WOBIB: 2 - Gerlach, et al. (2000) Categorization and c ...
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Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. Categorization and category effects in normal object recognition: a PET study. Neuropsychologia 38(13):1693-703, 2000. PMID: 11099727. WOBIB: 2.

To investigate the neural correlates of the structural and semantic stages of visual object recognition and to see whether any effects of category could be found at these stages, we compared the rCBF associated with two categorization tasks (subjects decided whether pictures represented artefacts or natural objects), and two object decision tasks (subjects decided whether pictures represented real objects or nonobjects). The categorization tasks differed from each other in that the items presented in the critical scan window were drawn primarily from the category of artefacts in the one task and from the category of natural objects in the other. The same was true for the object decision tasks. The experiment thus comprised a two-by-two factorial design. The factors were Task Type with two levels (object decision vs. categorization) and Category also with two levels (natural objects vs. artefacts). The object decision tasks were associated with activation of areas involved in structural processing (fusiform gyri, right inferior frontal gyrus). In contrast, the categorization tasks were associated with activation of the left inferior temporal gyrus, a structure believed to be involved in semantic processing. In addition, activation of the left premotor cortex was found during the categorization of artefacts compared with both the categorization of natural objects and object decision to artefacts. These findings suggest that the structural and semantic stages are dissociable and that the categorization of artefacts, as opposed to the categorization of natural objects, is based, in part, on action knowledge mediated by the left premotor cortex. However, because artefacts and natural objects often caused activation in the same regions within tasks, processing of these categories is not totally segregated. Rather, the categories differ in their weight on different forms of knowledge in particular tasks.

Asymmetry: -0.33638 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (98 Kb)

1 Object decision. Decision whether a picture represented an object or a non-object. WOEXP: 2.
2 Categorization of natural and artefacts. Decision whether a picture belonged to natural or artefact category. WOEXP: 3.
3 Visual artefact object. Decision or categorization of visual artefact. WOEXP: 4.
4 Visual artefact object. Decision or categorization of visual artefact. WOEXP: 5.

corner cube of WOBIB_2

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. Categorization and category effects in normal object recognition: a PET study. Neuropsychologia 38(13):1693-703, 2000. PMID: 11099727. WOBIB: 2.

+2: 0.43631 Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. The role of action knowledge in the comprehension of artefacts--a PET study. NeuroImage 15(1):143-52, 2002. PMID: 11771982. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2002.0969. WOBIB: 34.

+3: 0.37770 S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

+4: 0.34970 Christian Gerlach; I. Law; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson. Perceptual differentiation and category effects in normal object recognition: a PET study. Brain 122 ( Pt 11):2159-70, 1999. PMID: 10545400. WOBIB: 29.

+5: 0.34338 Jean Decety; J. Grezes; N. Costes; Daniela Perani; Marc Jeannerod; E. Procyk; F. Grassi; F. Fazio. Brain activity during observation of actions. Influence of action content and subject's strategy. Brain 120 ( Pt 10):1763-77, 1997. PMID: 9365369. WOBIB: 49.

+6: 0.30773 Troels Kjaer; Markus Nowak; Hans Lou. Reflective Self-Awareness and Conscious States: PET Evidence for a Common Midline Parietofrontal Core. NeuroImage 17(2):1080, 2002. PMID: 12377180. WOBIB: 31.

+7: 0.30663 John Duncan; Rüdiger J. Seitz; J. Kolodny; D. Bor; H. Herzog; A. Ahmed; F. N. Newell; H. Emslie. A neural basis for general intelligence. Science 289(5478):457-60, 2000. PMID: 10903207. WOBIB: 110.

+8: 0.29324 Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. Functional brain mapping during free viewing of natural scenes. Human Brain Mapping 21(2):75-85, 2004. PMID: 14755595. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10153. WOBIB: 123.

+9: 0.29221 Andrea Mechelli; Karl J. Friston; Cathy J. Price. The effects of presentation rate during word and pseudoword reading: a comparison of PET and fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2():145-156, 2000. PMID: 11506654. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564000. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11189. WOBIB: 129.

+10: 0.29034 Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

+11: 0.28708 Nancy C. Andreasen; D. S. O'Leary; T. Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; K. Rezai; G. L. Watkins; L. L. Ponto; R. D. Hichwa. II. PET studies of memory: novel versus practiced free recall of word lists. NeuroImage 2(4):296-305, 1995. PMID: 9343614. WOBIB: 85.

+12: 0.27273 R. Sprengelmeyer; M. Rausch; U. T. Eysel; H. Przuntek. Neural structures associated with recognition of facial expressions of basic emotions. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 265(1409):1927-31, 1998. PMID: 9821359. WOBIB: 97.

