WOBIB: 163 - Geyer, et al. (1996) Two different areas wi ...
 
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Stefan Geyer; Anders Ledberg; Axel Schleicher; Shigeo Kinomura; Thorsten Schormann; Uli Burgel; Torkel Klingberg; Jonas Larsson; Karl Zilles; Per E. Roland. Two different areas within the primary motor cortex of man. Nature 382(6594):805-807, 1996. PMID: 8752272. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 163.

The primary motor area (M1) of mammals has long been considered to be structurally and functionally homogeneous. This area corresponds to Brodmann's cytoarchitectural area 4. A few reports showing that arm and hand are doubly represented in M1 of macaque monkeys and perhaps man, and that each subarea has separate connections from somatosensory areas, have, with a few exceptions, gone largely unnoticed. Here we show that area 4 in man can be subdivided into areas '4 anterior' (4a) and '4 posterior' (4p) on the basis of both quantitative cytoarchitecture and quantitative distributions of transmitter-binding sites. We also show by positron emission tomography that two representations of the fingers exist, one in area 4a and one in area 4p. Roughness discrimination activated area 4p significantly more than a control condition of self-generated movements. We therefore suggest that the primary motor area is subdivided on the basis of anatomy, neurochemistry and function.

Asymmetry: -0.93750 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (59 Kb)

1 Reaction-time tasks with right thumb. Overlap in two reaction time tasks: One visual with key press with right thumb in response to a luminance change and an other with key press in response to protusion of a stylus to the tip of the right index finger. WOEXP: 496.
2 Tasks with right thumb button press. Overlap in tasks with right thumb button press response: two reaction time tasks: Reaction-time task to luminance change and protusion of a stylus to the tip of the right index finger; visual memory task; tacile discrimination and roughness discrimination. WOEXP: 497.
3 Visual memory task with right thumb button press. Key press with right index or middle finger based on which of two images was member of a previously seen pair. WOEXP: 498.


corner cube of WOBIB_163

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Stefan Geyer; Anders Ledberg; Axel Schleicher; Shigeo Kinomura; Thorsten Schormann; Uli Burgel; Torkel Klingberg; Jonas Larsson; Karl Zilles; Per E. Roland. Two different areas within the primary motor cortex of man. Nature 382(6594):805-807, 1996. PMID: 8752272. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 163.

+2: 0.75913 S. Tanaka; T. Inui; S. Iwaki; J. Konishi; T. Nakai. Neural substrates involved in imitating finger configurations: an fMRI study. NeuroReport 12(6):1171-4, 2001. PMID: 11338186. WOBIB: 43.

+3: 0.69021 P. A. Gelnar; B. R. Krauss; P. R. Sheehe; N. M. Szeverenyi; A. V. Apkarian. A comparative fMRI study of cortical representations for thermal painful, vibrotactile, and motor performance tasks. NeuroImage 10(4):460-82, 1999. PMID: 10493903. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.1999.0482. WOBIB: 75.

+4: 0.55077 E. Hazeltine; Russell Poldrack; John D. E. Gabrieli. Neural activation during response competition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12(Supplement 2):118-29, 2000. PMID: 11506652. DOI: 10.1162/089892900563984. FMRIDCID: 2-2000-11173. WOBIB: 40.

+5: 0.52971 T. Mima; A. Ikeda; S. Yazawa; T. Kunieda; T. Nagamine; W. Taki; H. Shibasaki. Somesthetic function of supplementary motor area during voluntary movements. NeuroReport 10(9):1859-62, 1999. PMID: 10501521. WOBIB: 84.

+6: 0.46211 J. D. Talbot; S. Marrett; Alan C. Evans; Ernst Meyer; M. C. Bushnell; G. H. Duncan. Multiple representations of pain in human cerebral cortex. Science 251(4999):1355-8, 1991. PMID: 2003220. BrainMap: 5. WOBIB: 114.

+7: 0.46028 I. Indovina; J. N. Sanes. On somatotopic representation centers for finger movements in human primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1027-34, 2001. PMID: 11352608. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0776. WOBIB: 11.

+8: 0.44257 C. Dettmers; R. N. Lemon; K. M. Stephan; G. R. Fink; Richard S. J. Frackowiak. Cerebral activation during the exertion of sustained static force in man. NeuroReport 7(13):2103-10, 1996. PMID: 8930968. WOBIB: 108.

+9: 0.39966 Chlöé Farrer; Chris D. Frith. Experiencing oneself vs another person as being the cause of an action: the neural correlates of the experience of agency. NeuroImage 15(3):596-603, 2002. PMID: 11848702. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1009. WOBIB: 23.

+10: 0.38176 M. Nowak; K. S. Olsen; I. Law; Søren Holm; O. B. Paulson; N. H. Secher. Command-related distribution of regional cerebral blood flow during attempted handgrip. Journal of Applied Physiology 86(3):819-824, 1999. PMID: 10066691. WOBIB: 16.

+11: 0.32294 Hans C. Lou; Troels W. Kjaer; Lars Friberg; G. Wildschiodtz; Søren Holm; Markus Nowak. A 15O-H2O PET study of meditation and the resting state of normal consciousness. Human Brain Mapping 7(2):98-105, 1999. PMID: 9950067. WOBIB: 22.

+12: 0.31408 F. Lacquaniti; Daniela Perani; E. Guigon; V. Bettinardi; M. Carrozzo; F. Grassi; Yves Rossetti; F. Fazio. Visuomotor Transformations for Reaching to Memorized Targets: A PET study. NeuroImage 5(2):129-146, 1997. PMID: 9345543. DOI: 10.1006.nimg.1996.0254. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 182.

+13: 0.29669 N. George; J. Driver; R. J. Dolan. Seen gaze-direction modulates fusiform activity and its coupling with other brain areas during face processing. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1102-12, 2001. PMID: 11352615. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0769. WOBIB: 18.

