WOEXP: 152 - Probabilistic reasoning versus deductive
 
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Probabilistic reasoning versus deductive. Probabilistic reasoning based on reading three sentence on a screen, two premises and one conclusion, and judging the truth value. WOEXP: 152.

L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

Cognition,Mathematics - Probabilistic reasoning
WOEXT: 183.

Modality:PET/MRI
Measured variable: CBF
Tracer: O-15 Water
Scanner: GE Medical Systems, 4096
Number of subjects: 10

Asymmetry: -0.88468 (left: -1, right: +1)

  x     y     z   Lobar anatomy Functional area WOROI Value
9 -13 39 Anterior cingulate      
5 23 20 Anterior cingulate      
13 -2 4 Globus pallidus      
22 8 -20 Uncus      
23 -72 -21 Cerebellum, superior semilunar, crus I      
45 -50 -29 Cerebellum, inferior semilunar, crus II      
-26 29 -7 Inferior frontal      
-32 20 7 Insula      
-5 -47 29 Posterior cingulate      
-26 -43 -5 Parahippocampal      
-6 47 35 Medial frontal      
-26 15 -18 Inferior frontal      
-35 -9 -24 Sub-gyral      
-10 -30 50 Paracentral lobule      
-9 -25 -11 Midbrain      
-34 -11 33 Sub-gyral      
-12 -56 -15 Cerebellum, posterior quadrangle, VI      
-40 -44 -25 Cerebellum, inferior semilunar, crus II      
-36 -62 -34 Cerebellum, gracile, VIIB      

corner cube of volume 153 (Probabilistic reasoning versus deductive)

[ PNG | VRML (141Kb) ]

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Probabilistic reasoning versus deductive. Probabilistic reasoning based on reading three sentence on a screen, two premises and one conclusion, and judging the truth value. WOEXP: 152.
L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

+2: 0.45110 Associative encoding of novel associations versus associative encoding of familiar association. Generate of a sentence containing three visually displayed words that had not been seen in the same context before versus generating a sentence with words that had been seen in context before. WOEXP: 438.
Nicola M. Hunkin; Andrew R. Mayes; Lloyd J. Gregory; Amanda K. Nicholas; Julia A. Nunn; Michael J. Brammer; Edward T. Bullmore; Steven C. R. Williams. Novelty-related activation within the medial temporal lobes. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1456-1464, 2002. PMID: 11931949. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 143.

+3: 0.42813 Unpleasant words. Silent judgement of auditorily presented unpleasant arousing words versus matched neutral words. WOEXP: 132.
Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

+4: 0.42188 Fearful body expression. Viewing videos og fearful whole-body expressions versus viewing emotionally neural action. WOEXP: 471.
Nouchine Hadjikhani; Beatrice de Gelder. Seeing fearful body expressions activates the fusiform cortex and amygdala. Current Biology 13(24):2201-2205, 2003. PMID: 14680638. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2003.11.049. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 153.

+5: 0.41686 Semantic memory versus rest. Recalling and speak aloud words that start with a specific letter versus rest with eyes closed. WOEXP: 413.
Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

+6: 0.41367 Intelligence and gray matter volume positive correlation. Full-scale intellegence measured with either Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised correlated with gray matter volume. WOEXP: 563.
Sophia Frangou; Xavier Chitins; Steven C. R. Williams. Mapping IQ and gray matter density in healty young people. NeuroImage 23(8):800-805, 2004. PMID: 15528081. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.05.027. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 180.

+7: 0.40313 Sadness from films and recall. Sadness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving grieving a friend who committed suicide by hanging and recalling sad autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 541.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+8: 0.40068 Skill acquisition. Skill acquisition based on fixed stimulus-response mappings in an abstract number sequence with visually presented digits and button pressing for response. WOEXP: 512.
Michael Rose; Hilde Haider; Cornelius Weiller; Christian Buchel. The Role of Medial Temporal Lobe Structures in Implicit Learning: An Event-Related fMRI Study. Neuron 36(6):1221-1231, 2002. PMID: 12495634. DOI: 10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01105-4. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 167.

