WOBIB: 134 - Andreasen, et al. (1995) Remembering the pa ...
 
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Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

OBJECTIVE: This study used positron emission tomography to examine two kinds of personal memory that are used in psychiatric evaluation: focused episodic memory (recall of past experience, employed in "taking a history") and random episodic memory (uncensored thinking about experience, examined during analytic therapy using free association). For comparison, a third memory task was used to tap impersonal memory that represents general information about the world ("semantic memory"). METHOD: Thirteen subjects were studied using the [15O]H2O method to obtain quantitative measurements of cerebral blood flow. The three conditions were subtracted and their relative relationships examined. RESULTS: The random episodic condition produced activations in widely distributed association cortex (right and left frontal, parietal, angular/supramarginal, and posterior inferior temporal regions). Focused episodic memory engaged a network that included the medial inferior frontal regions, precuneus/retrosplenial cingulate, anterior cingulate, thalamus, and cerebellum. The use of medial frontal regions and the precuneus/retrosplenial cingulate was common to both focused and random episodic memory. The major difference between semantic and episodic memory was activation of Broca's area and the left frontal operculum by semantic memory. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that free-ranging mental activity (random episodic memory) produces large activations in association cortex and may reflect both active retrieval of past experiences and planning of future experiences. Focused episodic memory shares some components of this circuit (inferior frontal and precuneus), which may reflect the time-linked components of both aspects of episodic memory, and which permit human beings to experience personal identity, consciousness, and self-awareness.

Asymmetry: 0.11012 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (176 Kb)

1 Focused episodic memory versus rest. Recalling a personal event from the past and describing the event aloud versus rest with eyes closed. WOEXP: 411.
2 Rest versus focused episodic memory. Rest with eyes closed versus recalling a personal event from the past and describing the event aloud. WOEXP: 412.
3 Semantic memory versus rest. Recalling and speak aloud words that start with a specific letter versus rest with eyes closed. WOEXP: 413.
4 Rest versus semantic memory. Rest with eyes closed versus recalling and speak aloud words that start with a specific letter. WOEXP: 414.
5 Focused episodic memory versus semantic memory. Recalling a personal event from the past and describing the event aloud versus recalling and speaking aloud words that start with a specific letter. WOEXP: 415.
6 Semantic memory versus focused episodic memory. Recalling and speaking aloud words that start with a specific letter versus recalling a personal event from the past and describing the event aloud. WOEXP: 416.


corner cube of WOBIB_134

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

+2: 0.67643 Nancy C. Andreasen; D. S. O'Leary; T. Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; K. Rezai; G. L. Watkins; L. L. Ponto; R. D. Hichwa. II. PET studies of memory: novel versus practiced free recall of word lists. NeuroImage 2(4):296-305, 1995. PMID: 9343614. WOBIB: 85.

+3: 0.64002 Terry L. Jernigan; A. L. Ostergaard; Ian Law; Claus Svarer; Christian Gerlach; O. B. Paulson. Brain activation during word identification and word recognition. NeuroImage 8(1):93-105, 1998. PMID: 9698579. WOBIB: 35.

+4: 0.59664 S. J. Blakemore; Geraint Rees; C. D. Frith. How do we predict the consequences of our actions? A functional imaging study. Neuropsychologia 36(6):521-9, 1998. PMID: 9705062. WOBIB: 82.

+5: 0.57162 S. Aalto; P. Naatanen; E. Wallius; L. Metsahonkala; H. Stenman; P. M. Niem; H. Karlsson. Neuroanatomical substrata of amusement and sadness: a PET activation study using film stimuli. NeuroReport 13(1):67-73, 2002. PMID: 11924897. WOBIB: 88.

+6: 0.54610 E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

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+8: 0.52868 Barbara Ravnkilde; Poul Videbech; Raben Rosenberg; Albert Gjedde; Anders Gade. Putative Tests of Frontal Lobe Function: A PET-Study of Brain Activation During Stroop's Test and Verbal Fluency. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 24(4):534-547, 2002. PMID: 12187466. DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.534.1033. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 176.

