293.
M. Tashiro; F. D. Juengling; M. J. Reinhardt; I. Brink; S. Hoegerle; M. Mix; K. Kubota; K. Yamaguchi; M. Itoh; H. Sasaki; E. Moser; E. U. Nitzsche. Reproducibility of PET brain mapping of cancer patients. Psychooncology 9(2):157-63, 2000. PMID: 10767753. WOBIB: 92.

+11: 0.47080 Syllable counting versus case judgment. Counting the number of syllables in a visually presented word versus decision based on the case of the letters in the word. WOEXP: 552.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+12: 0.45891 Encoding of word-paires with difficult distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an difficult distraction task where a joystick should be moved to randomly placed positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 489.
Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

+13: 0.45873 Observation of action for imitation versus observation of action for recognition. Observation of hand and arm action showed on a video for the purpose of later imitation. WOEXP: 160.
Jean Decety; J. Grezes; N. Costes; Daniela Perani; Marc Jeannerod; E. Procyk; F. Grassi; F. Fazio. Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy. Brain 120 ( Pt 10):1763-77, 1997. PMID: 9365369. WOBIB: 49.

+14: 0.44912 Stroop's test. Naming the color of incongruent color words versus naming the color of matching color words. WOEXP: 538.
Barbara Ravnkilde; Poul Videbech; Raben Rosenberg; Albert Gjedde; Anders Gade. Putative Tests of Frontal Lobe Function: A PET-Study of Brain Activation During Stroop's Test and Verbal Fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 24(4):534-547, 2002. PMID: 12187466. DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.534.1033. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 176.

+15: 0.44737 Distracted heat pain on left hand. 46 to 49 degrees Celsius hot stimuli on the thenar eminence of the left hand using a peltier thermode distracted by a visual motion task with silent counting of the number of partial coherent visual motion blocks versus distract 40 degrees warm stimuli. WOEXP: 189.
Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+16: 0.44723 Case judgment versus syllable counting. Case judgment of letters from visually presented words with button press versus counting the number of syllables in a visually presented word. WOEXP: 553.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+17: 0.44157 Lying. Lying during a guilty knowledge test with right-thumb button press to visual presented questions and display of playing cards versus answering truthfully. WOEXP: 586.
Daniel D. Langleben; L. Schroeder; J. A. Maldjian; R. C. Gur; S. McDonald; J. D. Ragland; C. P. O'Brien; A. R. Childress. Brain Activity during Simulated Deception: An Event-Related Functional Magnetic Resonance Study. NeuroImage 15(3):727-732, 2002. PMID: 11848716. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1003. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 186.

+18: 0.43751 Silent word reading while cold pain on right foot. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot and silent word reading versus rest with attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 265.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+19: 0.43641 Pseudoword syllable counting versus case judgment. Counting the number of syllables in a visually presented pseudoword versus decision based on the case of the letters in the word. WOEXP: 556.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+20: 0.43391 Cold pain on right foot masked by silent word reading. 0-2 centigrades cold pain on dorsal surface of the right foot with an and mask from silent word reading versus rest with attention to the sound of the machine. WOEXP: 264.
U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+21: 0.43233 Strategy switching in the presence of obstacles. Successful detour navigation in a complex virtual town versus successful direct navigation. WOEXP: 129.
Eleanor A. Maguire; N. Burgess; J. G. Donnett; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith; J. O'Keefe. Knowing where and getting there: a human navigation network. Science 280(5365):921-4, 1998. PMID: 9572740. WOBIB: 38.

+22: 0.42508 Semantic versus case. Decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete with right hand response button press versus decision based on the case of the letters in the word. WOEXP: 550.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+23: 0.41883 Tics during Tourette's syndrome. Correlation with amount of tics while Tourette patients relaxed with closed eyes. WOEXP: 402.
E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

+24: 0.41620 Tower of London task, PET regression. Correlation with the minimum number of moves in zero to seven moves Tower of London task. WOEXP: 442.
Ulrich Schall; Patrick Johnston; Jim Lagopoulos; Markus Juptner; Walter Jentzen; Renate Thienel; Alexandra Dittmann-Balcar; Stefan Bender; Philip B. Ward. Functional brain maps of Tower of London performance: a positron emission tomography and functional magnetic resonance imaging study. NeuroImage 20(2):1154-61, 2003. PMID: 14568484. DOI: 10.1016/S1053-8119(03)00338-0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 144.

+25: 0.40421 Semantic versus pseudoword syllable counting via case judgment. Decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete with right hand response button press versus syllable counting of peudowords with case judgment as double subtracted. WOEXP: 560.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.07174 Item specific learning. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 46.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-2: -0.07026 Skill learning: Early mirror-reading versus late mirror-reading. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 45.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-3: -0.06760 Mirror-reversed text reading versus plain text reading. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 44.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-4: -0.06042 Visual exploration versus saccades. Visual search exploration versus saccade eye movement. WOEXP: 6.
Darren R. Gitelman; Todd B. Parrish; Karl J. Friston; M-Marsel Mesulam. Functional anatomy of visual search: regional segregations within the frontal eye fields and effective connectivity of the superior colliculus. NeuroImage 15(4):970-82, 2002. PMID: 11906237. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1006. WOBIB: 3.

-5: -0.05901 Resting versus novel word recall. Resting versus speak load words recalled from a list of 15 words heard only one time just prior to recall. WOEXP: 274.
Nancy C. Andreasen; D. S. O'Leary; T. Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; K. Rezai; G. L. Watkins; L. L. Ponto; R. D. Hichwa. II. PET studies of memory: novel versus practiced free recall of word lists. NeuroImage 2(4):296-305, 1995. PMID: 9343614. WOBIB: 85.

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