WOBIB: 54 - Bartels, Zeki (2000) The neural basis of ro ...
 
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Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.

The neural correlates of many emotional states have been studied, most recently through the technique of fMRI. However, nothing is known about the neural substrates involved in evoking one of the most overwhelming of all affective states, that of romantic love, about which we report here. The activity in the brains of 17 subjects who were deeply in love was scanned using fMRI, while they viewed pictures of their partners, and compared with the activity produced by viewing pictures of three friends of similar age, sex and duration of friendship as their partners. The activity was restricted to foci in the medial insula and the anterior cingulate cortex and, subcortically, in the caudate nucleus and the putamen, all bilaterally. Deactivations were observed in the posterior cingulate gyrus and in the amygdala and were right-lateralized in the prefrontal, parietal and middle temporal cortices. The combination of these sites differs from those in previous studies of emotion, suggesting that a unique network of areas is responsible for evoking this affective state. This leads us to postulate that the principle of functional specialization in the cortex applies to affective states as well.

Asymmetry: 0.88982 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (125 Kb)

1 Romantic love. Viewing of colored pictures of the faces of boy- or girlfriend (loved once) versus viewing of colored pictures of three friends of the same sex as their loved partner. WOEXP: 176.
2 Deactivations in romantic love. Viewing of colored pictures of three friends of the same sex as their loved partner versus viewing pictures of the faces of boy- or girlfriend (loved once). WOEXP: 177.


corner cube of WOBIB_54

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.

+2: 0.55741 Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

+3: 0.55241 L. M. Parsons; D. Osherson. New Evidence for Distinct Right and Left Brain Systems for Deductive versus Probabilistic Reasoning. Cerebral Cortex 11(10):954-65, 2001. PMID: 11549618. WOBIB: 47.

+4: 0.54834 Brent A. Vogt; Stuart Derbyshire; Anthony K. Jones. Pain processing in four regions of human cingulate cortex localized with co-registered PET and MR imaging. European Journal of Neuroscience 8(7):1461-73, 1996. PMID: 8758953. WOBIB: 100.

+5: 0.51732 Mary L. Phillips; A. W. Young; C. Senior; M. Brammer; C. Andrew; A. J. Calder; E. T. Bullmore; D. I. Perrett; D. Rowland; Steven C. R. Williams; J. A. Gray; Anthony S. David. A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust. Nature 389(6650):495-8, 1997. PMID: 9333238. DOI: 10.1038/39051. WOBIB: 71.

+6: 0.50991 Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

+7: 0.50907 U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+8: 0.50322 Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

+9: 0.50287 A. Bahra; M. S. Matharu; Christian Büchel; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; P. J. Goadsby. Brainstem activation specific to migraine headache. Lancet 357(9261):1016-7, 2001. PMID: 11293599. WOBIB: 122.

+10: 0.49431 M. E. Faymonville; S. Laureys; C. Degueldre; G. DelFiore; A. Luxen; G. Franck; M. Lamy; P. Maquet. Neural mechanisms of antinociceptive effects of hypnosis. Anesthesiology 92(5):1257-67, 2000. PMID: 10781270. WOBIB: 76.

+11: 0.49300 S. J. Blakemore; Geraint Rees; C. D. Frith. How do we predict the consequences of our actions? A functional imaging study. Neuropsychologia 36(6):521-9, 1998. PMID: 9705062. WOBIB: 82.

+12: 0.48058 Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

+13: 0.47470 Greig I. de Zubicaray; Katie McMahon; Stephen J. Wilson; Santhi Muthiah. Brain activity during the encoding, retention, and retrieval of stimulus representations. Learning & Memory 8(5):243-251, 2001. PMID: 11584070. DOI: 10.1101/lm.40301. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 141.

+14: 0.47259 Gene E. Alexander; Kewei Chen; Pietro Pietrini; Stanley I. Rapoport; Eric M. Reiman. Longitudinal PET Evaluation of Cerebral Metabolic Decline in Dementia: A Potential Outcome Measure in Alzheimer's Disease Treatment Studies. American Journal of Psychiatry 159(5):738-45, 2002. PMID: 11986126. WOBIB: 91.

