WOEXP: 295 - Unpleasant emotion
 
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Unpleasant emotion. Viewing of unpleasant pictures, such as frightening animals, mutilated bodies, human violence versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 295.

Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.

Emotion - Unpleasant
WOEXT: 153.

Modality:PET/MRI
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Water
Scanner: Siemens, ECAT 951/31
Number of subjects: 12

Asymmetry: -0.96143 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-2 52 27 Prefrontal cortex      
-4 -12 1 Thalamus      
-2 -10 -6 Hypothalamus      
-10 -16 -9 Midbrain      
-26 -6 -13 Amygdala      
-24 -14 -13 Hippocampus      
-30 -20 -16 Left parahippocampal gyrus      
-34 -68 -3 Left Occipito-temporal cortex      
48 -67 -10 Right Occipito-temporal cortex      
-40 -67 -10 Left cerebellum      
34 -57 -11 Right cerebellum      

corner cube of volume 295 (Unpleasant emotion)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Unpleasant emotion. Viewing of unpleasant pictures, such as frightening animals, mutilated bodies, human violence versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 295.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.

+2: 0.70549 Sadness from films. Sadness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving grieving a friend who committed suicide by hanging versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 544.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+3: 0.67022 Happy faces correlated with extraversion. Categorization of happy face correlated with extraversion NEO personality trait. WOEXP: 482.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+4: 0.64576 Memory retrieval with personal relevance and temporal specificity. Interaction between memory retrieval of temporal specificity and person relevance versus nontemporal and nonpersonal memory retrieval and sets of word listening. WOEXP: 244.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+5: 0.63094 Happy recitation in non-religious subjects. Happy recitation of a German children's nursery rhyme with eyes closed in non-religious subjects. WOEXP: 409.
N. P. Azari; J. Nickel; G. Wunderlich; M. Niedeggen; H. Hefter; L. Tellmann; H. Herzog; P. Stoerig; D. Birnbacher; Rüdiger J. Seitz. Neural correlates of religious experience. European Journal of Neuroscience 13(8):1649-52, 2001. PMID: 11328359. DOI: 10.1046/j.0953-816x.2001.01527.x. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 132.

+6: 0.59186 75% fearful faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% fearful grey-scale faces with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 220.
Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.

+7: 0.58404 Pleasant emotion. Viewing of pleasant pictures, such as erotica, babies, sports events versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 294.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.

+8: 0.54533 Sadness from films and recall. Sadness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving grieving a friend who committed suicide by hanging and recalling sad autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 541.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+9: 0.52816 Disgust from recall. Disgust generated from recalling disgust autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 548.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+10: 0.52765 Sadness from recall. Sadness generated from recalling sad autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 547.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+11: 0.50459 Happiness from films. Happiness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving a joyous romantic reconciliation versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 543.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+12: 0.48596 Sexual arousal - male. Sexual arousal by viewing erotic film excerpts. WOEXP: 9.
Sherif Karama; Andre R. Lecours; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Pierre Bourgouin; Gilles Beaudoin; Sven Joubert; Mario Beauregard. Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts. Human Brain Mapping 16(1):1-13, 2002. PMID: 11870922. WOBIB: 4.

+13: 0.47534 Fearful faces. Categorization of fearful face versus happy faces. WOEXP: 481.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+14: 0.44559 Happiness from films and recall. Happiness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving a joyous romantic reconciliation and recalling happy autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 540.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+15: 0.43878 Successful verbal encoding of "list" body words. Verbal encoding of subsequently remembered words from the body of a list of words versus attempted encoding of forgotten words. WOEXP: 434.
B. A. Strange; L. J. Otten; Oliver Josephs; Michael D. Rugg; Raymond J. Dolan. Dissociable human perirhinal, hippocampal, and parahippocampal roles during verbal encoding. Journal of Neuroscience 22(2):523-528, 2002. PMID: 11784798. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 142.

+16: 0.43437 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with old words versus new. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 567.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+17: 0.43263 Increased activity during REM sleep. REM sleep versus slow-wave sleep or wakefull-state. WOEXP: 300.
P. Maquet; J. Peters; J. Aerts; G. Delfiore; C. Degueldre; A. Luxen; G. Franck. Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. Nature 383(6596):163-6, 1996. PMID: 8774879. WOBIB: 96.

+18: 0.43183 Fearful body expression. Viewing videos og fearful whole-body expressions versus viewing emotionally neural action. WOEXP: 471.
Nouchine Hadjikhani; Beatrice de Gelder. Seeing fearful body expressions activates the fusiform cortex and amygdala. Current Biology 13(24):2201-2205, 2003. PMID: 14680638. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2003.11.049. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 153.