+13: 0.26687 Gene E. Alexander; Kewei Chen; Pietro Pietrini; Stanley I. Rapoport; Eric M. Reiman. Longitudinal PET Evaluation of Cerebral Metabolic Decline in Dementia: A Potential Outcome Measure in Alzheimer's Disease Treatment Studies. American Journal of Psychiatry 159(5):738-45, 2002. PMID: 11986126. WOBIB: 91.

+14: 0.26559 N. George; J. Driver; R. J. Dolan. Seen gaze-direction modulates fusiform activity and its coupling with other brain areas during face processing. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1102-12, 2001. PMID: 11352615. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0769. WOBIB: 18.

+15: 0.25488 Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.

+16: 0.25091 Russell A. Poldrack; Elise Temple; Athanassios Protopapas; Srikantan Nagarajan; Paula Tallal; Michael Merzenich; John D. E. Gabrieli. Relations Between the Neural Bases of Dynamic Auditory Processing and Phonological Processing: Evidence from fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 13(5):687-697, 2001. PMID: 11506664. FMRIDCID: 2-2001-111KR. WOBIB: 171.

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+18: 0.24603 Motoaki Sugiura; Ryuta Kawashima; Manabu Nakagawa; Ken Okada; Tachio Sato; Ryoi Goto; Kazunori Sato; Shuichi Ono; Torsten Schormann; Karl Zilles; Hiroshi Fukuda. Correlation between human personality and neural activity in cerebral cortex. NeuroImage 11(5 Pt 1):541-546, 2000. PMID: 10806039. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2000.0564. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 149.

+19: 0.24366 S. J. Blakemore; Geraint Rees; C. D. Frith. How do we predict the consequences of our actions? A functional imaging study. Neuropsychologia 36(6):521-9, 1998. PMID: 9705062. WOBIB: 82.

+20: 0.24286 A. Ishai; L. G. Ungerleider; A. Martin; J. V. Haxby. The representation of objects in the human occipital and temporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 Suppl 2:35-51, 2000. PMID: 11506646. DOI: 10.1162/089892900564055. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-1113D. WOBIB: 28.

+21: 0.24174 Christian Gerlach; C. T. Aaside; G. W. Humphreys; Anders Gade; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Brain activity related to integrative processes in visual object recognition: bottom-up integration and the modulatory influence of stored knowledge. Neuropsychologia 40(8):1254-67, 2002. PMID: 11931928. WOBIB: 7.

+22: 0.23507 Claus Bundesen; Axel Larsen; Soren Kyllingsbaek; Olaf B. Paulson; Ian Law. Attentional effects in the visual pathways: a whole-brain PET study. Experimental Brain Research 147(3):394-406, 2002. PMID: 12428147. DOI: 10.1007/s00221-002-1243-1. WOBIB: 81.

+23: 0.23139 Eric M. Reiman; R. J. Caselli; L. S. Yun; K. Chen; D. Bandy; S. Minoshima; S. N. Thibodeau; D. Osborne. Preclinical evidence of Alzheimer's disease in persons homozygous for the epsilon 4 allele for apolipoprotein E. New England Journal of Medicine 334(12):752-8, 1996. PMID: 8592548. WOBIB: 112.

+24: 0.23103 Hans C. Lou; Troels W. Kjaer; Lars Friberg; G. Wildschiodtz; Sĝren Holm; Markus Nowak. A 15O-H2O PET study of meditation and the resting state of normal consciousness. Human Brain Mapping 7(2):98-105, 1999. PMID: 9950067. WOBIB: 22.

+25: 0.22563 Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.00061 Stefan Geyer; Anders Ledberg; Axel Schleicher; Shigeo Kinomura; Thorsten Schormann; Uli Burgel; Torkel Klingberg; Jonas Larsson; Karl Zilles; Per E. Roland. Two different areas within the primary motor cortex of man. Nature 382(6594):805-807, 1996. PMID: 8752272. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 163.

-2: 0.00078 Dottie M. Clower; John M. Hoffman; John R. Votaw; Tracy L. Faber; Roger P. Woods; Garrett E. Alexander. Role of posterior parietal cortex in the recalibration of visually guided reaching. Nature 383(6601):618-21, 1996. PMID: 8857536. WOBIB: 109.

-3: 0.00288 J. D. Bremner; R. B. Innis; S. M. Southwick; L. Staib; S. Zoghbi; D. S. Charney. Decreased benzodiazepine receptor binding in prefrontal cortex in combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 157(7):1120-1126, 2000. PMID: 10873921. WOBIB: 67.

-4: 0.00434 Richard J. Maddock; Michael H. Buonocore. Activation of left posterior cingulate gyrus by the auditory presentation of threat-related words: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 75(1):1-14, 1997. PMID: 9287369. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 165.

-5: 0.00711 Reginald B. J. Adams; Heather L. Gordon; Abigail A. Baird; Nalini Ambady; Robert E. Kleck. Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science 300(5625):1536, 2003. PMID: 12791983. DOI: 10.1126/science.1082244. WOBIB: 86.

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