+15: 0.47117 Nancy C. Andreasen; D. S. O'Leary; T. Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; K. Rezai; G. L. Watkins; L. L. Ponto; R. D. Hichwa. II. PET studies of memory: novel versus practiced free recall of word lists. NeuroImage 2(4):296-305, 1995. PMID: 9343614. WOBIB: 85.

+16: 0.47014 Sophia Frangou; Xavier Chitins; Steven C. R. Williams. Mapping IQ and gray matter density in healty young people. NeuroImage 23(8):800-805, 2004. PMID: 15528081. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.05.027. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 180.

+17: 0.46847 Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.

+18: 0.46778 Sherif Karama; Andre R. Lecours; Jean-Maxime Leroux; Pierre Bourgouin; Gilles Beaudoin; Sven Joubert; Mario Beauregard. Areas of brain activation in males and females during viewing of erotic film excerpts. Human Brain Mapping 16(1):1-13, 2002. PMID: 11870922. WOBIB: 4.

+19: 0.46522 Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+20: 0.45953 Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+21: 0.45616 E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

+22: 0.45222 Richard D. Lane; Eric M. Reiman; Geoffrey L. Ahern; Gary E. Schwartz; Richard J. Davidson. Neuroanatomical Correlates of Happiness, Sadness, and Disgust. The American Journal of Psychiatry 154(7):926-933, 1997. PMID: 9210742. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 177.

+23: 0.45038 X. Xu; H. Fukuyama; S. Yazawa; T. Mima; T. Hanakawa; Y. Magata; M. Kanda; N. Fujiwara; K. Shindo; T. Nagamine; H. Shibasaki. Functional localization of pain perception in the human brain studied by PET. NeuroReport 8(2):555-559, 1997. PMID: 9080447. WOBIB: 13.

+24: 0.45025 G. R. Fink; H. J. Markowitsch; M. Reinkemeier; T. Bruckbauer; J. Kessler; W. D. Heiss. Cerebral representation of one's own past: neural networks involved in autobiographical memory. Journal of Neuroscience 16(13):4275-82, 1996. PMID: 8753888. WOBIB: 68.

+25: 0.44762 Barbara Ravnkilde; Poul Videbech; Raben Rosenberg; Albert Gjedde; Anders Gade. Putative Tests of Frontal Lobe Function: A PET-Study of Brain Activation During Stroop's Test and Verbal Fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 24(4):534-547, 2002. PMID: 12187466. DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.534.1033. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 176.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.00040 Dottie M. Clower; John M. Hoffman; John R. Votaw; Tracy L. Faber; Roger P. Woods; Garrett E. Alexander. Role of posterior parietal cortex in the recalibration of visually guided reaching. Nature 383(6601):618-21, 1996. PMID: 8857536. WOBIB: 109.

-2: 0.00612 Stefan Geyer; Anders Ledberg; Axel Schleicher; Shigeo Kinomura; Thorsten Schormann; Uli Burgel; Torkel Klingberg; Jonas Larsson; Karl Zilles; Per E. Roland. Two different areas within the primary motor cortex of man. Nature 382(6594):805-807, 1996. PMID: 8752272. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 163.

-3: 0.01545 I. Indovina; J. N. Sanes. On somatotopic representation centers for finger movements in human primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1027-34, 2001. PMID: 11352608. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0776. WOBIB: 11.

-4: 0.02083 A. Larsen; C. Bundesen; S. Kyllingsbaek; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Brain activation during mental transformation of size. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12(5):763-74, 2000. PMID: 11054919. WOBIB: 30.

-5: 0.03025 A. T. Smith; M. W. Greenlee; K. D. Singh; F. M. Kraemer; J. Hennig. The processing of first- and second-order motion in human visual cortex assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Journal of Neuroscience 18(10):3816-30, 1998. PMID: 9570811. WOBIB: 53.

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