+9: 0.52833 Ian Law; Claus Svarer; Søren Holm; Olaf B. Paulson. The activation pattern in normal humans during suppression, imagination and performance of saccadic eye movements. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 161(3):419-434, 1997. PMID: 9401596. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 135.

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+15: 0.49925 K. L. Casey; T. J. Morrow; J. Lorenz; S. Minoshima. Temporal and spatial dynamics of human forebrain activity during heat pain: analysis by positron emission tomography. Journal of Neurophysiology 85(2):951-9, 2001. PMID: 11160525. WOBIB: 95.

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+17: 0.49290 G. R. Fink; H. J. Markowitsch; M. Reinkemeier; T. Bruckbauer; J. Kessler; W. D. Heiss. Cerebral representation of one's own past: neural networks involved in autobiographical memory. Journal of Neuroscience 16(13):4275-82, 1996. PMID: 8753888. WOBIB: 68.

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+19: 0.47594 Rosa Maria Moresco; M. Dieci; A. Vita; Christina Messa; C. Gobbo; L. Galli; Giovanna Rizzo; A. Panzacchi; L. De Peri; G. Invernizzi; Ferruchio Fazio. In vivo serotonin 5HT(2A) receptor binding and personality traits in healthy subjects: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 17(3):1470-1478, 2002. PMID: 12414286. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 161.

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+21: 0.46103 L. R. Becerra; H. C. Breiter; M. Stojanovic; S. Fishman; A. Edwards; A. R. Comite; R. G. Gonzalez; D. Borsook. Human brain activation under controlled thermal stimulation and habituation to noxious heat: an fMRI study. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 41(5):1044-57, 1999. PMID: 10332889. WOBIB: 72.

+22: 0.45815 Katharina Henke; Christian R. A. Mondadori; Valerie Treyer; Roger M. Nitsch; Alfred Buck; Christoph Hock. Nonconscious formation and reactivation of semantic associations by way of the medial temporal lobe. Neuropsychologia 41(8):863-876, 2003. PMID: 12667523. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 152.

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+24: 0.45143 Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+25: 0.44737 P. E. Paulson; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; K. L. Casey. Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of cerebral activation during noxious heat stimulation in humans. Pain 76(1-2):223-9, 1998. PMID: 9696477. WOBIB: 118.


Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.01156 J. D. Bremner; R. B. Innis; S. M. Southwick; L. Staib; S. Zoghbi; D. S. Charney. Decreased benzodiazepine receptor binding in prefrontal cortex in combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 157(7):1120-1126, 2000. PMID: 10873921. WOBIB: 67.

-2: 0.04408 T. Suhara; F. Yasuno; Y. Sudo; M. Yamamoto; M. Inoue; Y. Okubo; K. Suzuki. Dopamine D2 receptors in the insular cortex and the personality trait of novelty seeking. NeuroImage 13(5):891-895, 2001. PMID: 11304084. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0761. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 160.

-3: 0.05552 A. Larsen; C. Bundesen; S. Kyllingsbaek; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Brain activation during mental transformation of size. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12(5):763-74, 2000. PMID: 11054919. WOBIB: 30.

-4: 0.06271 Richard N. A. Henson; S. Cansino; J. E. Herron; W. G. K. Robb; Michael D. Rugg. A familiarity signal in human anterior medial temporal cortex?. Hippocampus 13(2):301-304, 2003. PMID: 12699337. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 139.

-5: 0.08531 Stefan Geyer; Anders Ledberg; Axel Schleicher; Shigeo Kinomura; Thorsten Schormann; Uli Burgel; Torkel Klingberg; Jonas Larsson; Karl Zilles; Per E. Roland. Two different areas within the primary motor cortex of man. Nature 382(6594):805-807, 1996. PMID: 8752272. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 163.

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