WOEXP: 169 - Semantic knowledge retrieval
 
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Semantic knowledge retrieval. Listen to names of animals and respond with left hand thumb button press when a named animal is found in the United States and is used by people versus listen to consonant-vowel syllable triplets and responding with left hand thumb button press when a triplet contains both the consonant /b/ and the consonant /d/. WOEXP: 169.

J. R. Binder; J. A. Frost; T. A. Hammeke; P. S. Bellgowan; S. M. Rao; R. W. Cox. Conceptual processing during the conscious resting state. A functional MRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 11(1):80-95, 1999. PMID: 9950716. WOBIB: 50.

Cognition,Memory - Semantic knowledge retrieval
WOEXT: 195.

Modality:fMRI
Measured variable: BOLD
Tracer:
Scanner: GE Medical Systems, Signa 1.5T
Number of subjects: 30

Asymmetry: -0.93750 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
-45 -71 31 Left angular gyrus      
-8 -55 15 Left posterior cingulate      
-17 27 48 Left dorsal prefrontal cortex      
-26 -35 -16 Left parahippocampal gyrus      

corner cube of volume 170 (Semantic knowledge retrieval)

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Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Semantic knowledge retrieval. Listen to names of animals and respond with left hand thumb button press when a named animal is found in the United States and is used by people versus listen to consonant-vowel syllable triplets and responding with left hand thumb button press when a triplet contains both the consonant /b/ and the consonant /d/. WOEXP: 169.
J. R. Binder; J. A. Frost; T. A. Hammeke; P. S. Bellgowan; S. M. Rao; R. W. Cox. Conceptual processing during the conscious resting state. A functional MRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 11(1):80-95, 1999. PMID: 9950716. WOBIB: 50.

+2: 0.62505 Rest with eyes closed. Remain still with eyes closed versus listen to sequences of low and high tones and responding when a sequence has two high tones by pressing a button with the thumb on the left hand. WOEXP: 168.
J. R. Binder; J. A. Frost; T. A. Hammeke; P. S. Bellgowan; S. M. Rao; R. W. Cox. Conceptual processing during the conscious resting state. A functional MRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 11(1):80-95, 1999. PMID: 9950716. WOBIB: 50.

+3: 0.48507 Auditory threat-related presented words, subject b. Auditory presentation of threat-related words versus emotionally neutral words. WOEXP: 503.
Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore. Activation of left posterior cingulate gyrus by the auditory presentation of threat-related words: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 75(1):1-14, 1997. PMID: 9287369. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 165.

+4: 0.43014 Semantic fluency versus phonemic fluency. Generate words covertly without articulation cued with a broad category, such as animals, fruits and kitchen utensils versus cued with a letter. WOEXP: 584.
Eraldo Paulesu; Ben Goldacre; Paola Scifo; Stefano F. Cappa; Maria Carla Gilardi; Isabella Castiglioni; Daniela Perani; Frruccio Fazio. Functional heterogeneity of left inferior frontal cortex as revealed by fMRI. NeuroReport 8(8):2011-2017, 1997. PMID: 9223094. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 185.

+5: 0.42024 Listening to familiar voices and viewing familiar faces. Listening to familiar voices and viewing familiar faces with right index finger button presses for indication of interruption task versus listening to unfamiliar voices and viewing unfamiliar faces also with button pressing. WOEXP: 200.
N. J. Shah; J. C. Marshall; O. Zafiris; A. Schwab; Karl Zilles; H. J. Markowitsch; G. R. Fink. The neural correlates of person familiarity. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study with clinical implications. Brain 124(Pt 4):804-15, 2001. PMID: 11287379. WOBIB: 64.

+6: 0.39164 Visual emotional word encoding. Remembering and discrimination between pleasant and unpleasant words with indication with right hand button press versus fixation and retrieval. WOEXP: 330.
K. B. McDermott; J. G. Ojemann; Steven E. Petersen; J. M. Ollinger; A. Z. Snyder; E. Akbudak; T. E. Conturo; Marcus E. Raichle. Direct comparison of episodic encoding and retrieval of words: an event-related fMRI study. Memory 7(5-6):661-78, 1999. PMID: 10659091. WOBIB: 106.

+7: 0.38588 Associative encoding of familiar associations versus associative encoding of novel associations. Generate of a sentence containing three visually displayed words that had been seen in the same context before versus generating a sentence with words that had not been seen in context before. WOEXP: 439.
Nicola M. Hunkin; Andrew R. Mayes; Lloyd J. Gregory; Amanda K. Nicholas; Julia A. Nunn; Michael J. Brammer; Edward T. Bullmore; Steven C. R. Williams. Novelty-related activation within the medial temporal lobes. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1456-1464, 2002. PMID: 11931949. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 143.

