WOEXP: 220 - 75% fearful faces versus neural faces
 
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75% fearful faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% fearful grey-scale faces with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 220.

Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.

Emotion - Fear
WOEXT: 264.

Modality:fMRI
Measured variable: BOLD
Tracer:
Scanner: GE Medical Systems, Signa 1.5T
Number of subjects: 7

Asymmetry: -0.87500 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-40 -25 4 Left insula      
-26 -14 -13 Left amygdala      
-26 -6 -7 Left amygdala      

corner cube of volume 220 (75% fearful faces versus neural faces)

[ PNG | VRML (61Kb) ]

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 75% fearful faces versus neural faces. Viewing of 75% fearful grey-scale faces with sex decision task indicated with right thumb versus viewing of slightly happy faces. WOEXP: 220.
Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.

+2: 0.84905 Memory retrieval with personal relevance and temporal specificity. Interaction between memory retrieval of temporal specificity and person relevance versus nontemporal and nonpersonal memory retrieval and sets of word listening. WOEXP: 244.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+3: 0.73730 Happy faces correlated with extraversion. Categorization of happy face correlated with extraversion NEO personality trait. WOEXP: 482.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+4: 0.64502 Happy recitation in non-religious subjects. Happy recitation of a German children's nursery rhyme with eyes closed in non-religious subjects. WOEXP: 409.
N. P. Azari; J. Nickel; G. Wunderlich; M. Niedeggen; H. Hefter; L. Tellmann; H. Herzog; P. Stoerig; D. Birnbacher; Rüdiger J. Seitz. Neural correlates of religious experience. European Journal of Neuroscience 13(8):1649-52, 2001. PMID: 11328359. DOI: 10.1046/j.0953-816x.2001.01527.x. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 132.

+5: 0.60647 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with old words versus new. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 567.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+6: 0.59186 Unpleasant emotion. Viewing of unpleasant pictures, such as frightening animals, mutilated bodies, human violence versus viewing neural pictures, such as inanimate objects, people with neutral facial expressions and complex visual stimuli. WOEXP: 295.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; M. M. Bradley; P. J. Lang; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Richard J. Davidson; Gary E. Schwartz. Neuroanatomical correlates of pleasant and unpleasant emotion. Neuropsychologia 35(11):1437-44, 1997. PMID: 9352521. BrainMap: 276. WOBIB: 93.

+7: 0.56665 Thalamic stimulation for pain relief. Thalamic stimulation in the left ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (-7, -20, +2) for facial pain relief versus after stimulation an still with no pain. WOEXP: 195.
Ron C. Kupers; J. M. Gybels; Albert Gjedde. Positron emission tomography study of a chronic pain patient successfully treated with somatosensory thalamic stimulation. Pain 87(3):295-302, 2000. PMID: 10963909. WOBIB: 62.

+8: 0.52807 Fearful faces. Categorization of fearful face versus happy faces. WOEXP: 481.
Turhan Canli; Heidi Sivers; Susan L. Whitfield; Ian H. Gotlib; John E. Gabrieli. Amygdala response to happy faces as a function of extraversion. Science 296(5576):2191, 2002. PMID: 12077407. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068749. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 156.

+9: 0.48309 Nonconscious viewing of faces versus nonconscious encoding of face-word associations. Nonconscious viewing of faces versus nonconscious encoding of brief visual presented face-word pairs where the words indicated occupation. WOEXP: 468.
Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

+10: 0.46841 Passive versus active. Hypothesis generation and testing group versus hypothesis generation group. Passive state with simulus versus active states in connection with visual information processing task: same-different discrimination, visual search, spatial attention, language, memory, cross-modal imagery. Areas where changes where seen in the combined hypothesis generation and testing group but not in the hypothesis generation group alone. WOEXP: 532.
Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.

+11: 0.44045 Cool in right hand. 20 degrees cool stimuli on the palmar surface of the right hand versus normal 34 degrees. WOEXP: 214.
A. D. Craig; Eric M. Reiman; A. Evans; M. C. Bushnell. Functional imaging of an illusion of pain. Nature 384(6606):258-60, 1996. PMID: 8918874. WOBIB: 69.