+14: 0.27712 Morten Blinkenberg; Christian Bonde; Søren Holm; Claus Svarer; Jimmy Andersen; Olaf B. Paulson; Ian Law. Rate dependence of regional cerebral activation during performance of a repetitive motor task: a PET study. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 16(5):794-803, 1996. PMID: 8784224. DOI: 10.1097/00004647-199609000-00004. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 166.

+15: 0.25926 J. M. Ellermann; J. D. Siegal; J. P. Strupp; T. J. Ebner; K. Ugurbil. Activation of visuomotor systems during visually guided movements: a functional MRI study. Journal of Magnetic Resonance 131(2):272-285, 1998. PMID: 9571103. WOBIB: 45.

+16: 0.25345 B. J. Casey; Jonathan D. Cohen; K. O'Craven; Richard J. Davidson; W. Irwin; C. A. Nelson; D. C. Noll; X. Hu; M. J. Lowe; B. R. Rosen; C. L. Truwitt; P. A. Turski. Reproducibility of fMRI results across four institutions using a spatial working memory task. NeuroImage 8(3):249-261, 1998. PMID: 9758739. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 116.

+17: 0.24050 Alan G. Sanfey; James K. Rilling; Jessica A. Aronson; Leigh E. Nystrom; Jonathan D. Cohen. The Neural Basis of Economic decision-Making in the Ultimatum Game. Science 300(5626):1755-1758, 2003. PMID: 12805551. DOI: 10.1126/science.1082976. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 179.

+18: 0.24041 R. A. Berman; C. L. Colby; C. R. Genovese; J. T. Voyvodic; B. Luna; K. R. Thulborn; J. A. Sweeney. Cortical networks subserving pursuit and saccadic eye movements in humans: an FMRI study. Human Brain Mapping 8(4):209-25, 1999. PMID: 10619415. WOBIB: 46.

+19: 0.23680 Silvina Horovitz; Pawel Skudlarski; John Gore. Correlations and dissociations between BOLD signal and P300 amplitude in an auditory oddball task: a parametric approach to combining fMRI and ERP. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 20(4):319, 2002. PMID: 12165350. WOBIB: 19.

+20: 0.23395 Daniel D. Langleben; L. Schroeder; J. A. Maldjian; R. C. Gur; S. McDonald; J. D. Ragland; C. P. O'Brien; A. R. Childress. Brain Activity during Simulated Deception: An Event-Related Functional Magnetic Resonance Study. NeuroImage 15(3):727-732, 2002. PMID: 11848716. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1003. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 186.

+21: 0.20734 P. Ruby; Jean Decety. Effect of subjective perspective taking during simulation of action: a PET investigation of agency. Nature Neuroscience 4(5):546-50, 2001. PMID: 11319565. DOI: 10.1038/87510. WOBIB: 8.

+22: 0.19899 K. Inoue; R. Kawashima; Motoaki Sugiura; A. Ogawa; T. Schormann; Karl Zilles; Hiroshi Fukuda. Activation in the ipsilateral posterior parietal cortex during tool use: a PET study. NeuroImage 14(6):1469-75, 2001. PMID: 11707103. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0942. WOBIB: 48.

+23: 0.19070 Ian Law; Claus Svarer; Søren Holm; Olaf B. Paulson. The activation pattern in normal humans during suppression, imagination and performance of saccadic eye movements. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 161(3):419-434, 1997. PMID: 9401596. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 135.

+24: 0.17133 K. L. Casey; T. J. Morrow; J. Lorenz; S. Minoshima. Temporal and spatial dynamics of human forebrain activity during heat pain: analysis by positron emission tomography. Journal of Neurophysiology 85(2):951-9, 2001. PMID: 11160525. WOBIB: 95.

+25: 0.16448 P. E. Paulson; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; K. L. Casey. Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of cerebral activation during noxious heat stimulation in humans. Pain 76(1-2):223-9, 1998. PMID: 9696477. WOBIB: 118.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.00000 Hans-Otto Karnath; Monika Fruhmann Berger; Wilhelm Kuker; Chris Rorden. The Anatomy of Spatial Neglect based on Voxelwise Statistical Analysis: A Study of 140 Patients. Cerebral Cortex 14(10):1164-1172, 2004. PMID: 15142954. DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhh076. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 133.

-2: 0.00000 Richard N. A. Henson; S. Cansino; J. E. Herron; W. G. K. Robb; Michael D. Rugg. A familiarity signal in human anterior medial temporal cortex?. Hippocampus 13(2):301-304, 2003. PMID: 12699337. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 139.

-3: 0.00000 T. Suhara; F. Yasuno; Y. Sudo; M. Yamamoto; M. Inoue; Y. Okubo; K. Suzuki. Dopamine D2 receptors in the insular cortex and the personality trait of novelty seeking. NeuroImage 13(5):891-895, 2001. PMID: 11304084. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0761. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 160.

-4: 0.00000 Ahmad R. Hariri; Venkata S. Mattay; Alessandro Tessitore; Bhaskar Kolachana; Francesco Fera; David Goldman; Michael F. Egan; Daniel R. Weinberger. Serotonin transporter genetic variation and the response of the human amygdala. Science 297(5580):400-3, 2002. PMID: 12130784. DOI: 10.1126/science.1071829. WOBIB: 115.

-5: 0.00000 Emrah Düzel; Reza Habib; Michael Rotte; Sebastian Guderian; Endel Tulving; Hans-Jochen Heinze. Human hippocampal and parahippocampal activity during visual associative recognition memory for spatial and nonspatial stimulus configurations. Journal of Neuroscience 23(28):9439-9444, 2003. PMID: 14561873. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 146.

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