+9: 0.39995 Sadness from films. Sadness generated from viewing silent color feature film involving grieving a friend who committed suicide by hanging versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 544.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+10: 0.39570 Heat pain - female. 50 degrees heat pain on the left forearm of females versus 40 degrees stimulus. WOEXP: 368.
P. E. Paulson; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; K. L. Casey. Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of cerebral activation during noxious heat stimulation in humans. Pain 76(1-2):223-9, 1998. PMID: 9696477. WOBIB: 118.

+11: 0.39306 Deductive reasoning versus probabilistic. Deductive reasoning based on reading three sentence on a screen, two premises and one conclusion, and determining the truth value. WOEXP: 151.
L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

+12: 0.38720 Sadness from recall. Sadness generated from recalling sad autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 547.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+13: 0.38534 Verbal fluency. Naming words beginning with a given letter while focusing on a cross on a screen versus reading color words. WOEXP: 539.
Barbara Ravnkilde; Poul Videbech; Raben Rosenberg; Albert Gjedde; Anders Gade. Putative Tests of Frontal Lobe Function: A PET-Study of Brain Activation During Stroop's Test and Verbal Fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 24(4):534-547, 2002. PMID: 12187466. DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.534.1033. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 176.

+14: 0.38052 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with old words versus new. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 567.
Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+15: 0.37329 Romantic love. Viewing of colored pictures of the faces of boy- or girlfriend (loved once) versus viewing of colored pictures of three friends of the same sex as their loved partner. WOEXP: 176.
Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.

+16: 0.37298 Thalamic stimulation for pain relief. Thalamic stimulation in the left ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (-7, -20, +2) for facial pain relief versus after stimulation an still with no pain. WOEXP: 195.
Ron C. Kupers; J. M. Gybels; Albert Gjedde. Positron emission tomography study of a chronic pain patient successfully treated with somatosensory thalamic stimulation. Pain 87(3):295-302, 2000. PMID: 10963909. WOBIB: 62.

+17: 0.37097 Migraine headache. Glyceryl trinitrate induced migraine headache versus rest. WOEXP: 380.
A. Bahra; M. S. Matharu; Christian Büchel; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; P. J. Goadsby. Brainstem activation specific to migraine headache. Lancet 357(9261):1016-7, 2001. PMID: 11293599. WOBIB: 122.

+18: 0.35834 Sexual arousal - female. Sexual arousal by viewing erotic film excerpts. WOEXP: 10.
Sherif Karama; Andre R. Lecours; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Pierre Bourgouin; Gilles Beaudoin; Sven Joubert; Mario Beauregard. Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts. Human Brain Mapping 16(1):1-13, 2002. PMID: 11870922. WOBIB: 4.

+19: 0.35133 Disgust from films. Disgust generated from viewing silent color feature film with a scene depicting a rat cravling on a sleeping man versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 545.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+20: 0.35016 Micturition. Micturition after the bladder had been filled to the normal desire to void. WOEXP: 50.
S. Nour; Claus Svarer; J. K. Kristensen; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Cerebral activation during micturition in normal men. Brain 123 ( Pt 4):781-9, 2000. PMID: 10734009. WOBIB: 17.

+21: 0.34990 Rest with eyes closed. Remain still with eyes closed versus listen to sequences of low and high tones and responding when a sequence has two high tones by pressing a button with the thumb on the left hand. WOEXP: 168.
J. R. Binder; J. A. Frost; T. A. Hammeke; P. S. Bellgowan; S. M. Rao; R. W. Cox. Conceptual processing during the conscious resting state. A functional MRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 11(1):80-95, 1999. PMID: 9950716. WOBIB: 50.