+12: 0.43884 Successful verbal encoding of "list" body words. Verbal encoding of subsequently remembered words from the body of a list of words versus attempted encoding of forgotten words. WOEXP: 434.
B. A. Strange; L. J. Otten; Oliver Josephs; Michael D. Rugg; Raymond J. Dolan. Dissociable human perirhinal, hippocampal, and parahippocampal roles during verbal encoding. Journal of Neuroscience 22(2):523-528, 2002. PMID: 11784798. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 142.

+13: 0.42436 London taxi drivers. Gray matter volume in London taxi drivers with extensive navigation experience versus controls. WOEXP: 196.
Eleanor A. Maguire; D. G. Gadian; I. S. Johnsrude; C. D. Good; J. Ashburner; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith. Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97(8):4398-403, 2000. PMID: 10716738. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.070039597. WOBIB: 63.

+14: 0.40927 Controls versus London taxi drivers. Gray matter volume in controls not driving taxi versus London taxi drivers with extensive navigation experience versus controls. WOEXP: 197.
Eleanor A. Maguire; D. G. Gadian; I. S. Johnsrude; C. D. Good; J. Ashburner; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; C. D. Frith. Navigation-related structural change in the hippocampi of taxi drivers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97(8):4398-403, 2000. PMID: 10716738. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.070039597. WOBIB: 63.

+15: 0.40384 Warmth in right hand. 40 degrees warmth on the palmar surface of the right hand versus normal 34 degrees. WOEXP: 216.
A. D. Craig; Eric M. Reiman; A. Evans; M. C. Bushnell. Functional imaging of an illusion of pain. Nature 384(6606):258-60, 1996. PMID: 8918874. WOBIB: 69.

+16: 0.39618 Ambiguous threat. Faces displaying ambiguous threat by anger face with averted gaze and fear faces with direct gaze versus anger faces with direct gaze and fear faces with averted gaze. WOEXP: 277.
Reginald B. J. Adams; Heather L. Gordon; Abigail A. Baird; Nalini Ambady; Robert E. Kleck. Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 300(5625):1536, 2003. PMID: 12791983. DOI: 10.1126/science.1082244. WOBIB: 86.

+17: 0.39128 Memory retrieval. Memory retrieval of temporal, nontemporal, person relevant and irrelevant memories by listening to statements and responding with key press versus listening sets of words and pressing a button depending on number of syllables in last word. WOEXP: 243.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+18: 0.38298 Phonemes. Phonemes simulation: standard sequence versus deviant sequence. WOEXP: 21.
M. Tervaniemi; S. V. Medvedev; K. Alho; S. V. Pakhomov; M. S. Roudas; T. L. Van Zuijen; R. Naatanen. Lateralized automatic auditory processing of phonetic versus musical information: a PET study. Human Brain Mapping 10(2):74-79, 2000. PMID: 10864231. WOBIB: 9.

+19: 0.36807 Cold pain in right hand. 5 degrees cold pain on the palmar surface of the right hand versus normal 34 degrees. WOEXP: 213.
A. D. Craig; Eric M. Reiman; A. Evans; M. C. Bushnell. Functional imaging of an illusion of pain. Nature 384(6606):258-60, 1996. PMID: 8918874. WOBIB: 69.

+20: 0.36807 Grill illusion in right hand. Thermal grill with spatially alternating 20 degrees cold and 40 degrees warm pain stimuli on the palmar surface of the right hand versus normal 34 degrees. WOEXP: 215.
A. D. Craig; Eric M. Reiman; A. Evans; M. C. Bushnell. Functional imaging of an illusion of pain. Nature 384(6606):258-60, 1996. PMID: 8918874. WOBIB: 69.

+21: 0.36807 Hot pain in right hand. 47 degrees hot pain on the palmar surface of the right hand versus normal 34 degrees. WOEXP: 217.
A. D. Craig; Eric M. Reiman; A. Evans; M. C. Bushnell. Functional imaging of an illusion of pain. Nature 384(6606):258-60, 1996. PMID: 8918874. WOBIB: 69.

