WOBIB: 181 - Düzel, et al. (1999) Task-related and item- ...
 
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Emrah Düzel; Roberto Cabeza; Terence W. Picton; Andrew P. Yonelinas; Henning Scheich; Hans-Jochen Heinze; Endel Tulving. Task-related and item-related brain processes of memory retrieval. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 96(4):1794-1799, 1999. PMID: 9990104. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 181.

In all cognitive tasks, general task-related processes operate throughout a given task on all items, whereas specific item-related processes operate differentially on individual items. In typical functional neuroimaging experiments, these two sets of processes have usually been confounded. Herein we report a combined positron emission tomography and event-related potential (ERP) experiment that was designed to distinguish between neural correlates of task-related and item-related processes of memory retrieval. Two retrieval tasks, episodic and semantic, were crossed with episodic (old/new) and semantic (living/nonliving) properties of individual items to yield evidence of regional brain activity associated with task-related processes, item-related processes, and their interaction. The results showed that episodic retrieval task was associated with increased blood flow in right prefrontal and posterior cingulate cortex, as well as with a sustained right-frontopolar-positive ERP, but that the semantic retrieval task was associated with left frontal and temporal lobe activity. Retrieval of old items was associated with increased blood flow in the left medial temporal lobe and with a brief late positive ERP component. The results provide converging hemodynamic and electrophysiological evidence for the distinction of task- and item-related processes, show that they map onto spatially and temporally distinct patterns of brain activity, and clarify the hemispheric encoding/retrieval asymmetry (HERA) model of prefrontal encoding and retrieval asymmetry.

Asymmetry: 0.18547 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (94 Kb)

1 Task-related episodic retrieval versus semantic. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was presented in an encoding list with right hand button response versus semantic retrieval. WOEXP: 565.
2 Task-related semantic retrieval versus episodic. Semantic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was living or nonliving with right hand button response versus episodic retrieval. WOEXP: 566.
3 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with old words versus new. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 567.
4 Item-related memory during episodic retrieval with words for living versus nonliving things. Episodic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was previously presented with right hand button response with words for living versus nonliving things. WOEXP: 568.
5 Item-related memory during semantic retrieval with old words versus new. Semantic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was refering to a living or nonliving thing with right hand button response for previously presented words versus new words not presented before. WOEXP: 569.
6 Item-related memory during semantic retrieval with new words versus old. Semantic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was refering to a living or nonliving thing with right hand button response for new words versus old previously presented words. WOEXP: 570.
7 Item-related memory during semantic retrieval with word for living versus nonliving things. Semantic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was refering to a living or nonliving thing with right hand button response for living versus nonliving things. WOEXP: 571.
8 Item-related memory during semantic retrieval with word for nonliving things versus living. Semantic retrieval with a decision whether a visually presented word was refering to a living or nonliving thing with right hand button response for nonliving things versus living. WOEXP: 572.


corner cube of WOBIB_181

Related - positive correlated volumes

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