WOBIB: 184 - McClure, et al. (2004) Separate Neural Syst ...
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Samuel M. McClure; David I. Laibson; George Loewenstein; Jonathan D. Cohen. Separate Neural Systems Value Immediate and Delayed Monetary Rewards. Science 306(5695):503-507, 2004. PMID: 15486304. DOI: 10.1126/science.1100907. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 184.

When humans are offered the choice between rewards available at different points in time, the relative values of the options are discounted according to their expected delays until delivery. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined the neural correlates of time discounting while subjects made a series of choices between monetary reward options that varied by delay to delivery. We demonstrate that two separate systems are involved in such decisions. Parts of the limbic system associated with the midbrain dopamine system, including paralimbic cortex, are preferentially activated by decisions involving immediately available rewards. In contrast, regions of the lateral prefrontal cortex and posterior parietal cortex are engaged uniformly by intertemporal choices irrespective of delay. Furthermore, the relative engagement of the two systems is directly associated with subjects' choices, with greater relative fronto-parietal activity when subjects choose longer term options.

Asymmetry: 0.22559 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (80 Kb)

1 Immediate reward. Choice with immediate reward available with selections visual presented and choices made by pressing one of two buttons versus with no immediate reward available. WOEXP: 579.
2 Delayed reward. Choice with reward but immediate reward with selections visual presented and choises made by pressing one of two buttons. WOEXP: 580.

corner cube of WOBIB_184

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Samuel M. McClure; David I. Laibson; George Loewenstein; Jonathan D. Cohen. Separate Neural Systems Value Immediate and Delayed Monetary Rewards. Science 306(5695):503-507, 2004. PMID: 15486304. DOI: 10.1126/science.1100907. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 184.

+2: 0.53814 Russell A. Poldrack; Anthony D. Wagner; Matthew W. Prull; John E. Desmond; Gary H. Glover; John D. E. Gabrieli. Functional Specialization for Sematic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex. NeuroImage 10(1):15-35, 1999. PMID: 10385578. DOI: 10.10061/nimg.1999.0441. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 178.

+3: 0.49397 P. Maquet; J. Peters; J. Aerts; G. Delfiore; C. Degueldre; A. Luxen; G. Franck. Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. Nature 383(6596):163-6, 1996. PMID: 8774879. WOBIB: 96.

+4: 0.45967 Gordon L. Shulman; Julie A. Fiez; Maurizio Corbetta; Randy L. Buckner; Francis M. Miezin; Marcus E. Raichle; Steven E. Petersen. Common Blood Flow Changes across Visual Tasks: II. Decreases in Cerebral Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 9(5):648-663, 1997. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 173.

+5: 0.43689 B. J. Casey; Jonathan D. Cohen; K. O'Craven; Richard J. Davidson; W. Irwin; C. A. Nelson; D. C. Noll; X. Hu; M. J. Lowe; B. R. Rosen; C. L. Truwitt; P. A. Turski. Reproducibility of fMRI results across four institutions using a spatial working memory task. NeuroImage 8(3):249-261, 1998. PMID: 9758739. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 116.

+6: 0.43062 Barbara Ravnkilde; Poul Videbech; Raben Rosenberg; Albert Gjedde; Anders Gade. Putative Tests of Frontal Lobe Function: A PET-Study of Brain Activation During Stroop's Test and Verbal Fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 24(4):534-547, 2002. PMID: 12187466. DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.534.1033. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 176.

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+8: 0.42480 Greig I. de Zubicaray; Katie McMahon; Stephen J. Wilson; Santhi Muthiah. Brain activity during the encoding, retention, and retrieval of stimulus representations. Learning & Memory 8(5):243-251, 2001. PMID: 11584070. DOI: 10.1101/lm.40301. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 141.

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+20: 0.36734 S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

+21: 0.36174 K. B. McDermott; J. G. Ojemann; Steven E. Petersen; J. M. Ollinger; A. Z. Snyder; E. Akbudak; T. E. Conturo; Marcus E. Raichle. Direct comparison of episodic encoding and retrieval of words: an event-related fMRI study. Memory 7(5-6):661-78, 1999. PMID: 10659091. WOBIB: 106.

+22: 0.36026 Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

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+24: 0.35578 Claus Bundesen; Axel Larsen; Soren Kyllingsbaek; Olaf B. Paulson; Ian Law. Attentional effects in the visual pathways: a whole-brain PET study. Experimental Brain Research 147(3):394-406, 2002. PMID: 12428147. DOI: 10.1007/s00221-002-1243-1. WOBIB: 81.

+25: 0.35473 Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.01272 Hans-Otto Karnath; S. Ferber; M. Himmelbach. Spatial awareness is a function of the temporal not the posterior parietal lobe. Nature 411(6840):950-3, 2001. PMID: 11418859. DOI: 10.1038/35082075. WOBIB: 59.

-2: 0.01404 Daniela Balslev; Finn Ċrup Nielsen; Olaf B. Paulson; Ian Law. Right Temporoparietal Cortex Activation during Visuo-proprioceptive Conflict. Cerebral Cortex 15(2):166-169, 2004. PMID: 15238438. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhh119. WOBIB: 128.

-3: 0.01468 Hans-Otto Karnath; Monika Fruhmann Berger; Wilhelm Kuker; Chris Rorden. The Anatomy of Spatial Neglect based on Voxelwise Statistical Analysis: A Study of 140 Patients. Cerebral Cortex 14(10):1164-1172, 2004. PMID: 15142954. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhh076. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 133.

-4: 0.02119 Semir Zeki; R. J. Perry; A. Bartels. The processing of kinetic contours in the brain. Cerebral Cortex 13(2):189-202, 2003. PMID: 12507950. WOBIB: 52.

-5: 0.02288 M. Tervaniemi; S. V. Medvedev; K. Alho; S. V. Pakhomov; M. S. Roudas; T. L. Van Zuijen; R. Naatanen. Lateralized automatic auditory processing of phonetic versus musical information: a PET study. Human Brain Mapping 10(2):74-79, 2000. PMID: 10864231. WOBIB: 9.

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