WOBIB: 130 - Stern, et al. (2000) A functional neuroanat ...
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E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

BACKGROUND: Tics are involuntary, brief, stereotyped motor and vocal behaviors often associated with irresistible urges. They are a defining symptom of the classic neuropsychiatric disorder, Tourette syndrome (TS), and constitute an example of disordered human volition. The neural correlates of tics are not well understood and have not been imaged selectively. METHODS: Event-related [(15)O]H(2)O positron emission tomography techniques combined with time-synchronized audio and videotaping were used to determine the duration of, frequency of, and radiotracer input during tics in each of 72 scans from 6 patients with TS. This permitted a voxel-by-voxel correlational analysis within Statistical Parametric Mapping of patterns of neural activity associated with the tics. RESULTS: Brain regions in which activity was significantly correlated with tic occurrence in the group included medial and lateral premotor cortices, anterior cingulate cortex, dorsolateral-rostral prefrontal cortex, inferior parietal cortex, putamen, and caudate, as well as primary motor cortex, the Broca's area, superior temporal gyrus, insula, and claustrum. In an individual patient with prominent coprolalia, such vocal tics were associated with activity in prerolandic and postrolandic language regions, insula, caudate, thalamus, and cerebellum, while activity in sensorimotor cortex was noted with motor tics. CONCLUSIONS: Aberrant activity in the interrelated sensorimotor, language, executive, and paralimbic circuits identified in this study may account for the initiation and execution of diverse motor and vocal behaviors that characterize tics in TS, as well as for the urges that often accompany them. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2000;57:741-748

Asymmetry: -0.23401 (left: -1, right: +1)

VRML2 file (157 Kb)

1 Tics during Tourette's syndrome. Correlation with amount of tics while Tourette patients relaxed with closed eyes. WOEXP: 402.
2 Coprolalia during Tourette's syndrome. Vocal tics with coprolia while Tourette patients relaxed with closed eyes. WOEXP: 403.
3 Motor tics during Tourette's syndrome. Motor tics while Tourette patients relaxed with closed eyes. WOEXP: 404.

corner cube of WOBIB_130

Related - positive correlated volumes

+1: 1.00000 E. Stern; D. A. Silbersweig; K. Y. Chee; Andrew Holmes; M. M. Robertson; M. Trimble; Christopher D. Frith; Richard S. J. Frackowiak; Raymond J. Dolan. A functional neuroanatomy of tics in Tourette syndrome. Archives of General Psychiatry 57(8):741-748, 2000. PMID: 10920461. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 130.

+2: 0.62894 Silvina Horovitz; Pawel Skudlarski; John Gore. Correlations and dissociations between BOLD signal and P300 amplitude in an auditory oddball task: a parametric approach to combining fMRI and ERP. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 20(4):319, 2002. PMID: 12165350. WOBIB: 19.

+3: 0.58386 Terry L. Jernigan; A. L. Ostergaard; Ian Law; Claus Svarer; Christian Gerlach; O. B. Paulson. Brain activation during word identification and word recognition. NeuroImage 8(1):93-105, 1998. PMID: 9698579. WOBIB: 35.

+4: 0.57347 Mary L. Phillips; E. T. Bullmore; R. Howard; P. W. Woodruff; I. C. Wright; Steven C. R. Williams; A. Simmons; C. Andrew; M. Brammer; Anthony S. David. Investigation of facial recognition memory and happy and sad facial expression perception: an fMRI study. Psychiatry Research 83(3):127-38, 1998. PMID: 9849722. WOBIB: 98.

+5: 0.57168 T. Mima; A. Ikeda; S. Yazawa; T. Kunieda; T. Nagamine; W. Taki; H. Shibasaki. Somesthetic function of supplementary motor area during voluntary movements. NeuroReport 10(9):1859-62, 1999. PMID: 10501521. WOBIB: 84.