+22: 0.35084 Sniffing. 1.5s sniffing of non-odorized clean air to the instructions on a screen. WOEXP: 494.
Noam Sobel; V. Prabhakaran; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; R. L. Goode; Edith V. Sullivan; John D. E. Gabrieli. Sniffing and smelling: separate subsystems in the human olfactory cortex. Nature 392(6673):282-286, 1998. PMID: 9521322. DOI: 10.1038/32654. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 162.

+23: 0.34885 Successful verbal encoding of initial items in a list. Verbal encoding of subsequently remembered words which are in the initial part of the list versus forgotten initial items. WOEXP: 436.
B. A. Strange; L. J. Otten; Oliver Josephs; Michael D. Rugg; Raymond J. Dolan. Dissociable human perirhinal, hippocampal, and parahippocampal roles during verbal encoding. Journal of Neuroscience 22(2):523-528, 2002. PMID: 11784798. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 142.

+24: 0.34765 Self-attribution versus other-attribution. The subject moved a joystick, and a cursor on the screen was controlled by the subject using the joystick. WOEXP: 75.
Chlöé Farrer; Chris D. Frith. Experiencing oneself vs another person as being the cause of an action: the neural correlates of the experience of agency. NeuroImage 15(3):596-603, 2002. PMID: 11848702. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1009. WOBIB: 23.

+25: 0.33883 Episodic memory retrieval versus semantic. Episodic memory retrieval by judging visually sentences with a yes/no response using right fingers versus semantic knowledge retrieval. WOEXP: 374.
Stefan Zysset; Oswald Huber; Evelyn Ferstl; D. Y. von Cramon. The anterior frontomedian cortex and evaluative judgment: an fMRI study. NeuroImage 15(4):983-91, 2002. PMID: 11906238. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1008. WOBIB: 121.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.05518 Nonconscious encoding of face-word associations. Nonconscious encoding of brief visual presented face-word pairs where the words indicated occupation versus nonconscious viewing of faces. WOEXP: 467.
Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

-2: -0.04839 Spatial intelligence. Mismatch in a high-g intelligence task determining the odd one of four displayed drawings with indication by button press with middle and index fingers of the two hands versus a similar task with lower g. WOEXP: 339.
John Duncan; Rüdiger J. Seitz; J. Kolodny; D. Bor; H. Herzog; A. Ahmed; F. N. Newell; H. Emslie. A neural basis for general intelligence. Science 289(5478):457-60, 2000. PMID: 10903207. WOBIB: 110.

-3: -0.04785 Resting. Resting with eyes closed versus conjunction between nine different cognitive task: visuomotor, verb generation, mental calculation, listening to language stimuli, visual mental imagery, perceptual matching, self-paced movement. WOEXP: 229.
B. Mazoyer; L. Zago; E. Mellet; S. Bricogne; O. Etard; O. Houde; F. Crivello; M. Joliot; L. Petit; N. Tzourio-Mazoyer. Cortical networks for working memory and executive functions sustain the conscious resting state in man. Brain Research Bulletin 54(3):287-298, 2001. PMID: 11287133. WOBIB: 74.

-4: -0.04581 Skill learning: Early mirror-reading versus late mirror-reading. Lexical decision task determining word or non-word on visually presented either plain text or mirror-reversed text. WOEXP: 45.
Russell A. Poldrack; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. The neural basis of visual skill learning: an fMRI study of mirror reading. Cerebral Cortex 8(1):1-10, 1998. PMID: 9510380. WOBIB: 15.

-5: -0.04440 Decreased activity during REM sleep. Slow-wave sleep or wakefull-state versus REM sleep. WOEXP: 301.
P. Maquet; J. Peters; J. Aerts; G. Delfiore; C. Degueldre; A. Luxen; G. Franck. Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. Nature 383(6596):163-6, 1996. PMID: 8774879. WOBIB: 96.

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