+8: 0.38065 Observation of action for imitation versus observation of action for recognition. Observation of hand and arm action showed on a video for the purpose of later imitation. WOEXP: 160.
Jean Decety; J. Grezes; N. Costes; Daniela Perani; Marc Jeannerod; E. Procyk; F. Grassi; F. Fazio. Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy. Brain 120 ( Pt 10):1763-77, 1997. PMID: 9365369. WOBIB: 49.

+9: 0.37904 Memory retrieval. Memory retrieval of temporal, nontemporal, person relevant and irrelevant memories by listening to statements and responding with key press versus listening sets of words and pressing a button depending on number of syllables in last word. WOEXP: 243.
Eleanor A. Maguire; C. J. Mummery. Differential modulation of a common memory retrieval network revealed by positron emission tomography. Hippocampus 9(1):54-61, 1999. PMID: 10088900. WOBIB: 78.

+10: 0.37617 Associative encoding of novel associations versus associative encoding of familiar association. Generate of a sentence containing three visually displayed words that had not been seen in the same context before versus generating a sentence with words that had been seen in context before. WOEXP: 438.
Nicola M. Hunkin; Andrew R. Mayes; Lloyd J. Gregory; Amanda K. Nicholas; Julia A. Nunn; Michael J. Brammer; Edward T. Bullmore; Steven C. R. Williams. Novelty-related activation within the medial temporal lobes. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1456-1464, 2002. PMID: 11931949. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 143.

+11: 0.36185 Auditory threat-related presented words, subject f. Auditory presentation of threat-related words versus emotionally neutral words. WOEXP: 507.
Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore. Activation of left posterior cingulate gyrus by the auditory presentation of threat-related words: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 75(1):1-14, 1997. PMID: 9287369. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 165.

+12: 0.35866 Neutral face recognition versus fearful with ketamine drug. Neutral face recognition after ketamine-induced emotional blunting versus fearful face recognition after ketamine infusion. WOEXP: 478.
Kathryn M. Abel; Matthew P. G. Allin; Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura; Anthony S. David; Chris Andrew; Steven C. R. Williams; Michael J. Brammer; Mary L. Phillips. Ketamine alters neural processing of facial emotion recognition in healthy men: an fMRI study. NeuroReport 14(3):387-391, 2003. PMID: 12634489. DOI: 10.1097/01.wnr.0000058031.29600.31. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 155.

+13: 0.35363 Episodic memory retrieval versus semantic. Episodic memory retrieval by judging visually sentences with a yes/no response using right fingers versus semantic knowledge retrieval. WOEXP: 374.
Stefan Zysset; Oswald Huber; Evelyn Ferstl; D. Y. von Cramon. The anterior frontomedian cortex and evaluative judgment: an fMRI study. NeuroImage 15(4):983-91, 2002. PMID: 11906238. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1008. WOBIB: 121.

+14: 0.35150 Cued recall of familiar people. Individual subjects analysis. Auditory cued recall of immediate family members, such as spouse, parents, children, siblings, versus auditory cued recall of unfamiliar people. WOEXP: 289.
R. J. Maddock; A. S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Remembering familiar people: the posterior cingulate cortex and autobiographical memory retrieval. Neuroscience 104(3):667-76, 2001. PMID: 11440800. WOBIB: 90.

+15: 0.32264 Generate word beginning with given letter versus antonym generation. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus antonym word generation. WOEXP: 32.
E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

+16: 0.32200 Alzheimer's disease versus healthy. Patients with Alzheimer's disease in mental resting state versus matched healthy controls. WOEXP: 291.
Gene E. Alexander; Kewei Chen; Pietro Pietrini; Stanley I. Rapoport; Eric M. Reiman. Longitudinal PET Evaluation of Cerebral Metabolic Decline in Dementia: A Potential Outcome Measure in Alzheimer's Disease Treatment Studies. American Journal of Psychiatry 159(5):738-45, 2002. PMID: 11986126. WOBIB: 91.

+17: 0.32174 Autobiographical memory retrieval. Recalling from a visual cue of life events such as "learning to drive" and "wedding day" versus relaxation and sentence completion task. WOEXP: 228.
L. Ryan; L. Nadel; K. Keil; K. Putnam; D. Schnyer; T. Trouard; M. Moscovitch. Hippocampal complex and retrieval of recent and very remote autobiographical memories: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging in neurologically intact people. Hippocampus 11(6):707-14, 2001. PMID: 11811665. WOBIB: 73.