+6: 0.55681 L. R. Becerra; H. C. Breiter; M. Stojanovic; S. Fishman; A. Edwards; A. R. Comite; R. G. Gonzalez; D. Borsook. Human brain activation under controlled thermal stimulation and habituation to noxious heat: an fMRI study. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 41(5):1044-57, 1999. PMID: 10332889. WOBIB: 72.

+7: 0.55474 Jonathan C. W. Brooks; Turo J. Nurmikko; William E. Bimson; Krish D. Singh; Neil Roberts. fMRI of thermal pain: effects of stimulus laterality and attention. NeuroImage 15(2):293-301, 2002. PMID: 11798266. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0974. WOBIB: 60.

+8: 0.55203 J. Downar; A. P. Crawley; D. J. Mikulis; K. D. Davis. A multimodal cortical network for the detection of changes in the sensory environment. Nature Neuroscience 3(3):277-283, 2000. PMID: 10700261. DOI: 10.1038/72991. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 148.

+9: 0.54940 P. Petrovic; K. M. Petersson; P. H. Ghatan; S. Stone-Elander; M. Ingvar. Pain-related cerebral activation is altered by a distracting cognitive task. Pain 85(1-2):19-30, 2000. PMID: 10692599. WOBIB: 58.

+10: 0.54610 Nancy C. Andreasen; Daniel S. O'Leary; Ted Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; Karim Rezai; G. Leonard Watkins; Laura L. Ponto; Richard D. Hichwa. Remembering the past: two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(11):1576-1585, 1995. PMID: 7485619. FMRIDCID: . BrainMap: 219. WOBIB: 134.

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+12: 0.52931 U. N. Frankenstein; W. Richter; M. C. McIntyre; F. Remy. Distraction modulates anterior cingulate gyrus activations during the cold pressor test. NeuroImage 14(4):827-36, 2001. PMID: 11554801. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0883. WOBIB: 83.

+13: 0.52577 K. L. Casey; T. J. Morrow; J. Lorenz; S. Minoshima. Temporal and spatial dynamics of human forebrain activity during heat pain: analysis by positron emission tomography. Journal of Neurophysiology 85(2):951-9, 2001. PMID: 11160525. WOBIB: 95.

+14: 0.52155 Rosa Maria Moresco; M. Dieci; A. Vita; Christina Messa; C. Gobbo; L. Galli; Giovanna Rizzo; A. Panzacchi; L. De Peri; G. Invernizzi; Ferruchio Fazio. In vivo serotonin 5HT(2A) receptor binding and personality traits in healthy subjects: a positron emission tomography study. NeuroImage 17(3):1470-1478, 2002. PMID: 12414286. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 161.

+15: 0.51576 P. E. Paulson; S. Minoshima; T. J. Morrow; K. L. Casey. Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of cerebral activation during noxious heat stimulation in humans. Pain 76(1-2):223-9, 1998. PMID: 9696477. WOBIB: 118.

+16: 0.49364 Nancy C. Andreasen; D. S. O'Leary; T. Cizadlo; Stephan Arndt; K. Rezai; G. L. Watkins; L. L. Ponto; R. D. Hichwa. II. PET studies of memory: novel versus practiced free recall of word lists. NeuroImage 2(4):296-305, 1995. PMID: 9343614. WOBIB: 85.

+17: 0.48977 M. Tashiro; F. D. Juengling; M. J. Reinhardt; I. Brink; S. Hoegerle; M. Mix; K. Kubota; K. Yamaguchi; M. Itoh; H. Sasaki; E. Moser; E. U. Nitzsche. Reproducibility of PET brain mapping of cancer patients. Psychooncology 9(2):157-63, 2000. PMID: 10767753. WOBIB: 92.

+18: 0.48782 F. Lacquaniti; Daniela Perani; E. Guigon; V. Bettinardi; M. Carrozzo; F. Grassi; Yves Rossetti; F. Fazio. Visuomotor Transformations for Reaching to Memorized Targets: A PET study. NeuroImage 5(2):129-146, 1997. PMID: 9345543. DOI: 10.1006.nimg.1996.0254. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 182.