+22: 0.34643 Nitroglycerin-provoked cluster headache. Nitroglycerin-provoked acute headache in cluster headache patients versus pain-free state. WOEXP: 424.
Arne May; Anish Bahra; Christian Büchel; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Peter J. Goadsby. Hypothalamic activation in cluster headache attacks. Lancet 352(9124):275-278, 1998. PMID: 9690407. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 137.

+23: 0.34484 Observation of meaningful action for imitation versus observation of meaningless action. Observation of hand and arm meaningful action such as "opening a bottle", "drawing a line", "sewing a button" showed on a video for later imitation. WOEXP: 165.
Jean Decety; J. Grezes; N. Costes; Daniela Perani; Marc Jeannerod; E. Procyk; F. Grassi; F. Fazio. Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy. Brain 120 ( Pt 10):1763-77, 1997. PMID: 9365369. WOBIB: 49.

+24: 0.34344 Hot pain on right hand in rest, mental imagery and hypnosis. Hot pain (typically 47 degrees) on the thenar surface of the right hand versus 35 degrees stimuli. During rest, mental imagery and hypnosis. WOEXP: 233.
M. E. Faymonville; S. Laureys; C. Degueldre; G. DelFiore; A. Luxen; G. Franck; M. Lamy; P. Maquet. Neural mechanisms of antinociceptive effects of hypnosis. Anesthesiology 92(5):1257-67, 2000. PMID: 10781270. WOBIB: 76.

+25: 0.34072 Disgust from recall. Disgust generated from recalling disgust autobiographical memories from scripts versus view neutral films and recalling neutral autobiographical memories. WOEXP: 548.
Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: -0.08444 Observation of meaningless action versus observation of meaningful action. Observation of hand and arm meaningless action showed on a video. WOEXP: 163.
Jean Decety; J. Grezes; N. Costes; Daniela Perani; Marc Jeannerod; E. Procyk; F. Grassi; F. Fazio. Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy. Brain 120 ( Pt 10):1763-77, 1997. PMID: 9365369. WOBIB: 49.

-2: -0.08161 Intelligence in circle task. Mismatch in a high-g intelligence task determining the odd one of four displayed circles sets with indication by button press with middle and index fingers of the two hands versus a similar task with lower g. WOEXP: 341.
John Duncan; Rüdiger J. Seitz; J. Kolodny; D. Bor; H. Herzog; A. Ahmed; F. N. Newell; H. Emslie. A neural basis for general intelligence. Science 289(5478):457-60, 2000. PMID: 10903207. WOBIB: 110.

-3: -0.06227 Observation of meaningless action for recognition versus observation of meaningful action. Observation of hand and arm meaningless action showed on a video for later recognition. WOEXP: 166.
Jean Decety; J. Grezes; N. Costes; Daniela Perani; Marc Jeannerod; E. Procyk; F. Grassi; F. Fazio. Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy. Brain 120 ( Pt 10):1763-77, 1997. PMID: 9365369. WOBIB: 49.

-4: -0.06060 Observation of meaningless action for imitation versus observation of meaningful action. Observation of hand and arm meaningless action showed on a video for later imitation. WOEXP: 167.
Jean Decety; J. Grezes; N. Costes; Daniela Perani; Marc Jeannerod; E. Procyk; F. Grassi; F. Fazio. Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy. Brain 120 ( Pt 10):1763-77, 1997. PMID: 9365369. WOBIB: 49.

-5: -0.06005 Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy without anticipatory bias versus with anticipatory bias. Valid cue-induced visuospatial expectancy without anticipatory bias where a centrally presented diamond on the screen indicated valid cues for a peripheral target and where the response was not significantly faster versus trials where response was significantly faster. Response was made by pushing a button.. WOEXP: 203.
D. M. Small; D. R. Gitelman; M. D. Gregory; A. C. Nobre; T. B. Parrish; M-M Mesulam. The posterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex mediate the anticipatory allocation of spatial attention. NeuroImage 18(3):633-41, 2003. PMID: 12667840. WOBIB: 65.

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