+19: 0.42749 Memory retrieval. Memory retrieval of temporal, nontemporal, person relevant and irrelevant memories by listening to statements and responding with key press versus listening sets of words and pressing a button depending on number of syllables in last word. WOEXP: 243.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+20: 0.42724 Ambiguous threat. Faces displaying ambiguous threat by anger face with averted gaze and fear faces with direct gaze versus anger faces with direct gaze and fear faces with averted gaze. WOEXP: 277.
Reginald B. J. Adams; Heather L. Gordon; Abigail A. Baird; Nalini Ambady; Robert E. Kleck. Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 300(5625):1536, 2003. PMID: 12791983. DOI: 10.1126/science.1082244. WOBIB: 86.

+21: 0.41680 Thalamic stimulation for pain relief. Thalamic stimulation in the left ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (-7, -20, +2) for facial pain relief versus after stimulation an still with no pain. WOEXP: 195.
Ron C. Kupers; J. M. Gybels; Albert Gjedde. Positron emission tomography study of a chronic pain patient successfully treated with somatosensory thalamic stimulation. Pain 87(3):295-302, 2000. PMID: 10963909. WOBIB: 62.

+22: 0.40741 Disgust from films and recall. Disgust generated from viewing silent color feature film with a scene depicting a rat cravling on a sleeping man and recalling disgust autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 542.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+23: 0.40234 Permanent amnesia, absolute. Hypometabolism in patients with permanent amnesia from either anoxia or Wernicke-Korsakoff's syndrome versus normal control subjects. WOEXP: 369.
A. M. Aupee; B. Desgranges; F. Eustache; C. Lalevee; V. de la Sayette; F. Viader; J. C. Baron. Voxel-based mapping of brain hypometabolism in permanent amnesia with PET. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1164-73, 2001. PMID: 11352622. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0762. WOBIB: 119.

+24: 0.39792 Deductive reasoning versus probabilistic. Deductive reasoning based on reading three sentence on a screen, two premises and one conclusion, and determining the truth value. WOEXP: 151.
L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

+25: 0.37426 Face viewing. Viewing familiar and unfamiliar faces with right index finger button presses for indication of interrupting checkerboard patterns versus listening familiar and unfamiliar voices also with button pressing. WOEXP: 198.
N. J. Shah; J. C. Marshall; O. Zafiris; A. Schwab; Karl Zilles; H. J. Markowitsch; G. R. Fink. The neural correlates of person familiarity. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study with clinical implications. Brain 124(Pt 4):804-15, 2001. PMID: 11287379. WOBIB: 64.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.06808 Visually guided saccades. Visually guided saccadic eye movements by following an white spot on a screen unpredictably right and left jumping along the horizontal meridian versus central fixation. WOEXP: 150.
R. A. Berman; C. L. Colby; C. R. Genovese; J. T. Voyvodic; B. Luna; K. R. Thulborn; J. A. Sweeney. Cortical networks subserving pursuit and saccadic eye movements in humans: an FMRI study. Human Brain Mapping 8(4):209-25, 1999. PMID: 10619415. WOBIB: 46.

-2: -0.06640 Visual pursuit tracking. Visual pursuit tracking eye movement by following a white spot on a screen moving sinusoidal along the horizontal meridian versus central fixation. WOEXP: 149.
R. A. Berman; C. L. Colby; C. R. Genovese; J. T. Voyvodic; B. Luna; K. R. Thulborn; J. A. Sweeney. Cortical networks subserving pursuit and saccadic eye movements in humans: an FMRI study. Human Brain Mapping 8(4):209-25, 1999. PMID: 10619415. WOBIB: 46.

-3: -0.06363 Visuospatial 2-back, Boston site. Viewing of dots in one of four displayed boxes with button pressing for indicating where the dot occured two trials back versus pressing buttons in zero-back. WOEXP: 352.
B. J. Casey; Jonathan D. Cohen; K. O'Craven; Richard J. Davidson; W. Irwin; C. A. Nelson; D. C. Noll; X. Hu; M. J. Lowe; B. R. Rosen; C. L. Truwitt; P. A. Turski. Reproducibility of fMRI results across four institutions using a spatial working memory task. NeuroImage 8(3):249-261, 1998. PMID: 9758739. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 116.

-4: -0.06105 Deactivation in sadness film viewing versus neutral film viewing. Passive viewing of 2.5 minute emotional film clips. WOEXP: 283.
S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

-5: -0.05829 Newly learned personal names versus names of famous people. Retrieval and whispering of newly learned personal names from presented photographs of faces and previously memorized association between face and name. WOEXP: 138.
Takashi Tsukiura; Toshikatsu Fujii; Reiko Fukatsu; Taisuke Otsuki; Jiro Okuda; Atsushi Umetsu; Kyoko Suzuki; Michio Tabuchi; Isao Yanagawa; Tatsuo Nagasaka; Ryuta Kawashima; Hiroshi Fukuda; Shoki Takahashi; Atsushi Yamadori. Neural basis of the retrieval of people's names: evidence from brain-damaged patients and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 14(6):922-37, 2002. PMID: 12191459. DOI: 10.1162/089892902760191144. FMRIDCID: 2-2002-112QC. WOBIB: 41.

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