+19: 0.47104 C. Weiller; M. Juptner; S. Fellows; M. Rijntjes; G. Leonhardt; S. Kiebel; S. Muller; H. C. Diener; A. F. Thilmann. Brain representation of active and passive movements. NeuroImage 4(2):105-110, 1996. PMID: 9345502. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 151.

+20: 0.47033 A. M. Aupee; B. Desgranges; F. Eustache; C. Lalevee; V. de la Sayette; F. Viader; J. C. Baron. Voxel-based mapping of brain hypometabolism in permanent amnesia with PET. NeuroImage 13(6 Pt 1):1164-73, 2001. PMID: 11352622. DOI: 10.1006/nimg.2001.0762. WOBIB: 119.

+21: 0.46573 Richard J. Maddock; Amy S. Garrett; Michael H. Buonocore. Posterior cingulate cortex activation by emotional words: fMRI evidence from a valence decision task. Human Brain Mapping 18(1):30-41, 2003. PMID: 12454910. DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10075. WOBIB: 39.

+22: 0.46272 Russell A. Poldrack; Elise Temple; Athanassios Protopapas; Srikantan Nagarajan; Paula Tallal; Michael Merzenich; John D. E. Gabrieli. Relations Between the Neural Bases of Dynamic Auditory Processing and Phonological Processing: Evidence from fMRI. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 13(5):687-697, 2001. PMID: 11506664. FMRIDCID: 2-2001-111KR. WOBIB: 171.

+23: 0.46197 Brent A. Vogt; Stuart Derbyshire; Anthony K. Jones. Pain processing in four regions of human cingulate cortex localized with co-registered PET and MR imaging. European Journal of Neuroscience 8(7):1461-73, 1996. PMID: 8758953. WOBIB: 100.

+24: 0.45616 Andreas Bartels; Semir Zeki. The neural basis of romantic love. NeuroReport 11(17):3829-3834, 2000. PMID: 11117499. WOBIB: 54.

+25: 0.44338 L. Ryan; L. Nadel; K. Keil; K. Putnam; D. Schnyer; T. Trouard; M. Moscovitch. Hippocampal complex and retrieval of recent and very remote autobiographical memories: evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging in neurologically intact people. Hippocampus 11(6):707-14, 2001. PMID: 11811665. WOBIB: 73.

Antirelated - negatively correlated volumes

-1: 0.01590 J. D. Bremner; R. B. Innis; S. M. Southwick; L. Staib; S. Zoghbi; D. S. Charney. Decreased benzodiazepine receptor binding in prefrontal cortex in combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 157(7):1120-1126, 2000. PMID: 10873921. WOBIB: 67.

-2: 0.01697 A. Larsen; C. Bundesen; S. Kyllingsbaek; O. B. Paulson; I. Law. Brain activation during mental transformation of size. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12(5):763-74, 2000. PMID: 11054919. WOBIB: 30.

-3: 0.01741 Semir Zeki; R. J. Perry; A. Bartels. The processing of kinetic contours in the brain. Cerebral Cortex 13(2):189-202, 2003. PMID: 12507950. WOBIB: 52.

-4: 0.02684 Richard N. A. Henson; S. Cansino; J. E. Herron; W. G. K. Robb; Michael D. Rugg. A familiarity signal in human anterior medial temporal cortex?. Hippocampus 13(2):301-304, 2003. PMID: 12699337. FMRIDCID: . WOBIB: 139.

-5: 0.03610 A. T. Smith; M. W. Greenlee; K. D. Singh; F. M. Kraemer; J. Hennig. The processing of first- and second-order motion in human visual cortex assessed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Journal of Neuroscience 18(10):3816-30, 1998. PMID: 9570811. WOBIB: 53.

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