WOBIB: 159 - Shallice, et al. (1994) Brain regions assoc ...
 
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Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

It is widely held that conscious recall of past experiences involves a specific system--episodic memory. Patients with amnesia have gross impairments of episodic memory while other kinds of memory remain intact, suggesting that a separable brain system underlies episodic memory. We have used positron emission tomography (PET) to identify components of this system in normal volunteers. A dual-task interference paradigm was used to isolate brain areas associated with acquisition, and a cueing paradigm to isolate the areas concerned with retrieval from verbal episodic memory. Acquisition was associated with activity in the left prefrontal cortex and the retrosplenial area, whereas retrieval was associated with activity in right prefrontal cortex and the precuneus. Our results provide clear evidence that episodic memory involves a network of specific prefrontal and posterior structures which can be fractionated into different component processes.

Asymmetry: -0.83293 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (93 Kb)

1 Encoding of word-paires with easy distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an easy distraction task where a joystick should be moved to completely predictable positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 488.
2 Encoding of word-paires with difficult distractor. Memory encoding of heard word pairs consisting of category and uncommon exemplar for later recall during an difficult distraction task where a joystick should be moved to randomly placed positions on a screen versus passive listening to word-pairs with distraction task. WOEXP: 489.
3 Recall of word-pair associates. Recall of exemplars cued from category labels based on previously presented word-pairs associates versus word repetition. WOEXP: 490.
4 Generation of word-pair associates. Recall of exemplars cued from category labels based on words that were not previously presented versus word repetition. WOEXP: 491.


corner cube of WOBIB_159

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Tim Shallice; Paul Fletcher; Chris D. Frith; Paul Grasby; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. Brain regions associated with acquisition and retrieval of verbal episodic memory. Nature 368(6472):633-635, 1994. PMID: 8145849. DOI: 10.1038/368633a0. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 159.

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+9: 0.50280 Brent A. Vogt; Stuart Derbyshire; Anthony K. Jones. Pain processing in four regions of human cingulate cortex localized with co-registered PET and MR imaging. European Journal of Neuroscience 8(7):1461-73, 1996. PMID: 8758953. WOBIB: 100.

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+14: 0.47869 E. A. Phelps; F. Hyder; A. M. Blamire; R. G. Shulman. FMRI of the prefrontal cortex during overt verbal fluency. NeuroReport 8(2):561-5, 1997. PMID: 9080448. WOBIB: 12.

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+22: 0.42377 L. R. Becerra; H. C. Breiter; M. Stojanovic; S. Fishman; A. Edwards; A. R. Comite; R. G. Gonzalez; D. Borsook. Human brain activation under controlled thermal stimulation and habituation to noxious heat: an fMRI study. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 41(5):1044-57, 1999. PMID: 10332889. WOBIB: 72.

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Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.00054 Dottie M. Clower; John M. Hoffman; John R. Votaw; Tracy L. Faber; Roger P. Woods; Garrett E. Alexander. Role of posterior parietal cortex in the recalibration of visually guided reaching. Nature 383(6601):618-21, 1996. PMID: 8857536. WOBIB: 109.

-2: 0.00106 Stefan Geyer; Anders Ledberg; Axel Schleicher; Shigeo Kinomura; Thorsten Schormann; Uli Burgel; Torkel Klingberg; Jonas Larsson; Karl Zilles; Per E. Roland. Two different areas within the primary motor cortex of man. Nature 382(6594):805-807, 1996. PMID: 8752272. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 163.

-3: 0.00340 U. Hasson; T. Hendler; D. Ben Bashat; R. Malach. Vase or face? A neural correlate of shape-selective grouping processes in the human brain. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 13(6):744-53, 2001. PMID: 11564319. DOI: 10.1162/08989290152541412. FMRIDCID: 2-2001-111P8. WOBIB: 36.

-4: 0.00622 A. T. Smith; M. W. Greenlee; K. D. Singh; F. M. Kraemer; J. Hennig. The processing of first- and second-order motion in human visual cortex assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Journal of Neuroscience 18(10):3816-30, 1998. PMID: 9570811. WOBIB: 53.

-5: 0.00648 Semir Zeki; R. J. Perry; A. Bartels. The processing of kinetic contours in the brain. Cerebral Cortex 13(2):189-202, 2003. PMID: 12507950. WOBIB: 52.

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