+18: 0.32088 Subject 11: Answering self-reflective questions versus answering semantic questions. Self-reflective and semantic yes/no questions posed through headphones were answered with button press. WOEXP: 64.
Sterling C. Johnson; Leslie C. Baxter; Lana S. Wilder; James G. Pipe; Joseph E. Heiserman; George P. Prigatano. Neural correlates of self-reflection. Brain 125(Pt 8):1808-14, 2002. PMID: 12135971. WOBIB: 20.

+19: 0.31790 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with old words versus new. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 567.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+20: 0.31439 Recognizable visual objects. Recognizable visual objects versus unrecognizable. WOEXP: 15.
Christian Gerlach; C. T. Aaside; G. W. Humphreys; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Brain activity related to integrative processes in visual object recognition: bottom-up integration and the modulatory influence of stored knowledge. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1254-67, 2002. PMID: 11931928. WOBIB: 7.

+21: 0.31179 Threat-related words in controls versus panic disorder patients. Control subjects listening to threat-related words and making silent judgment on the valence versus listening to neutral words and listening to threat-related words in panic disorder patients. WOEXP: 515.
Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore; Shawn J. Kile; Amy S. Garrett. Brain regions showing increased activation by threat-related words in panic disorder. NeuroReport 14(3):325-328, 2003. PMID: 12634477. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 168.

+22: 0.31016 Generate word beginning with a given letter. Verbal fluency: Generate word beginning with given letter versus simple repetition of heard word. WOEXP: 31.
E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

+23: 0.30855 Auditory threat-related presented words, subject c. Auditory presentation of threat-related words versus emotionally neutral words. WOEXP: 504.
Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore. Activation of left posterior cingulate gyrus by the auditory presentation of threat-related words: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 75(1):1-14, 1997. PMID: 9287369. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 165.

+24: 0.30773 Theory of mind stories versus unlinked sentences. Story comprehension during silent reading and question answering of visually presented stories necessitating the attribution of mental states versus reading of unlinked setences. WOEXP: 518.
Paul C. Fletcher; F Happe; Uta Frith; S. C. Baker; Raymond J. Dolan; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Chris D. Frith. Other minds in the brain: a functional imaging study of "theory of mind" in story comprehension. Cognition 57(2):109-128, 1995. PMID: 8556839. DOI: 10.1016/0010-0277(95)00692-R. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 170.

+25: 0.30670 Warmth on left volar forearm versus heat pain. 40 degrees Celsius warmth on the volar forearm with fentanyl or placebo versus 47-48 hot pain. WOEXP: 315.
L. J. Adler; F. E. Gyulai; D. J. Diehl; M. A. Mintun; P. M. Winter; L. L. Firestone. Regional brain activity changes associated with fentanyl analgesia elucidated by positron emission tomography. Anesthesia & Analgesia 84(1):120-126, 1997. PMID: 8989012. WOBIB: 101.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.05636 Semantic versus syllable counting via case judgment. Decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete with right hand response button press versus syllable counting with case judgment as double subtracted. WOEXP: 558.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

-2: -0.04990 Warmth on left hand (group 1). 41 degrees warm stimuli to the dorsum of the left hand versus 35 degree stimuli. WOEXP: 226.
L. R. Becerra; H. C. Breiter; M. Stojanovic; S. Fishman; A. Edwards; A. R. Comite; R. G. Gonzalez; D. Borsook. Human brain activation under controlled thermal stimulation and habituation to noxious heat: an fMRI study. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 41(5):1044-57, 1999. PMID: 10332889. WOBIB: 72.

-3: -0.04823 Syllable counting versus semantic judgment. Syllable counting of visually presented words and button press with right hand versus decision whether a visually presented word is abstract or concrete. WOEXP: 555.
Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

-4: -0.04778 Word recognition. Respond with "old" or "new" if visually presented words had been presented earlier versus fixation. WOEXP: 118.
Terry L. Jernigan; A. L. Ostergaard; Ian Law; Claus Svarer; Christian Gerlach; O. B. Paulson. Brain activation during word identification and word recognition. NeuroImage 8(1):93-105, 1998. PMID: 9698579. WOBIB: 35.

-5: -0.04745 Negative age-citalopram dependence. Negative correlation with age of 40mg citalopram administration. WOEXP: 426.
Sara Goldberg; Gwenn S. Smith; Anna Barnes; Yilong Ma; Elisse Kramer; Kimberly Robeson; Margaret Kirshner; Bruce G. Pollock; David Eidelberg. Serotonin modulation of cerebral glucose metabolism in normal aging. Neurobiology of Aging 25(2):167-174, 2004. PMID: 14749134. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 138.

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